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  • 1 Bc Institute for Breeding and Production of Field Crops Marulicev trg 5/I 10000 Zagreb Croatia
  • | 2 Agricultural Institute Osijek Juzno predgrade 17 HR-31000 Osijek Croatia
  • | 3 Faculty of Agriculture University of Zagreb Department of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Biometrics Svetosimunska 25 10000 Zagreb Croatia
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Two cycles of simultaneous selection for stalk rot resistance and grain yield have been conducted in the FAOSYNFR1B population synthesized from Eastern European maize germplasm. The objectives of this study were: 1) to compare expected genetic gain from S 1 and HSI methods of selection in the second cycle and 2) to evaluate improvement (gain) of stalk rot resistance and grain yield in the population per se associated with two cycles of selection. In the first cycle of selection, S 1 method and HSI method (using an inbred tester) were combined (S 1 -HSI) to produce C1 population. In the second cycle of selection the S 1 and HSI methods were applied separately to produce C2(S 1 ) and C2(HSI) populations, respectively. In 1996, the C0, C1, C2(S 1 ), and C2(HSI) populations per se were evaluated at four locations in natural conditions and at one under artificial stalk infection. Combined S 1 -HSI method was successful in improving both stalk rot resistance and grain yield. In the second cycle, further improvement for stalk rot resistance was observed with a more favorable response for S 1 method. Neither S 1 nor HSI method, applied separately in the second cycle, were successful in improving grain yield. Therefore, combining of S 1 and HSI methods of recurrent selection seems to be more effective way in simultaneous improvement of stalk rot resistance and grain yield in maize.

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Cereal Research Communications
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