View More View Less
  • I Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre for the Humanities, Institute of Archaeology, 4 Tóth Kálmán u., H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
  • | II Szent István University, 1–3 Szabadság út, H-5540 Szarvas, Hungary
  • | III Babeș-Bolyai University, 1 Mihail Kogălniceanu, 400048 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • | IV University of Szeged, 2–6 Egyetem u., H-6722 Szeged, Hungary
  • | V Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, 4 Calea Turzii, 400112 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • | VI Laboratory of Environmental Studies, Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 18/C Bem tér, H-4025 Debrecen, Hungary
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $636.00

The medieval market-town of Sic (Szék in Hungarian) was an important Transylvanian settlement due to its remarkable salt mining. The impact of the mining activities on the environment and the history of water management were investigated based on a palaeoecological study, performed on the large Reedbed of Sic (Stufărişurile/Nádas-tó). We found that in the last 3000 years the anthropogenic impact has been continuous in the territory, but the types and intensity of the disturbances changed with time. The most notable environmental transitions took place after 1000 AD, suggesting a significant intensification of salt mining. Forest cover significantly drop, but salt concentration and the frequency of halophytic species in the investigated marshland increased during the Late Middle Ages. The dominance of halophytic marshland species reached their peak in the 17th century. This coincides with the apogee of mining activities and human lake management. The most remarkable deforestation occurred in the 18th century, when the present-day landscape with negligible forest cover was developed.

  • Bennett–Willis 2001 =

    K. D. BennettK. J. Willis: Pollen. In: Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. III.: Terrestrial, Algal and Siliceous Indicators. Eds: J. P. Smol, H. J. B. Birks, W. M. Last. Dordrecht 2001, 532.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Biszaket al. 2017 =

    E. BiszakS. BiszakG. TimárD. NagyG. Molnár: Historical topographic and cadastral maps of Europe in spotlight. In: Proceedings 12th ICA Conference “Digital Approaches to Cartographic Heritage”, Venice, 26–28 April 2017. Ed.: E. Livieratos. Auth CartoLab, Thessaloniki 2017, 204208.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bradley–Hughes–Diaz 2003 =

    R. S. BradleyM. K. HughesH. F. Diaz: Climate in Medieval Time. Science 302 (2003) 404405.

  • Bradley–Jonest 1993 =

    R. S. BradleyP. D. Jonest: ‘Little Ice Age’ summer temperature variations: their nature and relevance to recent global warming trends. The Holocene 3 (1993) 367376.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun–Sümegi–Szűcs–Szöőr 1990 =

    Gy. BraunP. SümegiL. SzűcsGy. Szöőr: A kállósemjéni Nagy-Mohos láp fejlődéstörténete. Lápképződés emberi hatásra és az ősláp hipotézis (The development of Nagy-Mohos fen at Kállósemjén. Human induced fen formation and the relic fen hypothesis). JAMÉ 33–35 (1990) 335366.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Budui–Perşoiu 2014 =

    V. BuduiI. Perşoiu: Recognition and interpretation of paleosols sequences in a floodplain from the low tableland of Transylvania Depression, Romania. Late Pleistocene and Holocene Climatic Variability in the Carpathian-Balkan Region. Georeview 24 (2014) 1617.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Coldeaet al. 1997 =

    G. ColdeaV. SandaA. PopescuN. Ştefan: Les associations végétales de Roumanie. 1.: Les associations herbacées naturalles (Plant associations of Romania. 1.: Non forest associations). Cluj 1997.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cristea–Başnou–Puşcaş 2009 =

    V. CristeaC. BaşnouM. Puşcaş: Caracterizarea florei şi vegetaţiei [Characterization of flora and fauna]. In: Monografia comunei Ţaga (jud. Cluj, România). Ed. I. Mârza. Cluj-Napoca 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Csűrös 1973 =

    I. Csűrös: Az erdélyi Mezőség élővilágáról [About the Wildlife of the Transylvanian Mezőség]. Kolozsvár 1973.

  • Dean 1974 =

    W. E. Dean: Determination of carbonate and organic matter in calcareous sediments and sedimentary rocks by loss on ignition: comparison with other methods. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 44 (1974) 242248.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Descroix–Gautier 2002 =

    L. DescroixE. Gautier: Water erosion in the southern French Alps: climatic and human mechanisms. Catena 50 (2002) 5385.

  • Doniţăet al. 2005 =

    N. DoniţăA. PopescuM. Paucă-ComănescuS. MihăilescuI.A. Biriş: Habitatele din România (Habitats of Romania). Bucureşti 2005.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Draskóczy 2014 =

