View More View Less
  • 1 Tessedik Sámuel College Faculty of Agricultural Water and Environmental Management P.O. Box 3 H-5540 Szarvas Hungary
  • | 2 Aquaculture and Irrigation Research Institute for Fisheries P.O. Box 47 H-5540 Szarvas Hungary
Restricted access

In Hungary rice ( Oryza sativa L.) is cultivated under flooded conditions. Direct seeding into the soil is applied usually. The optimal sowing date is a key factor necessary to the success of this annual crop because of the relatively short growing season. The main objective of this research was to: (1) analyse duration of period from sowing to emergence at different temperature values, (2) determine base temperature of this phenophase and (3) establish a thermal time model for rice emergence. To do this, growth chamber experiments with 5 Hungarian cultivars were conducted to determine the time to median emergence (E 50 ) at constant temperature of 14 to 34 °C in 2 °C steps. The sowing depth was 2 cm, and moisture was not a limiting factor. It was found that the critical thermal zone, which is of highest practical importance, is between 14 and 16 °C. At these values the E 50 is 23.9 and 13.4 days, respectively, showing a border between unfavourable and acceptable conditions. In the temperature interval between 26 and 34 °C the time needed for emergence was only 3.3 to 4.4 days. Variety differences were also detected. Base temperature was found between 9.8 and 10.9 °C. The thermal time requirements of 4 cultivars varied between 69 and 73 °C day. Data of field experiment with 9 sowing dates and a pot experiment with 3 sowings confirmed that our thermal time model can successfully simulate the emergence of rice.

  • Scott, S.J., Jones, R.A., Williams, W.A. 1984. Review of data analyses methods for seed germination. Crop Science 24 :1192–1199.

    Williams W.A. , 'Review of data analyses methods for seed germination ' (1984 ) 24 Crop Science : 1192 -1199.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Simonné K.I. 1979. A hazai rizstermesztés problémái. (Problems of Hungarian Rice Production) MÉM Agroinform, Budapest, 36 pp.

    Simonné K.I. , '', in A hazai rizstermesztés problémái , (1979 ) -.

  • Simonné K.I. 1983. A rizs termesztése. (Rice Production) Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, 293 pp.

    Simonné K.I. , '', in A rizs termesztése , (1983 ) -.

  • Soltani, A., Robertson, M.J., Torabi, B., Tousefi-Diaz, M., Sarparast, R. 2006. Modelling seedling emergence in chickpea as influenced by temperature and sowing depth. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 138 :156–167.

    Sarparast R. , 'Modelling seedling emergence in chickpea as influenced by temperature and sowing depth ' (2006 ) 138 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology : 156 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steinmaus, S.J., Prather, T.S., Holt, J.S. 2000. Estimation of base temperatures for nine weed species. Journal of Experimental Botany 51 :275–286.

    Holt J.S. , 'Estimation of base temperatures for nine weed species ' (2000 ) 51 Journal of Experimental Botany : 275 -286.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wiese, A.M., Binning, L.K. 1987. Calculating the threshold temperature of development for weeds. Weed Science 35 :177–179.

    Binning L.K. , 'Calculating the threshold temperature of development for weeds ' (1987 ) 35 Weed Science : 177 -179.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bonhomme, R. 2000. Bases and limits to using “degree.day” units. European Journal of Agronomy 13 :1–10.

    Bonhomme R. , 'Bases and limits to using “degree.day” units ' (2000 ) 13 European Journal of Agronomy : 1 -10.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Caton, B.P., Foin, T.C., Gibson, K.D., Hill, J.E. 1998. A temperature-based model of direct-, water-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) stand establishment in California. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 90 :91–102.

    Hill J.E. , 'A temperature-based model of direct-, water-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) stand establishment in California ' (1998 ) 90 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology : 91 -102.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chaudhary, T.N., Ghildial, B.P. 1969. Germination response of rice seeds to constant and alternating temperatures. Agricultural Journal 61 :328–330.

    Ghildial B.P. , 'Germination response of rice seeds to constant and alternating temperatures ' (1969 ) 61 Agricultural Journal : 328 -330.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gao, L.Z., Jin, Z.Q., Huang, Y., Zhang, L.Z. 1992. Rice clock model — a computer simulation model of rice development. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 60 :1–16.

    Zhang L.Z. , 'Rice clock model — a computer simulation model of rice development ' (1992 ) 60 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology : 1 -16.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gilmore, E.C., Rogers, J.S. 1958. Heat units as a method of measuring maturity in corn. Agronomy Journal 50 :611–615.

    Rogers J.S. , 'Heat units as a method of measuring maturity in corn ' (1958 ) 50 Agronomy Journal : 611 -615.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gombos, B., Simon-Kiss, I. 2005. Bilinear thermal time models for predicting flowering time of rice. Cereal Research Communications 33 :569–576.

    Simon-Kiss I. , 'Bilinear thermal time models for predicting flowering time of rice ' (2005 ) 33 Cereal Research Communications : 569 -576.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Himeda, M. 1973. Studies on the winter-sowing method in direct sowing culture of rice — Survival of rice seeds in soil under low temperature conditions. J. Cent. Agric. Exp. Stn. 18 :1–70.

    Himeda M. , 'Studies on the winter-sowing method in direct sowing culture of rice — Survival of rice seeds in soil under low temperature conditions ' (1973 ) 18 J. Cent. Agric. Exp. Stn. : 1 -70.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lee, H.S., Taguchi, K. 1969. Studies on the germinability of rice seeds at low temperature. 1. The varietal differences and the effects of growing conditions of parent plants on the germinability of rice seeds at low temperature (in Japanese, English summary). Mem. Fac. Agric. Hokkaido Univ. 7 :138–146.

    Taguchi K. , 'Studies on the germinability of rice seeds at low temperature. 1. The varietal differences and the effects of growing conditions of parent plants on the germinability of rice seeds at low temperature (in Japanese, English summary) ' (1969 ) 7 Mem. Fac. Agric. Hokkaido Univ. : 138 -146.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Yang, S., Logan, J., Coffey, D.L. 1995. Mathematical formulae for calculating the base temperature for growing degree days. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 74 :61–74.

    Coffey D.L. , 'Mathematical formulae for calculating the base temperature for growing degree days ' (1995 ) 74 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology : 61 -74.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Yin, X., Kropff, M.J., McLaren, G., Visperas, R.M. 1995. A nonlinear model for crop development as a function of temperature. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 77 :1–16.

    Visperas R.M. , 'A nonlinear model for crop development as a function of temperature ' (1995 ) 77 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology : 1 -16.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Yoshida, S. 1981. Fundamentals of rice crop science. International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines, 269 pp.

    Yoshida S. , '', in Fundamentals of rice crop science , (1981 ) -.

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)

 

Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101
E-mail: crc@gk-szeged.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS

 

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)