View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Building Mathematics and Engineering Geology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics H-1111 Budapest, Műegyetem rkp. 3, Hungary
Restricted access

The understanding of fracture has tended to follow great public disasters (e.g. over 200 US ships suffered due to catastrophic failure during WW II, later several jet air-craft damaged, destroying some bridges and buildings, etc). Rock fracture mechanics dates back to early 60-s and its application to rock  blast problems, collapses deep gold mines in South Africa, earthquake disasters, etc. Pure shear mode (Mode I) or mixed tension and shear mode (Mode I and II) fracturing are the most important in rock mechanics and geophysics. The goal of this paper is to summarize the existing fracture criteria and the observed crack growth firstly from single flaws, secondly from multiply (two) flaws. Analysing the fracture propagations different types of coalescence can be determined and classified. Using these modelling and analysing the observed patterns, for example we could forecast the new failures after the earthquakes or calculating the stability of rock slopes, etc.

  • Awaji H, Sato S 1978: J. Eng. Mat. Techn., 100, 175-172.

    () 100 J. Eng. Mat. Techn. : 175 -172.

  • Bobet A 1997: Fracture coalescence in rock materials: experimental observations and numerical predictions. PhD thesis, MIT

  • Wang R, Zhao Y, Chen Y, Yan H, Yin Y, Yao C, Zhang H 1987: Tectonophys., 144, 141-150.

    () 144 Tectonophys. : 141 -150.

  • Wong R H C, Chau K T 1998: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci., 35, 147-164.

    () 35 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. : 147 -164.

  • Wu E M 1967: ASME J. Appl. Mech., 34, 967-974.

    () 34 ASME J. Appl. Mech. : 967 -974.

  • Yehia N A B 1985: Eng. Fract. Mech., 22, 189-199.

    () 22 Eng. Fract. Mech. : 189 -199.

  • Tang C A, Lin P, Wong R H C, Chau K T 2001: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci., 38, 925-939.

    () 38 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. : 925 -939.

  • Theocaria P S, Andrianopoulus N P 1982: Eng. Fract. Mech., 16, 425-432.

    () 16 Eng. Fract. Mech. : 425 -432.

  • Váasárhelyi B, Bobet A 2000: Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 33, 119-139.

    () 33 Rock Mech. Rock Eng. : 119 -139.

  • Chen G, Kemeny J, Harpalani S 1992: Fracture Propagation and Coalescence in Marble Plates with Particular Application to Rock. Symp. Fract. and Jointed Rock Mass: 443-448.

    'Fracture Propagation and Coalescence in Marble Plates with Particular Application to Rock ' () Symp. Fract. and Jointed Rock Mass : 443 -448.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Erdogan F, Sih G C 1963: ASME J. Basic Eng., 85, 519-527.

    () 85 ASME J. Basic Eng. : 519 -527.

  • Griffith A A 1921: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., A.221, 163-198.

    () A.221 Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. : 163 -198.

  • Griffith A A 1924: Theory of rupture. Proc. 1st Int. Cong. Appl. Mech., Delft, 55-63.

    'Theory of rupture ' , , .

  • Hoek E, Bieniawsi Z T 1965: Int. J. Fract. Mech., 1, 137-155.

    () 1 Int. J. Fract. Mech. : 137 -155.

  • Horii H, Nemat-Nasser S 1986: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 319, 337-374.

    () 319 Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London : 337 -374.

  • Lim I L, Johnston I W, Choi S K, Boland J N 1994: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. Geomech. Abstr., 31, 199-212.

    () 31 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. Geomech. Abstr. : 199 -212.

  • McClintock F A, Walsh P F 1962: In: Proc. 4th National Cong. Appl. Mech., 1015-1021.

    , , .

  • Petit J-P, Barquins M 1988: Tectonics, 7, 1243-1256.

    () 7 Tectonics : 1243 -1256.

  • Reyes O 1991: Experimental Study and Analytical Modelling of Compressive Fracture in Brittle Materials. Ph.D. Thesis, MIT, Cambridge, USA

  • Reyes O, Einstein H H 1991: In: Proc. 7th Cong. ISRM, 1, 333-340.

    , , .

  • Richard H A 1984: Examination of brittle fracture criteria for overlapping mode I and mode II loading applied to cracks. Application of Fracture Mech. to Mat. Struc., 309-316.

    'Examination of brittle fracture criteria for overlapping mode I and mode II loading applied to cracks ' () Application of Fracture Mech. to Mat. Struc. : 309 -316.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shen B, Stephanson O, Einstein H H, Ghahreman B 1995: J. Geophys. Res., 100, 5975-5990.

    () 100 J. Geophys. Res. : 5975 -5990.

  • Sih G C 1974: Int. J. Fract., 10, 305-321.

    () 10 Int. J. Fract. : 305 -321.

  • Sih G C, Cha B C K 1974: Eng. Fract. Mech., 6, 699-723.

    () 6 Eng. Fract. Mech. : 699 -723.

  • Taha N, Swartz S 1989: In: Fracture of Concrete and Rocks: Recent Developments, S P Shad, S E Swartz, B Barr eds, 5-17.

    Fracture of Concrete and Rocks , () 5 -17.

  • Shah S P 1974: ASTM STO 560, 29-52.

    () 560 ASTM STO : 29 -52.

  • Shen B, Stephanson O 1994: Eng. Frac. Mech., 47, 177-189.

    () 47 Eng. Frac. Mech. : 177 -189.

  • Bieniawski Z T 1967: Int. J. Rock. Mèch. Min. Sci. Geomech. Abstr., 4, 395-430.

    () 4 Int. J. Rock. Mèch. Min. Sci. Geomech. Abstr. : 395 -430.

  • Bobet A 2000: Eng. Frac. Mech., 66, 187-219.

    () 66 Eng. Frac. Mech. : 187 -219.

  • Adams M, Sines G 1978: Tectonophys., 49, 97-118.

    () 49 Tectonophys. : 97 -118.

  • Lajtai E 1974: Int. J. Fract., 10, 525-536.

    () 10 Int. J. Fract. : 525 -536.

  • Lemaitre J 1986: Eng. Frac. Mech., 25, 523-537.

    () 25 Eng. Frac. Mech. : 523 -537.

  • Sagong M, Bobet A 2002: Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., 39, 229-241.

    () 39 Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. : 229 -241.

  • Ingraffea A R, Heuze F 1980: Int. J. Num. Analyt. Met. in Geomech., 4, 24-43.

    () 4 Int. J. Num. Analyt. Met. in Geomech. : 24 -43.

  • Jiefan H C, Ganglin Z, Yonghong Z, Ren W 1990: Tectonophys., 175, 269-284.

    () 175 Tectonophys. : 269 -284.

  • Hussein M A, Pu E L, Underwood J H 1974: ASTM STP 560: 2-28.

    () 560 ASTM STP : 2 -28.

  • Bobet A 2001: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci., 38, 1121-1134.

    () 38 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. : 1121 -1134.

  • Bobet A, Einstein H H 1998: Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci., 35, 863-889.

    () 35 Int. J. Rock. Mech. Min. Sci. : 863 -889.

  • Bobet A, Einstein H H 2004: Eurock2004, 475-478.

    () Eurock 2004 : 475 -478.

  • Bowie O L, Freeze D E 1972: Eng. Frac. Mech., 4, 315-320.

    () 4 Eng. Frac. Mech. : 315 -320.

  • Brace W, Bombolakis E 1963: J. Geophys. Res., 68, 3709-3713.

    () 68 J. Geophys. Res. : 3709 -3713.