Author: J. Rana 1
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Entomology CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar 125 004 India
  • | 2 Institute of Plant Pathology and Plant Protection Grisebach Str. 6 Goettingen 37077 Germany
Restricted access

The alates of Sitobion avenae started settling on wheat during first week of January (standard week 1) simultaneously with the activity of its predator, Coccinella septempunctata . However, the population density of this predator at this stage was very less. From standard week 5, the aphid population started increasing steadily and colonies of alates and apterous aphids were seen on leaves and stem. Middle of February to the start of March was the most favourable period for multiplication of this pest. The maximum population of cereal aphid was observed during standard week 10 (second week of March), when wheat ( Triticum aestivum ) crop was in earing stage and the temperature was between 8.5 and 23.1° C along with a relative humidity of 45.7 to 88.3 per cent. The aphid started declining gradually during following weeks, finally disappearing by second week of April (standard week 15). Its predator, C. septempunctata was observed feeding on aphid colonies during standard week 4, which increased steadily till middle of April, when the aphid population started declining. This asynchrony in their population pattern in wheat crop is being contemplated to be the major cause of flare up of the population of this pest. The correlation drawn between different stages of predator and aphid population revealed that the collective contribution of these factors was 93.92 per cent. Abiotic (temperature and relative humidity) and biotic (predator) factors were observed to be significantly influencing the aphid population in this crop ecosystem.

  • Anonymous. 1997. Package of practices for Rabi crops for north western plain region. CCS HAU Hisar. pp87

  • Bodenheimer, F.S. 1943. Studies on the life history and ecology of coccinellidae. Bull. Soc. Fovad ER. Ent. XXVII, 1–28.

    Bodenheimer F.S. , 'Studies on the life history and ecology of coccinellidae ' (1943 ) XXVII Bull. Soc. Fovad ER. Ent. : 1 -28.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bosque-Perez, Nilsa A., Johnson, J.A. and Schotzko, D.J. 2002. Species diversity, abundance, and phenology of aphid natural enemies on spring wheat resistant and susceptible to Russian wheat aphid. Bio Control 47: 667–684.

    Schotzko D.J. , 'Species diversity, abundance, and phenology of aphid natural enemies on spring wheat resistant and susceptible to Russian wheat aphid ' (2002 ) 47 Bio Control : 667 -684.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Carter, N. McLean IFG, Watt, AD. and Dixon AFG. 1980. Cereal aphids: a case study and review. Applied Biology V: 271–348.

    Dixon A.F.G. , 'Cereal aphids: a case study and review ' (1980 ) V Applied Biology : 271 -348.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chaudhary, JP. Ramzan, M., and Atwal, AS. 1969. Preliminary studies on the biology of wheat aphids. Indian J. Agic. Sci. 39(7): 672–675.

    Atwal A.S. , 'Preliminary studies on the biology of wheat aphids ' (1969 ) 39 Indian J. Agic. Sci. : 672 -675.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Clark, TL. and Messina, FJ. 1998. Plant architecture and the foraging success of ladybird beetles attacking the Russian wheat aphid. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 86: 153–161.

    Messina F.J. , 'Plant architecture and the foraging success of ladybird beetles attacking the Russian wheat aphid ' (1998 ) 86 Entomol. Exp. Appl. : 153 -161.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Deol, GS. Gill, KS. and Brar, JS. 1987. Aphids outbreak on wheat and barley in Punjab. Newsletter, Aphidological society of India. 6(2). 7–9.

    Brar J.S. , 'Aphids outbreak on wheat and barley in Punjab ' (1987 ) 6 Newsletter, Aphidological society of India : 7 -9.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gabor, L Lovei. Dora, LL, Lars, MH and Lene, S. 2001. Biological control of aphids in small grains by parasitoid wasps. Slutkonference “Biologisk og Miikrobiologisk Bekaemplese af Skadevoldere”. DJF-rapport nr. 49: 21–25.

  • Grewal, TS. and Bains, SS. 1975. Role of abiotic and biotic factors in population build up of wheat aphids and the extent of losses caused by them. Indian J. Ecology. 282): 139–145.

    Bains S.S. , 'Role of abiotic and biotic factors in population build up of wheat aphids and the extent of losses caused by them ' (1975 ) 2 Indian J. Ecology : 139 -145.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gutierrez, AP., Hagen KS. and Ellis CK. 1990. Evaluating the impact of natural enemies: A multitrophic perspective, In Critical Issues in Biological control (M. Mackauer, L.E. Ehler, and J. Roland, Eds.), pp 81–107 Intercept, Andover, Hants, UK.

    Ellis C.K. , '', in Critical Issues in Biological control , (1990 ) -.

  • Johnsson, A. 1930. Zeits. Wiss. Ins. Biol. 20–29.

  • Kröber T and Carl K. 1991. Cereal aphids and their natural enemies in Europe-a literature review. Bio control News and Information 12: 357–371.

    Carl K. , 'Cereal aphids and their natural enemies in Europe-a literature review ' (1991 ) 12 Bio control News and Information : 357 -371.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Oglonin, A. 1919. Revue Russe Entom. (Saint Petersburg). 30: 9–15.

    Oglonin A. , '' (1919 ) 30 Revue Russe Entom. (Saint Petersburg) : 9 -15.

  • Schotzko, DJ. and Bosque-Perez, NA. 2000. Seasonal dynamics of cereal aphids on Russian wheat aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in wheat aphid susceptible and resistant wheat. J.Econ.Entomol. 93: 975–981.

    Bosque-Perez N.A. , 'Seasonal dynamics of cereal aphids on Russian wheat aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in wheat aphid susceptible and resistant wheat ' (2000 ) 93 J.Econ.Entomol. : 975 -981.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Singh, S. and Deol, GS. 1994. Studies on the biology of grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (Fab.). J.Res, PAU, Ludhiana. 31(4): 412–420.

    Deol G.S. , 'Studies on the biology of grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (Fab.) ' (1994 ) 31 J.Res, PAU, Ludhiana. : 412 -420.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vorley WT. 1986. The activity of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in winter and spring in Southern England. Bull.Ent.Res. 76: 491–504.

    Vorley W.T. , 'The activity of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of cereal aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in winter and spring in Southern England ' (1986 ) 76 Bull.Ent.Res. : 491 -504.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wratten, SD., Thomas, CFG. 1990. Farm-scale spatial dynamics of predators and parasitoids in agricultural landscapes. In Bunce, R.G.H., Howard, D.C. (Eds.), Species Dispersal in agricultural Landscapes. Belhaven Press, London, pp. 219–237.

    Thomas C.F.G. , '', in Species Dispersal in agricultural Landscapes , (1990 ) -.

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)

 

Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101
E-mail: crc@gk-szeged.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS

 

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)