Authors: A. Rusu 1 and O. Toda 2
View More View Less
  • 1 Institute of Archaeology and Art History of the Romanian Academy M. Kogălniceanu 12-14 R0-400084 Cluj-Napoca
  • 2 “1 December 1918” University Department of History, Archaeology and Museology N. Iorga 11-13 RO-510009 Alba Iulia
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $636.00

The boat imprint unearthed at the site of the Benedictine abbey from Bizere (Frumuşeni, Romania) is a unique discovery for two reasons: its preservation as a negative imprint, due to its reuse for preparing mortar, and its dating back to the 12th century, based on the context of its discovery. It has been identified as a logboat, due to the absence of any technical details specific for plank boats, and now stands as the only vessel of this type with known dating for the territory of Romania. The article also enquires into the wider historical context of the discovery, thus bringing forth the archival data available with regard to medieval inland navigation.

  • S. J. Allen D. M. Goodburn J. M. McComish P. W. Rogers: Reused boat planking from a 13th century revetment in Doncaster South Yorkshire. MedArch 49 (2005) 281–304.

    Goodburn D M , 'Reused boat planking from a 13th century revetment in Doncaster South Yorkshire ' (2005 ) 49 MedArch : 281 -304.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gh. Anghel V. Suciu: Mărturii ale practicării plutăritului în Transilvania din antichitate, evul mediu şi perioada modernă. Rolul oraşului Alba Iulia în istoria plutăritului [Zeugnisse der Ausübung des Floßens in Siebenbürgen im Altertum, in Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit. Die Bedeutung der Stadt Alba Iulia (Karlsburg) für die Geschichte des Floßens]. Apulum 40 (2004) 367–386.

    Suciu V , 'Mărturii ale practicării plutăritului în Transilvania din antichitate, evul mediu şi perioada modernă. Rolul oraşului Alba Iulia în istoria plutăritului ' (2004 ) 40 Apulum : 367 -386.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • B. Arnold: Pirogues monoxyles d’Europe centrale: construction, typologie, évolution. 1. Archéologie Neuchâteliose 20. Neuchâtel 1995.

    Arnold B , '', in Archéologie Neuchâteliose 20 , (1995 ) -.

  • B. Arnold: Pirogues monoxyles d’Europe centrale: construction, typologie, évolution. 2. Archéologie Neuchâteliose 21. Neuchâtel 1995.

    Arnold B , '', in Archéologie Neuchâteliose 21 , (1995 ) -.

  • G. Binding N. Nussbaum: Der mittelalterliche Baubetrieb nördlich der Alpen in zeitgenössischen Darstelungen. Darmstadt 1978.

    Nussbaum N , '', in Der mittelalterliche Baubetrieb nördlich der Alpen in zeitgenössischen Darstelungen , (1978 ) -.

  • M. Botzan: Drumuri de apă [Waterways]. Bucureşti 1990.

    Botzan M , '', in Drumuri de apă [Waterways] , (1990 ) -.

  • I. Burnichioiu: Cronologia abaţiei Bizere. Bizere abbey: a chronology. In: Mănăstirea Bizere. I. Eds A. A. Rusu, I. Burnichioiu. Cluj-Napoca 2011, 119–128.

    Burnichioiu I , '', in Mănăstirea Bizere. I , (2011 ) -.

  • I. Burnichioiu A. A. Rusu: Medieval floor mosaics at Bizere Monastery. A brief survey. Transylvanian Review 20/2 (2011) 3–13.

    Rusu A A , 'Medieval floor mosaics at Bizere Monastery. A brief survey ' (2011 ) 20 Transylvanian Review : 3 -13.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • I. Chelcea: Luntrele monoxile la noi [Logboats]. RMuz 5/4 (1968) 362–366.

    Chelcea I , 'Luntrele monoxile la noi ' (1968 ) 5 RMuz : 362 -366.

  • Documente privind istoria României [Documents Regarding the History of Romania]. C. Transilvania. Veacul: XI, XII şi XIII.I (1075–1250). Bucureşti 1951.

  • Documente privind istoria României [Documents Regarding the History of Romania]. C. Transilvania. Veacul XIII. II (1251–1300). Bucureşti 1952.

  • D. Ellmers: Shipbuilding. In: Medieval Archaeology: an Encyclopaedia. Ed. P. J. Crabtree. New York-London 2001, 437–443.

    Ellmers D , '', in Medieval Archaeology: an Encyclopaedia , (2001 ) -.

  • A. Elian-N. Şerban-Tanaşoca (eds): Fontes historiae daco-romanae. III: Scriitori bizantini (sec. XI–XIV) [Fontes historiae daco-romanae. III: Byzantine writers]. Bucurecdti 1975.

  • W. Filipowiak: Die Häfen unde der Schifbau an der Odermündung im 9.–12. Jahrhundert. In: Untersuchungen zu Handel und Verker der vor- und frühgeschichtlichen Zeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropa. V.: Verkehr, Verkehrswege, Verkehrsmittel, Organisation. Hrsg. von H. Jankuhn, W. Kimmig, E. Ebel. Göttingen 1989, 351–398.

