Author:
Patrick Hunt Stanford University, California, USA

Search for other papers by Patrick Hunt in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Abstract

“Hannibal's War” was what Carthage called the Second Punic War from 218–202 BCE because it was clear from the outset Carthaginian leadership was not fully participatory or even much engaged with him and his long Italian campaign. The signs of estrangement were seen at least as early as Hannibal's siege of Saguntum in 219 BCE when Carthage's Gerousia or Council of Elders took no responsibility with the envoy from Rome complaining about his “brutal” taking of Saguntum. But perhaps it is more important to examine exactly where – and when – Hannibal's real home might have been, since he could hardly call Carthage his true home, as this brief paper proposes. Discussion follows what Hannibal learned in Iberia and how important Iberia as his adopted homeland and its abundant silver meant to him instead – not Carthage – and how Iberia under his father Hamilcar prepared his lifelong stratagems for war, with Scipio as his eventual young rival student from Rome leading to Zama, which brought Hannibal back to Carthage under the worst circumstances and a periphery of his prior successes. Whether or not Hannibal's return to Carthage in 203–202 BCE can be called a “homecoming” is certainly moot in many ways, especially given that it was not his home for most of his life. Decades later, given his estrangement from Carthage, Scipio's famous epitaph could just as well be Hannibal's.

  • Bravo Jiménez, S. et al. (2008). El Tesoro de Cerro Colorado. La Segunda Guerra Púnica en el Costa Occidental Malagueña (Benihavís, Malaga). In: Arévalo González, A. (coord.), Moneda y arqueología: actas XIII Congreso Nacional de Numismática (Cádiz, 22-24 octubre de 2007). Universidad de Cádiz, pp. 97110.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dutrizac, J.E.Jambor, J.L.O’Reilly, J.B. (1985). Man’s first use of Jarosite: the pre-Roman mining-metallurgical operations at Riotinto, Spain. Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Bulletin, 76.859: 7882.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • García-Bellido de Diego, M.P. (1990). El Tesoro de Mogente y su Entorno Monetal. Estudis Numismatics Valencians Numero 5. Generalitat Valenciana, Conselleria de Cultura, Educación I Ciencia, Valencia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • García-Bellido de Diego, M.P. (2019). Las Monedas de los Barca. Desperta Ferro: Antigua y Medieval, 53: 4649.

  • Goldsworthy, A. (2000). The Punic Wars. Cassell, London.

  • Healy, M. (2005). Cannae 216 BC: Hannibal Smashes Rome’s Army .Osprey Publishing, Oxford, repr.

  • Hoyos, D. (1992). Sluice-gates or Neptune at New Carthage, 209 BC. Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 41: 12428.

  • Hoyos, D. (2012). Battle of Zama. In: The Encyclopedia of Ancient History .Wiley Online Library, s.v. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah19197.pub2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hoyos, D. (2019). Hamilcar Barca. In: The Encyclopedia of Ancient History. Wiley Online Library, s.v .https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah20146.pub2.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hunt, P. (2016). When Empires Clash: Twelve Great Battles in Antiquity .Stone Tower Books, Newport, RI.

  • Hunt, P. (2017). Hannibal .Simon and Schuster, New York.

  • Jones, G.D.B. (1980). Roman Mining at Riotinto. Journal of Roman Studies, 70: 146165.

  • Jospin, J.-P.Dalaine, L. (2011). Hannibal et les Alpes .Muse Dauphinois, Grenoble.

  • Lacey, J.Murray, W. (2020). Gods of War: History’s Greatest Military Rivals .Bantam Books, New York.

  • Lancel, S. (1999). Hannibal. Blackwells, Oxford.

  • Liddell Hart, B.H. (1991). Strategy: The Classic Book on Military Strategy .2nd rev. ed. (Faber and Faber, 1967). Meridian/Penguin, New York, repr.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Markoe, G.E. (2000). The Phoenicians .British Museum Press, London.

  • Miles, R. (2011). Carthage Must Be Destroyed: The Rise and Fall of an Ancient Civilization .Viking/Penguin, New York.

  • O’Connell, R.L. (2010). The Ghosts of Cannae: Hannibal and the Darkest Hour of the Roman Republic .Random House, New York.

