View More View Less
  • 1 University of the Free State Department of Plant Sciences Bloemfontein South Africa
Restricted access

Irrigation wheat production in South Africa is seriously impaired by the regular occurrence of Fusarium head blight epidemics. The disease was noted for the first time in 1980 and has since caused damage whenever the seasonal climatic conditions were favourable. Higher levels of disease concurred with an increase in conservation tillage and maize production in a double cropping system with wheat. Farmers are challenged by a lack of rotation summer crops and high input costs, forcing them towards reduced tillage practices. At present the disease has not been successfully controlled with fungicides and most commercial cultivars show a low level of resistance. Removal of high levels of maize residue, before the cultivation of a wheat crop, has proved effective in reducing disease. Climatic conditions during flowering are extremely unpredictable, but excessive rainfall, lower night temperatures and subsequent higher humidity seem to be key factors in the development of high infection levels. Research currently focuses on cultivar and resistance evaluation, tillage practices, climatic triggers for disease and a fungal population study.

  • Boshoff, W.H.P., Pretorius, Z.A., Swart, W.J. 1999. A comparison of head infection and blight development caused by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium crookwellense in wheat. S.A. J. Plant and Soil 16 :79–84.

    Swart W.J. , 'A comparison of head infection and blight development caused by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium crookwellense in wheat ' (1999 ) 16 S.A. J. Plant and Soil : 79 -84.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dill-Macky, R., Jones, R.K. 2000. The effect of previous crop residues and tillage on Fusarium head blight of wheat. Plant Disease 84 :71–76.

    Jones R.K. , 'The effect of previous crop residues and tillage on Fusarium head blight of wheat ' (2000 ) 84 Plant Disease : 71 -76.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Minnaar-Ontong, A., Herselman, L., Kriel, W.M., Leslie, J.F. 2008. Population dynamics of fusarium head blight isolates in South Africa. 10th International Fusarium Workshop and Fusarium Genomics Workshop 2008, August 30th–September 2nd, Alghero, Sardinia (Italy).

  • Ntushelo, K., Van Niekerk, B.D. 2002. Reaction of South African spring wheat cultivars to head blight caused by Fusarium graminearum . S.A. J. Plant and Soil 19 :50–51.

    Niekerk B.D. , 'Reaction of South African spring wheat cultivars to head blight caused by Fusarium graminearum ' (2002 ) 19 S.A. J. Plant and Soil : 50 -51.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Scott, D.B., De Jager, E.J.H., Van Wyk, P.S. 1988. Head blight of irrigated wheat in South Africa. Phytophylactica 20 :317–319.

    Wyk P.S. , 'Head blight of irrigated wheat in South Africa ' (1988 ) 20 Phytophylactica : 317 -319.

    • Search Google Scholar

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)

 

Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101
E-mail: crc@gk-szeged.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS

 

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)