Author:
Radu Ota National Museum of the Union, Alba Iulia, 12–14 Mihai Viteazul Street, RO 510010, Alba Iulia, Romania

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Abstract

In this paper, the author draws the attention of experts to a new glyphic discovery from Apulum. It is a schematic portrait of the Gorgon Medusa, depicted on a three-layered sardonyx. Based on parallels and the manufacturing technique, the author concludes that the piece originates from the workshops of Viminacium, Upper Moesia. The cameo is dated in the second half of the second century AD, prior the time when the canabae of the XIII Gemina legion rose to the status of municipium (ante AD 197). It is the only glyptic piece that bears the image of Medusa that's Dacian origin is certain. From an artistic point of view, it is a modest quality of execution, below the average provincial level. Furthermore, the author makes some remarks on the gems found in the collections of the National Museum of the Union in Alba Iulia, with a few additions and clarifications regarding the place of discovery and the possibility of the existence of a workshop of cavatores gemmarum at Apulum.

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  • Ardevan, R. (1998). Viaţa municipală în Dacia romană [Municipal life in Roman Dacia]. Timişoara.

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  • Băluţă, C.L. (2004). Cărămizile ştampilate din colecţia Fehér [Stamped bricks from Fehér collection]. Apulum. Acta Musei Apulensis (Iaşi) ,41: 301307.

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  • Buora, M. (2012). Qualche considerazione sugli oggetti di lusso ad Apulum. A proposito di una recente mostra e del suo catalogo. Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica, 18: 281300.

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  • Dimitrova-Milčeva, A. (1980). Antike Gemmen und Kameen aus dem Archäologischen Nationalmuseum in Sofia. Sofia.

  • Furtwängler, A. (1964). Die Antiken Gemmen. Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst im Klassischen Altertum, I. Amsterdam, Osnabrueck.

  • Furtwängler, A. (1965). Die Antiken Gemmen. Geschichte der Steinschneidekunst im Klassischen Altertum, II–III. Amsterdam, Osnabrueck.

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  • Gramatopol, M. (2011). Geme şi camee din colecţia Cabinetului Numismatic al Bibliotecii Academiei Române [Gems and cameos from the Numismatic Cabinet of the Romanian Academy Library], 2nd edition. Braşov.

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  • Hadiji Vasinca, M. (2007). Prelucrarea pietrelor semipreţioase în Dacia romană [The processing of semiprecious stones in Roman Dacia]. Bibliotheca Historica et Archaeologica Universitatis Timisiensis, 8: 201206.

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  • Hamat, A.-C. (2010). Gemele din Dacia romană între modă, economie şi religie [The gemstones from Roman Dacia between fashion, economy and religion]. Bibliotheca Historica et Archaeologica Universitatis Timisiensis, 12: 223250.

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  • Hamat, A.-C. (2017). Imaginea nemuritoare a frumuseţii. Gemele descoperite în aria municipiului roman Tibiscum (jud. Caraş-Severin) [The immortal image of beauty. The gemstones found in the area of Roman municipium Tibiscum]. In: Forțiu, S. (Ed.), Arheovest. Interdisciplinaritate în arheologie şi istorie, V: in Honorem prof. univ. emerit Doina Benea, Timişoara, 25 noiembrie 2017, 1: Arheologie. Szeged, pp. 417437.

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  • Hamat, A.-C. and Kovacs, A. (2020). A Roman cameo with the representation of Gorgo Medusa from the collection of Botoșani County Museum. Banatica, 30: 399412.

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  • IDR III/6 Băluţă, Cl.L. (Ed.) (1999). Inscripţiile Daciei Romane, vol. III/6: Dacia superior [The inscriptions of Roman Dacia, 3: Dacia superior]. Bucureşti.

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  • Inel, C. (2007). Alba Iulia, Punct: Dealul Furcilor (proprietatea Elena Dora Rus, str. N. Labiş, f.n.) [Alba Iulia, the research point: the Fork Hill (Elena Dora Rus property) N. Labiş Street]. Cronica cercetărilor arheologice, Campagnie, 2006: 6162. (archaeological report).

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  • Lux, Bounegru, G., Ciobanu, R., Ota, R., and Anghel, D. (2011). Lux, util şi estetic la Apulum. Podoabe şi accesorii vestimentare. Catalog de expoziţie [Luxury, useful and aesthetic. Adornments and clothing accessories. Exhibition catalogue]. Alba Iulia.

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  • Moga, V. (1998). Castrul roman de la Apulum [The Roman camp from Apulum]. Cluj-Napoca.

  • Ota, R. (2012). De la canabele legiunii a XIII-a Gemina la Municipium Septimium Apulense [From canabae legionis XIII Gemina to Municipium Septimium Apulense]. Alba Iulia.

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  • Ota, R. and Lascu, I. (2011). Cercetări arheologice în canabae legionis XIII Geminae/Municipium Septimium Apulense – sectorul estic [Archaeological researches in canabae legionis XIII Geminae/Municipium Septimium Apyulense – the eastern area]. Acta Musei Porolissensis, 33: 205224.

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  • Petolescu, C.C. (2000). Dacia şi Imperiul Roman. De la Burebista până la sfârşitul Antichităţii [Dacia and Roman Empire. From Burebista to the end of Antiquity]. Bucureşti.

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  • Popović, I. (1989). Les camées romains au Musée national de Beograd. Antiquité/Musée national de Beograd, 5. Belgrade.

  • Riha, E. (1990). Der römische Schmuck aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. Forschungen in Augst, 10. Augst.

  • Ţeposu-David, L. (1960). Gemele şi cameele din Muzeul arheologic din Cluj [The gemstones and cameos in the Archaeological Museum of Cluj]. In: Omagiu lui Constantin Daicoviciu cu prilejul împlinirii a 60 de ani [Homage to Constantin Daicoviciu on his 60th birthday]. Academia Republicii Populare Romîne, Bucureşti, pp. 525534.

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  • Ţeposu-David, L. (1965). Colecţia de geme a Muzeului Brukenthal din Sibiu [The gemstone collection of Brukenthal Museum from Sibiu]. Studii şi Comunicări Brukenthal, 12: 83120.

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  • Ţeposu-Marinescu, L., and Lakó, E. (1973). Catalogul colecţiei de geme romane [The collection catalogue of Roman gemstones]. Zalău.

  • Tudor. D. (1967). Pietre gravate descoperite la Romula [The engraved stones found at Romula]. Apulum. Acta Musei Apulensis ,6: 209229.

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2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
9
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.244
Scimago Quartile Score

Archeology (Q2)
Archeology (arts and humanities) (Q2)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0.5
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Archeology (arts and humanities) 179/368 (51st PCTL)
Archeology 175/315 (44th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.573

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
8
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,143
Scimago Quartile Score Archeology (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) (Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0,3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Archeology (Arts & Humanities) 208/335 (Q3)
Archeology (Social Sciences) 194/289 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,665

2020  
Scimago
H-index
7
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,138
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q3
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
13/63=0,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 198/273 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 205/295 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,176
Scopus
Cites
40
Scopus
Documents
20

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
6
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,174
Scimago
Quartile Score
Archeology Q2
Archeology (arts and humanities) Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
20/59=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Archeology 150/263 (Q3)
Archeology (arts and humanities) 152/278 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,238
Scopus
Cites
31
Scopus
Documents
15

 

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Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
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