    I. Draskóczy: A kősó bányászat átalakulása Erdélyben az Árpád-korban [The transformation of rock salt mining in Transylvania in the Árpád era]. In: Arcana tabularii: Tanulmányok Solymosi László tiszteletére I–II. Ed. A. Bárány, G. Dreska, K. Szovák. Debrecen 2014, 825835.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Entz 1996 =

    G. Entz: Erdély építészete a 14–16. században [Transylvanian Architecture in the 14th–16th centuries]. Kolozsvár 1996. Entz–K.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sebestyén 1947 =

    G. EntzJ. K. Sebestyén: A széki református templom [The Reformed Church in Szék]. Kolozsvár 1947.

  • Farkas 2007 =

    Cs. Farkas: Kutatástörténeti és terepbejárási adatok Szék község (Sic, Kolozs megye) régészeti topográfiájához (Data on the archaeological researches in the village of Szék/Sic, Cluj County, Romania). Dolgozatok az Erdélyi Múzeum Egyesület Érem- és Régiségtárából. Új sorozat 2 (2007) 97103.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Farkas–Kiss 2008 =

    Cs. Fark as–A. Kiss: Egy mezőségi település, Szék (Sic) történeti tájhasználata (Historical land use of a settlement in the Mezőség area: Szék/Sic – Romania). In: A táj változásai a Kárpát-medencében. Az erdélyi táj változásai (Landscape Changes in the Carpathian Basin. Changes of the Transylvanian landscape). Ed. Gy. Füleky. Gödöllő 2008, 6267.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdeanet al. 2007 =

    A. FeurdeanV. MosburggerB. P. OnacV. PolyakD. Veres: Younger Dryas to mid-Holocene environmental history of the lowlands of NW Transylvania, Romania. Quaternary Research 68 (2007) 364378.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdeanet al.2008 =

    A. FeurdeanS. Klotz–V. Mosbr ugg er–B. Wohlfarth: Pollen-based quantitative reconstructions of Holocene climate variability in NW Romania. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 260/3–4 (2008) 494504.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdeanet al. 2011 =

    A. FeurdeanI. TanţăuS. Fărcaş: Holocene variability in the range distribution and abundance of Pinus, Picea abies, and Quercus in Romania; implications for their current status. Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (21–22) (2011) 30603075.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdeanet al. 2013 =

    A. FeurdeanS.A. BhagwatK. J. WillisH. J. B. BirksH. LischkeT. Hickler: Tree migrationrates: narrowing the gap between inferred post-glacial rates and projected rates. PLoS One 8 (2013) 8. e71797.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdeanet al. 2015 =

    A. FeurdeanE. MarinovaA. B. Nielsen–J. Liakk a–D. VeresS. M. HutchinsonM. BraunA. Timar-GaborC. AstalosV. MosburggerT. Hickler: Origin of the forest steppe and exceptional grassland diversity in Transylvania (Central-Eastern Europe). Journal of Biogeography 42/5 (2015) 951963.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Feurdean–Willis 2008 =

    A. FeurdeanK. J. Willis: Longterm variability of Abies alba in NW Romania: implications for its conservation management. Diversity and Distributions 14/6 (2008) 10041017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gehrels–van de Plassche 1999 =

    W. R. Gehr els–O. van de Plass che: The use of Jadammina macrescens (Brady) and Balticammina pseudomacrescens Brönnimann and Whittaker (Protozoa: Foraminifera) as sea-level-indicators. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 149/1–4 (1999) 89101.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Györffy 1987 =

    Gy. Györffy: Geographia historica Hungariae tempore stirpis Arpadianae – Az Árpád-kori Magyarország történeti földrajza. II. Budapest 1987.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hanson 2009 =

    W.S. Hanson(ed.): The Army and Frontiers of Rome. Papers Offered to David J. Breeze on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday and his Retirement from Historic Scotland. Portsmouth 2009.

  • Horváth 2002 =

    G. Horváth: Eltűntnek hitt egykori premontrei prépostság az erdélyi Mezőségen [A disappeared Premonstratensian provosty in the Transylvanian Mezőség]. In: Regnum. Magyar Egyháztörténeti Vázlatok. Essays in Church History in Hungary 14/1–4 (2002) 521.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jacomet 2002 =

    S. JacometD. KučanA. RitterG. SuterA. Hagendorn: Punica granatum L.(pomegranates) from early Roman contexts in Vindonissa (Switzerland). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 11/1–2 (2002) 7992.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jakab–Sümegi–Magyari 2004 =

    G. JakabP. SümegiE. Magyari: A new paleobotanical method for the description of Late Quaternary organic sediments (Mire-development pathways and palaeoclimatic records from S Hungary). Acta Geologica Hungarica 47/4 (2004) 137.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jakó 1990 =

    Zs. Jakó: A kolozsmonostori konvent jegyzőkönyvei (1289–1556). I–II. (The Protocols of the Convent from Kolozsmonostor, 1289–1556). Budapest 1990.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jakó 1997 =

    Zs. Jakó: Erdélyi Okmánytár – Codex Diplomaticus Transsylvaniae. I. Budapest 1997.

