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  • * Research Centre for the Humanities, Institute of Archaeology Tóth Kálmán str 4, H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
  • ** University of Szeged, Department of Geology and Palaeontology Egyetem, Str 2–6, H-6722 Szeged, Hungary
  • *** Szent István University, Institute of Irrigation and Water Management Szabadság, Str 1–3, H-5540 Szarvas, Hungary
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Abstract

The study aims to contribute to the medieval environmental history of the eastern periphery of the Transylvanian Plain (Câmpia Transilvaniei/Mezőség). With the help of archaeological and historical data and the multi-aspect analysis of undisturbed core sequences, the economic life of the Pauline Monastery founded in the 14th century near Sâncraiu de Mureş (Marosszentkirály) and the surrounding villages was investigated. The multidisciplinary research focuses on the paleochannels of the Mureş and the artificial watercourses (ditches) that branch off the river, and the mills built on them. The work also provides new data on the general environmental changes in the middle course of the Mureş river during the Middle Ages and the early modern period, which are largely due to the very intense human activity here.

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