    Filipowiak W , '', in Untersuchungen zu Handel und Verker der vor- und frühgeschichtlichen Zeit in Mittel- und Nordeuropa. V.: Verkehr, Verkehrswege, Verkehrsmittel, Organisation , (1989 ) -.

  • = P. M. Florea: Transporturile în Ţara Românească (secolul XIV–XIX) [The Transportation of Walachia (14th–19th centuries)]. Bucureşti 2002.

  • C. C. Giurescu: Construcţii navale în Principatele Române în secolele al XVII-lea şi al XVIII-lea [Shipbuilding in the Romanian Principalities during the 17th and the 18th centuries]. In: Omagiu lui P. Constantinescu-Iaşi cu prilejul împlinirii a 70 de ani. Eds E. Condurachi, G. Cogniot, P. Reiman and S. Stoian. Bucureşti 1965, 317–329.

    Giurescu C C , '', in Omagiu lui P. Constantinescu-Iaşi cu prilejul împlinirii a 70 de ani , (1965 ) -.

  • G. Hutchinson: Medieval Ships and Shipping. London 1994.

    Hutchinson G , '', in Medieval Ships and Shipping , (1994 ) -.

  • P. Iambor: Drumuri şi vămi ale sării din Transilvania în perioada feudalismului timpuriu [Salt routes and toll-collection points form Transylvania during the early feudal period]. ActaMN 19 (1982) 75–85.

    Iambor P , 'Drumuri şi vămi ale sării din Transilvania în perioada feudalismului timpuriu ' (1982 ) 19 ActaMN : 75 -85.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A. IoniŢă: Aşezarea din secolele XII–XIII de la Bratei [The 12th–13th Centuries Settlement from Bratei]. Alba Iulia 2009.

    IoniŢă A. , '', in Aşezarea din secolele XII–XIII de la Bratei , (2009 ) -.

  • I. Iuraşciuc: O monoxilă neobişnuită [An unusual logboat]. RMuz 4/1 (1967) 57–58.

    Iuraşciuc I , 'O monoxilă neobişnuită ' (1967 ) 4 RMuz : 57 -58.

  • K. Juhász: Die Stifte zur Tscanader Dioceze im Mittelalter. Ein Beitrag zur Frühgeschichte und Kulturgeschichte des Banats. Münster 1927.

    Juhász K , '', in Die Stifte zur Tscanader Dioceze im Mittelalter. Ein Beitrag zur Frühgeschichte und Kulturgeschichte des Banats , (1927 ) -.

  • G. Kovach: Date cu privire la transportul sării pe Mureş în secolele X-XIII [Data on the Mureş River salt transportation during the 10th–13th centuries]. Ziridava 12 (1980) 193–200.

    Kovach G , 'Date cu privire la transportul sării pe Mureş în secolele X-XIII ' (1980 ) 12 Ziridava : 193 -200.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • D. Lichiadopol: Monoxila de la Palanca — Râfov, jud. Prahova [The logboat from Palanca — Râfov, Prahova county]. Anuarul Muzeului de Istorie şi Arheologie Prahova. Studii şi cercetări. Serie Nouă 3–4 (11–12) (2007–2008) 141–146.

    Lichiadopol D , 'Monoxila de la Palanca — Râfov, jud. Prahova ' (2007 ) 3–4 Anuarul Muzeului de Istorie şi Arheologie Prahova. Studii şi cercetări. Serie Nouă : 141 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • K. Magyar: A középkori barcsi bödönhajó feltárása és kormeghatároyása [Excavation and age determination of a medieval logboat near Barcs]. In: Az erdő és a fa régészete és néprajza. Ed.: J. Gömöri. Sopron 2007, 179–187.

    Magyar K , '', in Az erdő és a fa régészete és néprajza , (2007 ) -.

  • S. McGrail R. Switsur: Medieval Logboats. MedArch 23 (1979) 229–231.

    Switsur R , 'Medieval Logboats ' (1979 ) 23 MedArch : 229 -231.

  • S. McGrail: A Medieval logboat from the R. Calder at Stanley Ferry, Wakefield, Yorkshire. MedArch 25 (1981) 160–164.

    McGrail S , 'A Medieval logboat from the R. Calder at Stanley Ferry, Wakefield, Yorkshire ' (1981 ) 25 MedArch : 160 -164.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A. van der Moortel: The construction of a cog-like vessel in the Late Middle Ages. In: Carvel Construction Technique: Skeleton-first, Shell-first. Fifth International Symposium on Boat and Ship Archaeology, Amsterdam 1988. Eds. R. Reinder, P. Kees. Oxbow monograph 12. Oxford 1988, 42–46.

    Moortel A , '', in Carvel Construction Technique: Skeleton-first, Shell-first , (1988 ) -.

  • S. Możdzioch: Usum aquarum. Der Fluß im frühmittealterlichen Altag Schlesiens. In: Život v archeologii støedovìku. Eds. J. Kubková, J. Klápště, M. Ježek, P. Meduna et al. Praga 1997, 567–481.