  • Jakó 2004 =

    Zs. Jakó: Erdélyi Okmánytár – Codex Diplomaticus Transsylvaniae. II. Budapest 2004.

  • Kádár 1903 =

    J. Kádár: Szolnok-Dobokavármegye monographiája [The Monography of County Szolnok- Doboka]. VI. Deés 1903.

  • Krézsek–Bally 2006 =

    C. KrézsekA.W. Bally: The Transylvanian Basin (Romania) and its relation to the Carpathian fold and thrust belt: Insights in gravitational salt tectonics. Marine and Petroleum Geology 23/4 (2006) 405446.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Krézsek–Filipescu 2005 =

    Cs. KrézsekS. Filipescu: Middle to late Miocene sequence stratigraphy of the Transylvanian Basin (Romania). Tectonophysics 410/1–4 (2005) 437463.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Macet al. 1987 =

    I. MacP. DanV. SorocovschiA. MaierN. Ciangă: Depresiunea Transilvaniei (Transylvanian Basin). In: Geografia României. III.: Carpaţii Româneşti şi Depresiunea Transilvaniei. Eds: D. Oancea, V. Velcea, N. Caloianu, Ş. Dragomirescu, Gh. Dragu, E. Mihai, Gh. Niculescu, V. Sencu, I. Velcea. Bucureşti 1987.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pfister–Brázdil 1999 =

    C. PfisterR. Brázdil: Climatic variability in sixteenth-century Europe and its social dimension: A synthesis. Climatic Change 43 (1999) 553.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pfister 1999 =

    C. Pfister: Wetternachhersage: 500 Jahre Klimavariationen und Naturkatastrophen (1496–1995). Bern 1999.

  • Pop–Cristea–Hodişan 2002 =

    I. PopV. CristeaI. Hodişan: Vegetaţia judeţului Cluj (Studiu fitocenologic, ecologic, bioeconomic şi eco-protectiv) [The vegetation of county Cluj. Fitocenological, ecological, bioeconomical and eco-protective studies]. Contribuţii Botanice 35 (1999–2000) 5256.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Popet al. 1983 =

    I. PopV. CristeaI. HodisanO. Raţiu: Studii biologice asupra florei şi vegetaţiei din zona lacurilor de la Ocna Dej şi Sic, jud. Cluj (Biological studies on flora and vegetation from the lakes zona of Ocna Dej and Sic, Cluj District). Contribuţii Botanice 1983, 4563

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Răileanu–Saulea 1968 =

    G. RăileanuE. Saulea: Harta geologică a Republicii Socialiste România, scara 1:200.000. Foaia 10. Cluj, L-34-XII. (Geological map of the Romanian Socialist Republic 1:200.000, Sheet 10). Bucureşti 1968.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Repertoriu 1992 =

    I. H. CrișanM. BărbulescuE. ChirilăV. VasilievI. Winkler (red.): Repertoriul arheologic al judeţului Cluj [Archaeological Repertory of County Cluj]. Cluj 1992.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Revsbechet al. 1983 =

    N. P. RevsbechB. B. JorgensenT. H. BlackburnY. Cohen: Microelectrode studies of the photosynthesis and O2, H2S, and pH profiles of a microbial mat. Limnology and Oceanography 28/6 (1983) 10621074.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sanda–Öllerer–Burescu 2008 =

    V. SandaK. ÖllererP. Burescu: Fitocenozele din România. Sintaxonomie, structură, dinamică și evoluție (Plant associations of Romaia. Syntaxonomy, structure, dynamics and evolution). București 2008.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Scott–Medioli 1978 =

    D. B. ScottF.S. Medioli: Verica zonations of marsh foraminifera as accurate indicators of former sea-levels. Nature 272 (1978) 528531.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stockmarr 1971 =

    J. Stockmarr: Tablets with spores used in absolute pollen analysis. Pollen et Spores 13 (1971) 614621.

  • Sümegi 2001 =

    P. Sümegi: A negyedidőszak földtanának és őskörnyezettanának alapjai (Fundamentals of Quaternary Geology and Palaeoecology). Szeged 2001.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sümegiet al. 2015 =

