Author: L. Márton 1
View More View Less
  • 1 Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (RISSAC-HAS) Budapest Hungary
Restricted access

With a warmer climate, dry and excess rainfall conditions could become more frequent, severe, and longer-lasting. For these reasons, long-term study had been conducting in Eastern Hungary in the Nyírlugos Field Trial between 1973 and 1990 for obtain relationships between precipitation quantities-, soil agrochemical properties and mineral fertilization on winter wheat yield. The experimental precipitation character was formed by winter half-years (Oct.–Mar.), months (Oct.–Sep.), pre-months of sowing (Aug.), critical sequential month number in vegetation seasons (Sep.–Jul.) and critical sequential month number in experimental years (Sep.–Aug). In average rainfall years (equivalent to the 50 year rainfall mean from 1901 to 1950) without any mineral fertilization, the wheat yield stabilized at the level of 1.58 t · ha −1 . With N, P, K and Mg fertilizer input, the minimum and maximum yields were 2.29 t · ha −1 and 3.72 t · ha −1 . The yield increased to 38.5% (1.00 t · ha −1 ) with the whole NPK and Mg completed NPKMg treatment. On the control plots, the yield grew by 6% during a dry year compared to average year. At N, NP and NK combinations yields were diminished to 12%. Dry damage on yield production dropped to 11% with NPK and NPKMg applications. In dryer years compared to average years, yields were reduced with 31% on the control soils. Yields were lessened for an average year by 42% and 47% with N, NP, NK and NPK, NPKMg loadings. During wet conditions and without fertilization, the yields decreased more dramatically (82%) as compared to dry conditions. The yield was subsided by 61% with unfavorable (N, NP, NK) nutritions and the effect of excess rainfall was lowered on NPK and NPKMg treatments to 59%. Correlations between yield and precipitation during various vegetation periods (control: R = 0.59, N: R = 0.57, NP: R = 0.76, NK: R = 0.54, NPK: R = 0.67, NPKMg: R = 0.71) indicated that optimum yields developed in response to rainfall in the 450–500 mm range. Above or below this rainfall range yields reducted quadratically. Results obtained on fertilization compensation [yield loss (kg mm −1 and %) of ± 100 mm precipitation interspace (−lessening/+increasing, mm) from maximum yield (t ha −1 ) and its rainfall quantity (mm)] on negative effects of dry climate confirm that minimum and maximum yield losses had have changed among 0% (NP)–−114% (N), and in wet −46% (N)–−87% (NK). The best models were presented under dry in instance of wheat: NP (0%) and in wet N (−46%) loadings. In these fertilization systems in dry conditions the yield loss reductions had been having observed of 28% and in wet 64%, respectively.

  • Tubiello, F.N., Rosenzweig, C., Goldberg, R.A. Jagtap, S., Jones, J.W. 2002. Effects of climate change on U.S. crop production: Simulation results using two different GCM scenarios. Part I: Wheat, potato, maize and citrus. Climate Research 20 :259–270.

    Jones J.W. , 'Effects of climate change on U.S. crop production: Simulation results using two different GCM scenarios. Part I: Wheat, potato, maize and citrus ' (2002 ) 20 Climate Research : 259 -270.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Uprety, D.C., Garg, S.C., Tiwari, M.K., Mitra, A.P. 2000. Crop responses to elevated CO 2 technology and research. Global Environment Research 3 :155–167.

    Mitra A.P. , 'Crop responses to elevated CO2 technology and research ' (2000 ) 3 Global Environment Research : 155 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várallyay, Gy. 1992. Globális klímaváltozások hatása a talajra (Effect of Global Climate Change to soil). Magyar Tudomány 9 :1071–1076.

    Várallyay Gy. , 'Globális klímaváltozások hatása a talajra ' (1992 ) 9 Magyar Tudomány : 1071 -1076.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Várallyay, Gy. 2005. Possible pedological effects of climate changes in the Kisalföld. (In Hungarian) In: “AGRO-21” Füzetek 43 :11–23.

    Várallyay Gy. , 'Possible pedological effects of climate changes in the Kisalföld. (In Hungarian) ' (2005 ) 43 “AGRO-21” Füzetek : 11 -23.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Voss, R.E., Hanway, J.J., Fuller, W.A. 1970. Influence of soil management and climatic factors on the yield response by corn to N, P and K fertilizer. Agron. J. 62 :736–740.

    Fuller W.A. , 'Influence of soil management and climatic factors on the yield response by corn to N, P and K fertilizer ' (1970 ) 62 Agron. J. : 736 -740.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Adams, R.M., Fleming, R.A., Chang, C.C., McCarl, B.A., Rosenzweig, C. 1995. A reassessment of the economic effects of global climate change on U.S. agriculture. Climatic Change 30 :147–167.

    Rosenzweig C. , 'A reassessment of the economic effects of global climate change on U.S. agriculture ' (1995 ) 30 Climatic Change : 147 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Barrow, E.M., Hulme, M., Semenov, M.A., Brooks, R.J. 2000. Climate change scenarios. In: Downing, T.E., Harrison, P.A., Butterfield, R.E., Londsdale, K.G. (eds), Climate Change, Climatic Variability and Agriculture in Europe. European Commision, Brussels, 76 pp.

