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  • 1 Universidad de Extremadura Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Física Badajoz Spain
  • 2 Universidad Complutense de Madrid Departamento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica II Madrid Spain
  • 3 Universidad de Extremadura Departamento de Física, Centro Universitario de Mérida Mérida Spain
  • 4 Universidade de Lisboa CGUL-IDL Lisbon Portugal
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Exceptional geomagnetic storms were observed in late August and early September 1859. Auroras were observed around the world, and telegraph wires were damaged. Until now, there has been no evidence published of auroral observations in Spain during this famous space weather event. This paper presents Spanish observations that show the aspect of this great aurora from Spain, and the concurrent effects on European telegraph wires. We also computed the variation of the geomagnetic declination in Spain during recent centuries to put these records into context.

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