    P. SümegiK. NáfrádiD. MolnárSz. Sávai: Results of paleoecological studies in the loess region of Szeged-Öthalom (SE Hungary). Quaternary International 372 (2015) 6678.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Szabó 2007 =

    A. T. Szabó: Erdélyi Történeti Helynévgyűjtés. Szolnok-Doboka megye [Transylvanian Historical Toponymy, County Szolnok-Doboka]. Budapest 2007.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sztripszky 1903 =

    H. Sztripszky: Adatok Erdély őshalászatához. II.: A mezőségi tavak őshalászata (Data to the ancient fishery of Transylvania. 2.: Ancient fishery in the Mezőség region). NÉrt 4 (1903) 158196.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanţăuet al. 2006 =

    I. TanţăuM. ReilleJ.L. de BeaulieuS. Fărcaş: Late Glacial and Holocene vegetation history in the southern part of Transylvania (Romania): pollen analysis of two sequences from Avrig. Journal of Quaternary Science 21/1 (2006) 4961.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanţăuet al. 2009 =

    I. TanţăuM. ReilleJ.L. de BeaulieuS. FărcaşS. Brewer: Holocene vegetation history in Romanian Subcarpathians. Quaternary Research 72 (2009) 164173.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tanţăuet al. 2011 =

    I. TanţăuA. FeurdeanJ. L. de BeaulieuM. ReilleS. Fărcaş: Holocene vegetation history in the upper forest belt of the Eastern Romanian Carpathians. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 309 (2011) 281290.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thomas 2008 =

    R. Thomas: Feeding the Roman Army: the Archaeology of production and supply in NW Europe. Oxford 2008.

  • Troels-Smith 1955 =

    J. Troels-Smith: Karakterisering af lose jordater (Characterization of unconsolidated sediments). Danmarks Geologiske Undersogelse 4/3 (1955) 173.

  • Vereşet al. 2014 =

    D. VereşM. S. HutchinsonA. HaliucA. FrantiuA. Feurdean: Rapid shifts in environmental conditions inferred from geochemical analyses of Lake Știucii lacustrine record, Transylvanian Lowlands, Romania. Late Pleistocene and Holocene climatic variability in the Carpathian-Balkan Region. Georeview 24 (2014) 181183.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williset al. 1995 =

    K. J. WillisP. SümegiM. BraunA. Tóth: The Late Quaternary environmental history of Bátorliget, N. E. Hungary. Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Palaeogeography 118 (1995) 2547.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williset al. 1998 =

    K. J. WillisP. SümegiM. BraunK. D. BennettA. Tóth: Prehistoric land degradation in Hungary: who, how and why? Antiquity 72 (1998) 101113.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wollmann 1996 =

    V. Wollmann: Mineritul metalifer, extragerea sării şi carierele de piatră în Dacia romană – Der Erzbergbau, die Salzgewinnung und die Steinbrüche im römischen Dakien. Cluj-Napoca/Klausenburg 1996.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zolitschka–Behre–Schneider 2003 =

    B. ZolitschkaK.E. BehreJ. Schneider: Human and climatic impact on the environment as derived from colluvial, fluvial and lacustrine archives – examples from the Bronze Age to the Migration period, Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 22/1 (2003) 81100.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: 
Elek BENKŐ
Dénes GABLER

Editorial Board

  • Csanád BÁLINT (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont Régészeti Intézet)
  • Ádám BOLLÓK (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont Régészeti Intézet)
  • Miklós SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • Gabriella KULCSÁR (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)
  • Gilbert KAENEL (Musée cantonal d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de Lausanne)
  • Janusz K. KOZŁOWSKI (Uniwersytet Jagiellonska, Krakow)
  • Falko DAIM (Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
  • Judit SOLTI (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)

 

ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA
Tóth Kálmán u. 4.
H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 375 9011
Fax: (36 1) 224 6719
gabler.denes@abtk.hu

 

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Scopus

 

2020  
Scimago
H-index
7
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,138
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
13/63=0,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 198/273 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 205/295 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,176
Scopus
Cites
40
Scopus
Documents
20

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,174
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q2
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
20/59=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 150/263 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 152/278 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,238
Scopus
Cites
31
Scopus
Documents
15

 

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription: 544 EUR / 680 USD
Print + online subscription: 628 EUR / 784 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1951
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0001-5210 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2551 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Aug 2021 5 0 0
Sep 2021 3 0 0
Oct 2021 3 0 0
Nov 2021 4 2 1
Dec 2021 8 0 0
Jan 2022 5 3 1
Feb 2022 0 0 0