    Możdzioch S , '', in Život v archeologii støedovìku , (1997 ) -.

  • W. Ossowski: Przemiany w szkutnictwie rzecznym w Polsce. Studium archeologiczne. Gdańsk 2010.

    Ossowski W , '', in Studium archeologiczne , (2010 ) -.

  • A. Pazdur M. Krąpiec A. Michczyński W. Ossowski: Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of logboats from Poland. Radiocarbon 43/2A (2001) 403–415.

    Ossowski W , 'Radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating of logboats from Poland ' (2001 ) 43 Radiocarbon : 403 -415.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • P. Pomey E. Reith: L’archéologie navale. Paris 2005.

    Reith E , '', in L’archéologie navale , (2005 ) -.

  • L. Réthy: Corpus nummorum Hungariae. I. Budapest 1899.

    Réthy L , '', in Corpus nummorum Hungariae. I , (1899 ) -.

  • A. A. Rusu D. Marta: Materialul arheologic. Vesela ceramică [Archaeological material. The ceramic tableware]. In: A. A. Rusu (ed.): Cetatea Oradea. Monografie arheologică. I: Zona palatului episcopal. Oradea 2002, 133–144.

    Marta D , '', in Cetatea Oradea. Monografie arheologică. I: Zona palatului episcopal , (2002 ) -.

  • A. A. Rusu: Componente de arhitectură şi instalaţii utilitare. Turnul cu fântână [Architectural components and utilitarian installations. The water tower]. In: Mănăstirea Bizere. I. Eds A. A. Rusu, I. Burnichioiu. Cluj-Napoca 2011, 49–60.

    Rusu A A , '', in Mănăstirea Bizere. I , (2011 ) -.

  • A. A. Rusu: Componente de arhitectură şi instalaţii utilitare. Cuptorul de pâine [Architectural components and utilitarian installations. The bread oven]. In: Mănăstirea Bizere. I. Eds A. A. Rusu, I. Burnichioiu. Cluj-Napoca 2011, 95–100.

    Rusu A A , '', in Mănăstirea Bizere. I , (2011 ) -.

  • J. Rogers: Logboats from Bohemia and Moravia, Czech Republic. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 39/2 (2010) 310–326.

    Rogers J , 'Logboats from Bohemia and Moravia, Czech Republic ' (2010 ) 39 International Journal of Nautical Archaeology : 310 -326.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • J. Rogers: Czech logboats: early inland watercraft from Bohemia and Moravia. SPFFBUM 16 (2011) 171–202.

    Rogers J , 'Czech logboats: early inland watercraft from Bohemia and Moravia ' (2011 ) 16 SPFFBUM : 171 -202.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A. Ruttkay: Waffen und Reiterausrüstung des 9. bis zur ersten Hälfte des 14. Jahrhunderts in der Slowakei (II). SlA 24/2 (1976) 245–395.

    Ruttkay A , 'Waffen und Reiterausrüstung des 9. bis zur ersten Hälfte des 14. Jahrhunderts in der Slowakei (II) ' (1976 ) 24 SlA : 245 -395.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A. Tóth: River archaeology — A new field of research. Archeometriai Műhely 1 (2006) 63–66.

    Tóth A , 'River archaeology — A new field of research ' (2006 ) 1 Archeometriai Műhely : 63 -66.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • J. A. Tóth: Adatok a kora újkori közép-Duna-medencei hajók régészetéhez [Data on the archaeology of Early Modern Age ships in the Middle Danube Basin region]. In: A középkori és a kora újkor régészete Magyarországon — Archaeology of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period in Hungary. Eds E. Benkő, Gy. Kovács. Budapest 2010, II, 871–883.

    Tóth J A , 'Adatok a kora újkori közép-Duna-medencei hajók régészetéhez ' (2010 ) II A középkori és a kora újkor régészete Magyarországon : 871 -883.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • A. Tóth: Medieval shipwreck from Ráckeve. Hungarian Archaeology Spring 2013 (2013) 1–2.

    Tóth A , 'Medieval shipwreck from Ráckeve ' (2013 ) 2013 Hungarian Archaeology Spring : 1 -2.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • D. Ţeicu: Geografia ecleziastică a Banatului medieval (Ecclesiastical Geography of Medieval Banat). Reşiţa 2007.

    Ţeicu D , '', in Geografia ecleziastică a Banatului medieval , (2007 ) -.

  • J. de Wavrin: Anchiennes croniques d’Engleterre. Dupont Edition 2. Paris 1859.

    Wavrin J , '', in Anchiennes croniques d’Engleterre , (1859 ) -.

  • G. Wenzel (ed.): Codex diplomaticus Arpadianus continuatus. Árpádkori új okmánytár. 11. Budapest 1873.

  • F. Zimmermann-C.Werner (Hrsg.): Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der Deutschen in Siebenbürgen. Erster Band: 1191 bis 1342. Hermannstadt 1892.