View More View Less
  • 1 Vienna Institute for Archaeological Science (VIAS), Research Network Human Evolution & Archaeological Sciences (HEAS), University of Vienna, Franz-Klein-Gasse 1, 1190Wien, Austria
  • | 2 Department of Evolutionary Anthropology, Research Network Human Evolution & Archaeological Sciences (HEAS), University of Vienna, Djerassiplatz 1, 1030Wien, Austria
Restricted access

Abstract

Bioarchaeology can contribute to interdisciplinary research on the social organization of the Avar Empire (568 AD to around 800 AD) by providing information on the health, lifestyle and habitual activity patterns of Avar populations, thus offering an important, additional perspective to traditional archaeological methods focusing on material culture. The so-called horse riding syndrome refers to a combination of changes on the human skeleton, which may indicate that the individual in question practised horse riding as a habitual activity during his or her lifetime. The aim of this paper is to identify potential differences in habitual horse riding activity between different socioeconomic groups within the adult male population of the Avar cemetery of Wien 11-Csokorgasse, using a major criterion of the horse riding syndrome (namely the ovalization or vertical elongation of the acetabulum) and an indicator of social status in burials of Avar men (namely the depth of burial). The sample included only males (age group adult or older) with at least one completely preserved acetabulum (n = 38 for the left acetabulum, n = 40 for the right acetabulum). The ovalization of the acetabulum was determined using a basic measurement method, the Index of Ovalization of Acetabulum (IOA). The sample was divided into two groups according to depth of burial: The “high-status” group included the skeletal material of adult male individuals with a depth of burial of 1.00 m or more. The “low-status” group included the skeletal material of adult male individuals with a depth of burial less than 1.00 m. We observed highly significant differences regarding the ovalization of the acetabulum between “high-status” and “low-status” adult males. This may reflect considerable variation in lifestyle and/or habitual activity patterns between these two groups, which could suggest differences regarding the prevalence of habitual horse riding between “high-status” and “low-status” adult males. Hence, using a major criterion of the “horse riding syndrome” – the “ovalization” of the acetabulum – we may have identified a group of “high-status” Avar warriors, whose way of life appears to have differed from that of the “lower-status” male population buried in the Avar-period cemetery of Wien 11-Csokorgasse.

  • Anđelinović, S. , Anterić, I. , Škorić, E. , and Bašić, Z. (2015). Skeleton changes induced by horse riding on medieval skeletal remains from Croatia. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 32(5): 708721.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bálint, Cs. (1989). Die Archäologie der Steppe. Steppenvölker zwischen Volga und Donau vom 6. bis zum 10. Jahrhundert. Böhlau Verlag, Wien and Köln.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baron, H. (2018). Quasi liber et pictura. Die Tierknochenfunde aus dem Gräberfeld an der Wiener Csokorgasse – eine anthrozoologische Studie zu den awarischen Bestattungssitten. Monographien des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 143. Verlag Schnell und Steiner, Regensburg.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bede, I. (2012). The status of horses in late Avar-period society in the Carpathian Basin. In: Annaert, R. , De Groote, K. , Hollevoet, Y.(†) , Theuws, F. , Tys, D. , and Verslype, L. (Eds.), The very beginning of Europe? Cultural and social Dimensions of Early Medieval Migration and Colonisation (5th–8th century). Archaeology in Contemporary Europe Conference, Brussels May 17–19 2011. Relicta monografieën, 7. Flanders Heritage Agency, Brüssels, pp. 4150.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Belcastro, M.G. , Facchini, F. , Neri, R. , and Mariotti, V. (2001). Skeletal markers of activity in the early Middle Ages necropolis of Vicenne-Campochiaro (Molise, Italy). Journal of Paleopathology, 13(3): 920.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Berthon, W. , Tihanyi, B. , Kis, L. , Révész, L. , Coqueugniot, H. , Dutour, O. , and Pálfi, G. (2018). Horse riding and the shape of the acetabulum. Insights from the bioarchaeological analysis of early Hungarian mounted archers (10th century). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 28: 110. https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2723.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Čilinská, Z. (1990). Die awarenzeitlichen Frauengräber mit Pferdebestattung in der Slowakei. In: Vadas, F. , (Ed.), International Conference on Early Middle Ages = Internationale Konferenz über das Frühmittelalter. Wosinsky Mór Múzeum Évkönyve, 15. Mosinsky Mór Megyei Múzeum, Szekszárd, 135146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Csáky, V. , Gerber, D. , Koncz, I. , Csiky, G. , Mende, B.G. , Szeifert, B. , Egyed, B. , Pamjav, H. , Marcsik, A. , Molnár, E. , Pál, Gy. , Gulyás, A. , Kovacsóczy, B. , Lezsák, G.M. , Lőrinczy, G. , Szécsényi-Nagy, A. , and Vida, T. (2020). Genetic insights into the social organisation of the Avar period elite in the 7th century AD Carpathian Basin. Scientific Report, 10(948): 114. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-57378-8.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Daim, F. (1987). Das awarische Gräberfeld von Leobersdorf, Niederösterreich. Studien zur Archäologie der Awaren 3. Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Daim, F. (2003). Avars and Avar archaeology – an introduction. In: Goetz, H.-W. , Jarnut, J. , and Pohl, W. (Eds.), Regna and Gentes. The relationship between late antique and early medieval peoples and kingdoms in the transformation of the Roman world. Transformation of the Roman world, 13. Brill, Leiden and Boston, pp. 463570.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dennis, G. T. (1984). Maurice’s Strategikon. Handbook of military strategy. Middle Ages series. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Erickson, J.D. , Lee, D.V. , and Bertram, J.E.A. (2000). Fourier analysis of acetabular shape in native American Arikara populations before and after acquisition of horses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 132: 473480.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Großschmidt, K. (1990). Paläopathologische Untersuchungen an den menschlichen Skeletten des awarenzeitlichen Gräberfeldes Csokorgasse in Wien-Simmering – Schmelzhypoplasien, Cribrosierungen und Harris’sche Linien als Streßindikatoren. Dissertation, Universität Wien.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hyland, A. (1996). The medieval warhorse from Byzantium to the Crusades. Grange Books, London.

