Authors:
Gy Szeidovitz Geodetic and Geophysical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Seismological Observatory Hungary

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I. Paskaleva Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Central Laboratory Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering Hungary

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K. Gribovszki Geodetic and Geophysical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Seismological Observatory Hungary

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K. Kostov Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Geological Institute Hungary

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G. Surány Hungarian Academy of Sciences-Eötvös Loránd University Geological, Geophysical and Space Science Research Group Hungary

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P. Varga Geodetic and Geophysical Research Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Seismological Observatory Hungary

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G. Nikolov Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Geological Institute Hungary

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Karst regions are very vulnerable with respect to natural and human-activity related hazards. Some of them with beautiful caves were proposed to be of national value. The examination of broken and slim intact speleothems in Bulgarian caves (Varteshkata and Elata caves, western part of Balkan Mountain Range, North-West Bulgaria) allows estimating an upper limit for horizontal peak ground acceleration (PGA) generated by paleo-earthquakes.The density, the Young’s modulus and the tensile failure stress of the samples originating from broken speleothems have been measured in a laboratory.The fundamental frequency and damping of speleothems have been measured in cavity by in situ observations.The value of the upper limit horizontal ground acceleration resulting in failure and the natural frequency of speleothems were assessed by theoretical calculations using mechanical parameters — the density, the Young’s modulus and the tensile failure stress — of the samples originating from a broken speleothem from Elata cave.The ages of the samples taken from the investigated stalagmites have been determined by alpha spectrometry.The pure elastic behaviour in analytical modeling and calculations have been used.According to our modeling results the investigated speleothem has not been excited by a horizontal acceleration higher than 0.144 g in case of Varteshkata cave, and 0.326 g in case of Elata cave during the last few thousand years. These results can serve to improve the present seismic risk policy for karst regions, too.

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Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2013
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó Springer
Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2213-5812 (Print)
ISSN 2213-5820 (Online)

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