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  • 1 Tokyo University of Agriculture Department of Agriculture Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0034 Japan
  • | 2 Kyoto University Graduate School of Agriculture Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 Japan
  • | 3 National Agricultural Research Center Plant Genetic Resources Institute Park Road Islamabad 45500 Pakistan
  • | 4 Yamaguchi Prefectural University Department of Human Environment Sakurabatake, Yamaguchi 753-8502 Japan
  • | 5 Gifu University Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193 Japan
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SDS-PAGE was used to determine the variation in high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) alleles present in 170 landraces of common wheat from Sindh, Balochistan and NWFP in Pakistan. Three alleles for Glu-A1 , six alleles for Glu-B1 and four alleles for Glu-D1 were detected. These included three new alleles, namely Glu-B1e, Glu-B1h and Glu-D1n , which had not previously been found in landraces of Pakistani wheat. Furthermore, Glu-D1m and Glu-D1n , which are considered to be endemic alleles in Pakistan and Afghanistan, were both detected from Balochistan. Twenty genotypes were identified based on combinations of alleles at the three Glu-1 loci. The present study showed that Pakistani landraces of common wheat have maintained a broad diversity of HMW-GS alleles, and that they may serve as genetic resources to improve wheat varieties adapted to Pakistani climatic and edaphic conditions.

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Cereal Research Communications
Language English
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ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
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