View More View Less
  • 1 Thrace University Tekirdağ Faculty of Agricultural, Food Technology Department of Vocational College Tekirdağ Turkey
Restricted access

In this research, starch and maltose content were determined by using the HPLC method for different dent maize hybrids, grown in Tekirdağ ecological conditions. Experimental materials were obtained from Tekirdağ Faculty of Agricultural Field Crops Department. The starch and maltose content of the thirty-five selected maize varieties were studied. Starch contents of OSSK 644 (84.73%), Karaçay (84.39%) and AG 9242 (84.09%) were found to be higher than the other varieties. The lowest starch content (45.02%) was obtained from variety DK-647. The maltose content of maize hybrids was varied from 0.83% (Pegaso) to 2.71% (AG 9229). Negative and insignificantly correlation was obtained between starch and maltose content (r 2 −0.150).

  • AOAC 1990. Official methods of analyses, food compositions; additives, natural Contaminants, (15th ed; 983.22 saccharides (major) in corn syrup.). Arlington, USA: Association of official Analytical Chemist.

    '', in Official methods of analyses, food compositions; additives, natural Contaminants, (15th ed; 983.22 saccharides (major) in corn syrup.) , (1990 ) -.

  • Anonymous 1982. Mstat, version 3.00/EM, package program. Dept Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, USA.

  • Anonymous 2001. International Starch Institute, Science Park Aarhus, Denmark.

  • Barikmo I., Ouattara F., Oshaug A., 2004. Protein, carbohydrate and fibre in cereals from Mali-how to fit the results in a food composition table and database. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 17:291–300.

    Oshaug A. , 'Protein, carbohydrate and fibre in cereals from Mali-how to fit the results in a food composition table and database ' (2004 ) 17 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis : 291 -300.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Borras L., Cura J.A., Otegui M. E., 2002. Maize kernel composition and post flowering Source-Sink Ratio. Crop Science 42:781–790.

    Otegui M. E. , 'Maize kernel composition and post flowering Source-Sink Ratio ' (2002 ) 42 Crop Science : 781 -790.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collins N.E., Moran J.R., 2001. Influence of yellow dent maize hybrids having different kernel characteristics yet similar nutrient composition on broiler production. J.Appl. Anim. Res. 10: 228–235.

    Moran J.R. , 'Influence of yellow dent maize hybrids having different kernel characteristics yet similar nutrient composition on broiler production ' (2001 ) 10 J.Appl. Anim. Res. : 228 -235.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cowieson J., Aaron, 2005. Factors that affect the nutritional value of maize for broilers. Animal Feed Science and Technology 119: 293–305.

    Aaron , 'Factors that affect the nutritional value of maize for broilers ' (2005 ) 119 Animal Feed Science and Technology : 293 -305.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • FAO, 1992. Maize in human nutrition. Food and nutrition series, No.25, ISBN 92-5-103013-8

  • Ferguson J.E., Dickinson D.B., Rhodes A.M., 1979. Analysis of endosperm sugars in a sweet corn inbred (Illinois 677a) which contains the sugary enhancer ( se ) gene and comparison of se with other corn genotypes. Plant Physiology 63:416–420.

    Rhodes A.M. , 'Analysis of endosperm sugars in a sweet corn inbred (Illinois 677a) which contains the sugary enhancer (se) gene and comparison of se with other corn genotypes ' (1979 ) 63 Plant Physiology : 416 -420.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Houssou P., and Ayernor G.S., 2002. Appropriate processing and food functional properties of maize flour. African Journal of Science and Technology, Science and Engineering Series 3:126–131.

    Ayernor G.S. , 'Appropriate processing and food functional properties of maize flour ' (2002 ) 3 African Journal of Science and Technology, Science and Engineering Series : 126 -131.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Letchworth M.B. and Lambert R.J., 1998. Pollen parent effects on oil, protein, and starch concentration in maize kernels. Crop Science 38: 363–367.

    Lambert R.J. , 'Pollen parent effects on oil, protein, and starch concentration in maize kernels ' (1998 ) 38 Crop Science : 363 -367.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nelson O., Pan D., 1995. Starch synthesis in maize endosperm,. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 46: 475–496.

    Pan D. , 'Starch synthesis in maize endosperm ' (1995 ) 46 Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. : 475 -496.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Park D., Kenneth G.D., Allen, Stermitz, F.R., and Maga, J. A., 2000. Chemical Composition and Physical Characteristics of unpopped popcorn hybrids. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 13: 921–934.

    Maga J. A. , 'Chemical Composition and Physical Characteristics of unpopped popcorn hybrids ' (2000 ) 13 Journal of Food Composition and Analysis : 921 -934.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rahman A., Wong K., Jane J., Myers A.M., James M.G., 1998. Characterization of SU1 ısoamylase, a determinant of storage starch structure in maize. Plant Physiology. 117:425–435.

    James M.G. , 'Characterization of SU1 ısoamylase, a determinant of storage starch structure in maize ' (1998 ) 117 Plant Physiology. : 425 -435.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sene M., Thevenot C., Prioul J. L., 1997. Simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of amylose and amylopectin in starch from maize kernel by multiwavelength analysis. J. Cereal Science. 26: 211–221. M.B.

    Prioul J. L. , 'Simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of amylose and amylopectin in starch from maize kernel by multiwavelength analysis ' (1997 ) 26 J. Cereal Science. : 211 -221.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sene M., Causse M., Damerval C., Thevenot C., Prioul, J.L., 2000. Quantitative trait loci affecting amylose, amylopectin and starch content in maize recombinant inbred lines. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 38:459–472.

    Prioul J.L. , 'Quantitative trait loci affecting amylose, amylopectin and starch content in maize recombinant inbred lines ' (2000 ) 38 Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : 459 -472.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Young T.E., Juvik J.A., DeMason D.A., 1997. Changes in carbohydrate composition and α-amylase expression during germination and seedling growth of starch-deficient endosperm mutants of maize. Plant Science 129: 175–189.

    DeMason D.A. , 'Changes in carbohydrate composition and α-amylase expression during germination and seedling growth of starch-deficient endosperm mutants of maize ' (1997 ) 129 Plant Science : 175 -189.

    • Search Google Scholar