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Z. Bódi University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Department of Horticulture and Plant Biotechnology Böszörményi út 138 H-4032 Debrecen Hungary

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P. Pepó University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Department of Horticulture and Plant Biotechnology Böszörményi út 138 H-4032 Debrecen Hungary

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A. Kovács University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Department of Horticulture and Plant Biotechnology Böszörményi út 138 H-4032 Debrecen Hungary

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É. Széles University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology Böszörményi út 138 H-4032 Debrecen Hungary

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Z. Győri University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology Böszörményi út 138 H-4032 Debrecen Hungary

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The role of special corns in human diets is increasing as a result of their favourable nutritional values. Little is known about mineral contents of different red and blue corns, although they may help to inhibit deficiency diseases mainly in the developing countries. During this study, mineral contents (15 elements) of 3 red and 9 blue corn varieties were examined with ICP-OES and ICP-MS. Highest contents of macroelements were as follows: P (3859.5±562.1 mg kg −1 ), K (4325.0±469.5 mg kg −1 ) and Mg (1450.0±104.6 mg kg −1 ) in the variety Black Mexican, S (1555.0±128.6 mg kg −1 ) in Santo Domingo Blue. In case of microelements, iron, zinc and selenium were highlighted. Except one genotype, iron contents were above 30 mg kg −1 . Blaumais, Hopi Turquoise and Hopi Blue contained more than 40 mg kg −1 (41.0–46.3), which were above values published in the literature (10.0 mg kg −1 in average). For zinc, we measured 15.2–31.5 mg kg −1 . Selenium contents (0.1–0.2 mg kg −1 ) were also higher than in the literature (0.08 mg kg −1 ). Plant selection could utilize variability of special element contents in enhancing these phenomena.

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Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)