    Brooks R.J. , '', in Climate Change, Climatic Variability and Agriculture in Europe , (2000 ) -.

  • Boudewijn, C. 1960. Progressive wheat production. Centre d’Etude de l’Azote. Geneva, 338 pp.

    Boudewijn C. , '', in Progressive wheat production , (1960 ) -.

  • Bryant, C.R., Barry, S., Michael, B. et al. 2000. Adaptation in Canadian agriculture to climatic variability and change. Climatic Change 45 :181–201.

    Michael B. , 'Adaptation in Canadian agriculture to climatic variability and change ' (2000 ) 45 Climatic Change : 181 -201.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Conor, L., Semenov, A.M. 2006. Assessing lead-time for predicting wheat growth using a crop simulation model. http://www.sciencedirect.com

  • David, M.L., Kelly, J.B., James, J.O.B. 1999. Impact of ENSO-related climate anomalies on crop yield in the U.S. Climate Change 42 :351–375.

    James J.O.B. , 'Impact of ENSO-related climate anomalies on crop yield in the U.S. ' (1999 ) 42 Climate Change : 351 -375.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • EU (European Union). 2003. Drought costs EU farmers euro of 11 billion. European Report, Brussels, 2 pp.

  • FAO. 2007. Statistical database. Rome http://www.fao.org

  • Ghaffari, A., Cook, H.F., Lee, H.C. 2002. Climate change and winter wheat management: A modeling scenario for South-Eastern England. Climate Change 55 :509–533.

    Lee H.C. , 'Climate change and winter wheat management: A modeling scenario for South-Eastern England ' (2002 ) 55 Climate Change : 509 -533.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Harnos, Zs. 1993. Weather and weather-yield interaction analysis. (In Hungarian) In: Baráth, Cs., Győrffy, B., Harnos, Zs. (eds), Aszály 1983. KÉE, Budapest, pp. 9–46.

    Harnos Zs. , '', in Aszály 1983 , (1993 ) -.

  • Harrison, P.A., Butterfield, R.E. 1996. Effects of climate change on Europe — wide winter wheat and sunflower productivity. Climate Research 7 :225–241.

    Butterfield R.E. , 'Effects of climate change on Europe — wide winter wheat and sunflower productivity ' (1996 ) 7 Climate Research : 225 -241.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Jolánkai, M. 2005. Effect of climate change on plant cultivation. (In Hungarian) In: “AGRO-21” Füzetek 41 :47–58.

    Jolánkai M. , 'Effect of climate change on plant cultivation. (In Hungarian) ' (2005 ) 41 “AGRO-21” Füzetek : 47 -58.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kádár, I. 1992. Principles and methods in plant nutrition. RISSAC HAS. Budapest, 398 pp.

    Kádár I. , '', in Principles and methods in plant nutrition , (1992 ) -.

  • Kádár, I., Szemes, I. 1994. Lesson learned from a 30 year old field trial in Hungary. RISSAC-HAS. Budapest, 248 pp.

    Szemes I. , '', in Lesson learned from a 30 year old field trial in Hungary , (1994 ) -.

  • Láng, G. 1976. Szántóföldi növénytermesztés (Field crop production). Mezőgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, 408 pp.

    Láng G. , '', in Szántóföldi növénytermesztés , (1976 ) -.

  • Láng, I. 2005. Weather and climate change: change-effect-response. (In Hungarian) In: “AGRO-21” Füzetek 43 :3–10.

    Láng I. , 'Weather and climate change: change-effect-response. (In Hungarian) ' (2005 ) 43 “AGRO-21” Füzetek : 3 -10.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Láng, I., Harnos, Zs., Jolánkai, M. 2004. Strategies of adaptation to climatic changes: international experiences and possibilities in Hungary. (In Hungarian) In: “AGRO-21” Füzetek 35 :70–77.

    Jolánkai M. , 'Strategies of adaptation to climatic changes: international experiences and possibilities in Hungary. (In Hungarian) ' (2004 ) 35 “AGRO-21” Füzetek : 70 -77.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Marc, A.J. 1997. Wheat production handbook. Kansas State University, Kansas City, 40 pp.

    Marc A.J. , '', in Wheat production handbook , (1997 ) -.

  • Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Second Edition. Academic Press, London-San Diego, 883 pp.

    Marschner H. , '', in Mineral nutrition of higher plants , (1995 ) -.

  • Márton, L. 2004a. Rainfall and fertilization effects on crops yield in a global climate change. In: Proc. 4 th Agroenviron Symposium. Role of Multipurpose Agriculture in Sustaining Global Environment-AGROENVIRON 2004 (Udine, 20–24 Oct., 2004). DPVTA, Udine 3 :451–456.

    Márton L. , '', in Proc. 4th Agroenviron Symposium. Role of Multipurpose Agriculture in Sustaining Global Environment-AGROENVIRON 2004 (Udine, 20–24 Oct., 2004) , (2004 ) -.