  • Richardson, J.S. (1976). The Spanish Mines and the Development of Provincial Taxation in the Second c. BC. Journal of Roman Studies, 66: 139152.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rowan, C. (2013). The Profits of War and Cultural Capital: Silver and Society in Republican Rome. Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 62(3): 361386.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ruiz Mata, D. (2002). The Beginnings of the Phoenician Presence in Southwestern Andalusia. In: Gitin, S. (ed.) – Bierling, M.R. (trad.), The Phoenicians in Spain: An Archaeological Review of the Eighth-Sixth Centuries BCE. A collection of articles translated from Spanish. Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, pp. 263298.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sheldon, R.M. (1987). Hannibal’s Spies. International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, 1(3): 5370.

  • Sheldon, R.M. (2015). Hannibal as Spy Chief. Leidschrift. Historisch Tijdschrift, 30(3): 2545.

  • Sintas, E. (1990). Prospección arqueológica en la Sierra Minera de La Unión. Evolución de la industria metalúrgica en la Región de Murcia. I Jornadas Técnicas, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wood, J.R.Montero Ruiz, I. (2019). Semi-refined silver for the silversmiths of the Iron age Mediterranean: a mechanism for the elusiveness of Iberian silver. Trabajos de Prehistoria, 76(2): 272285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand
The author instructions are available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Takács, László

Managing Editor(s): Krähling, Edit

Editorial Board

  • Tamás DEZSŐ (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Miklós MARÓTH (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Avicenna Institute of Middle Eastern Studies)
  • Gyula MAYER (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Classical Philology Research Group)
  • János NAGYILLÉS (University of Szeged)
  • Lajos Zoltán SIMON (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Csilla SZEKERES (University of Debrecen)
  • Kornél SZOVÁK (Pázmány Péter Catholic University)
  • Zsolt VISY (University of Pécs)

 

Advisory Board

  • Michael CRAWFORD (University College London, prof. em.)
  • Patricia EASTERLING (Newnham College, University of Cambridge, prof. em.)
  • Christian GASTGEBER (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften)
  • László HORVÁTH (Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest)
  • Patricia JOHNSTON (Brandeis University Boston, prof. em.)
  • Csaba LÁDA (University of Kent)
  • Herwig MAEHLER (prof. em.)
  • Attilio MASTROCINQUE (University of Verona)
  • Zsigmond RITOÓK (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, prof. em.)

László Takács
Acta Antiqua
Egyetem utca 1.
H-2087 Piliscsaba
Phone: (+36 26) 375 375 / 2921
E-mail: acta.antiqua.hung@gmail.com

Scopus
Current Contents - Arts and Humanities

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.1
Scimago Quartile Score

Archeology (Q4)
Classics (Q4)
Cultural Studies (Q4)
History (Q4)
Linguistics and Language (Q4)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0.1
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Classics 128/160 (20th PCTL)
History 1308/1599 (18th PCTL)
Cultural Studies 1040/1203 (13th PCTL)
Language and Linguistics 880/1001 (11th PCTL)
Linguistics and Language 956/1078 (11th PCTL)
Archeology 288/315 (8th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.002

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
5
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,1
Scimago Quartile Score Archeology (Q4)
Classics (Q4)
Cultural Studies (Q4)
History (Q4)
Linguistics and Language (Q4)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0,1
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Classics 90/139 (Q3)
History 1040/1499 (Q3)
Cultural Studies 853/1127 (Q4)
Language and Linguistics 740/968 (Q4)
Linguistics and Language 795/1032 (Q4)
Archeology 251/289 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,000

2020  
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,1
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Classics Q2
Cultural Studies Q3
History Q3
Language and Linguistics Q3
Linguistics and Language Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
17/132=0,1
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 229/273 (Q4)
Classics 78/122 (Q3)
Cultural Studies 790/1037 (Q4)
History 945/1328 (Q3)
Language and Linguistics 661/879 (Q4)
Linguistics and Language 714/935 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,032
Scopus
Cites
19
Scopus
Documents
48

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
3
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,100
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q4
Classics Q4
Cultural Studies Q4
History Q4
Language and Linguistics Q4
Linguistics and Language Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
7/112=0,1
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 37/263 (Q1)
Classics 98/114 (Q4)
Cultural Studies 843/1002 (Q4)
History 1051/1259 (Q4)
Language and Linguistics 689/830 (Q4)
Linguistics and Language 740/884 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,150
Scopus
Cites
24
Scopus
Documents
0

 

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 464 EUR / 566 USD
Print + online subscription: 532 EUR / 646 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Language English
French
(Latin)
German
Italian
Spanish
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1951
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0044-5975 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2543 (Online)