  • Pearson, O.M. and Lieberman, D.E. (2004). The aging of Wolff’s „Law“. Ontogeny and responses to mechanical loading in cortical bone. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 47: 6399.

    • Crossref
    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Radi, N. , Mariotti, V. , Riga, A. , Zampetti, S. , Villa, C. , and Belcastro, M.G. (2013). Variation of the anterior aspect of the femoral head-neck junction in a modern human identified skeletal collection. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 152: 261272.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Streinz, L. (1977). Wien 11 – Csokorgasse. Fundberichte aus Österreich, 16: 475531.

  • Streinz, L. and Daim, F. (2018). Zur Belegungschronologie der Nekropole von Wien 11 – Csokorgasse. In: Baron, H. (Ed.), Quasi liber et pictura. Die Tierknochenfunde aus dem Gräberfeld an der Wiener Csokorgasse – eine anthrozoologische Studie zu den awarischen Bestattungssitten. Monographien des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 143. Verlag Schnell und Steiner, Regensburg. pp. 615626.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tarcsay, G. (2013). Die Reiterbestattungen des awarischen Gräberfelds von Vösendorf. Unpublizierte Diplomarbeit, Universität Wien.

  • Trugly, S. (1987). Gräberfeld aus der Zeit des awarischen Reiches bei der Schiffswerft in Komárno. Slovenská archeológia, 35(2): 252344.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

 

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: 
Elek BENKŐ
Dénes GABLER

Editorial Board

  • Csanád BÁLINT (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont Régészeti Intézet)
  • Ádám BOLLÓK (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont Régészeti Intézet)
  • Miklós SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Régészettudományi Intézet)
  • Gabriella KULCSÁR (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)
  • Gilbert KAENEL (Musée cantonal d'Archéologie et d'Histoire de Lausanne)
  • Janusz K. KOZŁOWSKI (Uniwersytet Jagiellonska, Krakow)
  • Falko DAIM (Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum, Mainz)
  • Judit SOLTI (Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Régészeti Intézet)

 

ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA
Tóth Kálmán u. 4.
H-1097 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 375 9011
Fax: (36 1) 224 6719
gabler.denes@abtk.hu

 

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Scopus

 

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
8
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,143
Scimago Quartile Score Archeology (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) (Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0,3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Archeology (Arts & Humanities) 208/335 (Q3)
Archeology (Social Sciences) 194/289 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,665

2020  
Scimago
H-index
7
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,138
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
13/63=0,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 198/273 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 205/295 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,176
Scopus
Cites
40
Scopus
Documents
20

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,174
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q2
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
20/59=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 150/263 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 152/278 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,238
Scopus
Cites
31
Scopus
Documents
15

 

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2022 Online subsscription: 544 EUR / 680 USD
Print + online subscription: 628 EUR / 784 USD
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 560 EUR / 680 USD
Print + online subscription: 646 EUR / 784 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1951
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0001-5210 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2551 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jan 2022 0 0 0
Feb 2022 0 0 0
Mar 2022 0 0 0
Apr 2022 0 0 0
May 2022 0 0 0
Jun 2022 83 13 22
Jul 2022 4 0 0