  • Márton, L. 2004b. Annual scientific report. RISSAC-HAS, Budapest, 15 pp.

    Márton L. , '', in Annual scientific report , (2004 ) -.

  • Márton, L. 2005. Disasters as drought-, and rainfall excess and artificial fertilization effects on crop yield. In: Proc. Intern. Conf. on Energy, Environment and Disasters-INCEED2005 (Charlotte, 24–30 July, 2005). ISEG, Charlotte, pp. 49–50.

    Márton L. , '', in Proc. Intern. Conf. on Energy, Environment and Disasters-INCEED2005 (Charlotte, 24–30 July, 2005) , (2005 ) -.

  • Márton, L. 2006. Ecological changes of rainfall and artificial fertilization on crop yield formation. ESA, Memphis, TE, 5 pp.

    Márton L. , '', in Ecological changes of rainfall and artificial fertilization on crop yield formation , (2006 ) -.

  • Márton, L., Pereda, M.P., Mohinder, S.G. 2007. Long-term studies of crop yields with changing rainfall and fertilization. Agricultural Engineering Research 13 :37–47.

    Mohinder S.G. , 'Long-term studies of crop yields with changing rainfall and fertilization ' (2007 ) 13 Agricultural Engineering Research : 37 -47.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • McMaster, H.J. 1999. The potential impact of global warming on Hail Losses to winter crops in New South Wales. Climatic Change 43 :455–476.

    McMaster H.J. , 'The potential impact of global warming on Hail Losses to winter crops in New South Wales ' (1999 ) 43 Climatic Change : 455 -476.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Muchow, R.C., Bellamy, J.A. 1991. Climatic risk in crop production: Models and management for the semi-arid tropics and subtropics. C.A.B. International, Wallingford, 548 pp.

    Bellamy J.A. , '', in Climatic risk in crop production: Models and management for the semi-arid tropics and subtropics , (1991 ) -.

  • Németh, T. 2004. MTA Talajtani és Agrokémiai Kutatóintézet (MTA TAKI) tudományos programjának megvalósítására vonatkozó koncepció (2005–2010). Scientific Programme Conception of RISSAC-HAS from 2005 to 2010. MTA TAKI., Budapest, 24 pp.

    Németh T. , '', in Scientific Programme Conception of RISSAC-HAS from 2005 to 2010 , (2004 ) -.

  • Pilar, M., Arriaga, H., Salcedo, G., Márton L., Pinto, M. 2006. Diet influence on ammonia emission in lactating dairy cows. NEIKER, Bilbao, Spain, 5 pp.

    Pinto M. , '', in Diet influence on ammonia emission in lactating dairy cows , (2006 ) -.

  • Rajendra, K.P. 2004. Foreword. In: Proc. 22 nd Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (New Delhi, 9–11 November, 2004). IPCC. New Delhi, pp. 7–8.

    Rajendra K.P. , '', in Proc. 22nd Session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (New Delhi, 9–11 November, 2004) , (2004 ) -.

  • Rosenzweig, C., Iglesias, A. 2003. Potential impact of climate change on world food supply. Data sets from a major crop modeling study. Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center. Columbia University, New York, 28 pp.

    Iglesias A. , '', in Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center , (2003 ) -.

  • RS (Royal Society). 2005. Climate change warming over food production. Web address: http://www.newscientist.com

  • Runge, E.C. 1968. Effect of rainfall and temperature interaction during the growing season on corn yield. Agron. J. 60 :503–507.

    Runge E.C. , 'Effect of rainfall and temperature interaction during the growing season on corn yield ' (1968 ) 60 Agron. J. : 503 -507.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Russel, E.W. 1973. Soil conditions and plant growth. 10 th Edition. Longman, New York, 849 pp.

    Russel E.W. , '', in Soil conditions and plant growth , (1973 ) -.

  • Seth, G.P., Yeffrey, S.A. 2005. Crops and environmental change. Food Product Press, New York-London-Oxford, 421 pp.

    Yeffrey S.A. , '', in Crops and environmental change , (2005 ) -.

  • SPSS 2000. SigmaPlot for Windows. Ver. 3.2, Chicago, IL.: SPSS, Inc.

    '', in SigmaPlot for Windows. Ver. 3.2 , (2000 ) -.

  • Szász, G. 2005. Climatic instability causing variability in crop output in the Carpathian Basin. (In Hungarian) In: “AGRO-21” Füzetek 40 :33–69.

    Szász G. , 'Climatic instability causing variability in crop output in the Carpathian Basin. (In Hungarian) ' (2005 ) 40 “AGRO-21” Füzetek : 33 -69.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Watts, L. 2005. Impact of climate change on crops worse than previously thought. Royal Society, London, United Kingdom, 5 pp.

    Watts L. , '', in Royal Society , (2005 ) -.

  • Wigley, T.M.L. 1999. The science of climate change: Global and U.S. Perspectives. Pew Center on Global Climate Change, USA, 48 pp.