View More View Less
  • 1 Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops M. Gorkog 30 21000 Novi Sad Serbia
  • 2 Cereal Research Non-Profit Co. Alsó Kikötő sor 9 H-6726 Szeged Hungary
  • 3 Agricultural Faculty Trg Sv. Trojstva 3 31000 Osijek Croatia
  • 4 Faculty of Agriculture Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8 Novi Sad Serbia
Restricted access

Corn reddening (CR) was observed for the first time in Serbia in 1957. After that, it occurred periodically, mainly in the region of Banat. In 2002 and 2003, a severe outbreak happened in late July / early August. Initial symptoms were the occurrence of a red-violet color on the leaves, leaf sheaths, husks and the bare portion of internodes. The symptoms typically appeared at the milk maturity stage and the discoloration was the most intensive at top leaves, around the main vein and along the edges, from leaf base to tip. Soon after the occurrence of the symptoms, the affected plants wilted, the foliage dried rapidly, the red pigmentation disappeared for a greater part and finally plant died off. The ears were underdeveloped and gummous and kernels were shriveled and unfilled.Several experiments were conducted to determine a possible connection between CR occurrence and the studied factors. Corn stunt spiroplasma was not identified in the CR-affected plants, and there was no apparent relationship between CR and soil fertility or nematode species identified in soil and plant samples. Insecticide-treated plots had lower CR incidence than untreated (control) plots, indicating that biotic factors could be involved.

  • Aleksić, Ž., Šutić, D., Aleksić, D. 1969. Proučavanje stolbura kao problema u proizvodnji paprike u Jugoslaviji (A study of stolbur disease as a problem of pepper production in Yugoslavia). Zaštita bilja 105 :235–239.

    Aleksić D. , 'Proučavanje stolbura kao problema u proizvodnji paprike u Jugoslaviji ' (1969 ) 105 Zaštita bilja : 235 -239.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bekavac, G., Purar, B., Jocković, Đ. 2007. Corn reddening: the disease and breeding for resistance. Journal of Plant Pathology 89 (3):397–404.

    Jocković , 'Corn reddening: the disease and breeding for resistance ' (2007 ) 89 Journal of Plant Pathology : 397 -404.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Clark, M.F., Adams, A.N. 1977. Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses. Journal of General Virology 34 :475–483.

    Adams A.N. , 'Characteristics of the microplate method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of plant viruses ' (1977 ) 34 Journal of General Virology : 475 -483.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Duduk, B., Bertaccini, A. 2006. Corn with symptoms of reddening: new host of stolbur phytoplasma. Plant Disease 90 :1313–1319.

    Bertaccini A. , 'Corn with symptoms of reddening: new host of stolbur phytoplasma ' (2006 ) 90 Plant Disease : 1313 -1319.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ivanović, D., Lević, J., Marić, A., Penčić, V. 2002. Bolesti kukuruza i njihovo suzbijanje (Corn Diseases and Corn Protection). In: Bolesti, štetočine i korovi kukuruza i njihovo suzbijanje (Diseases, Pests, and Weeds of Maize and Their Control), Institut za kukuruz-Zemun Polje and Školska knjiga, Novi Sad, Serbia, pp. 15–262.

    Penčić V. , '', in Bolesti, štetočine i korovi kukuruza i njihovo suzbijanje , (2002 ) -.

  • Jasnič, S. 2003. Pojava bolesti ratarskih i povrtarskih useva kao posledica vremenskih uslova u 2003 godini (Occurrence of plant disease as a consequence of weather conditions in 2003). Zbornik rezimea VI savetovanja o zaštiti bilja, Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije. (Book of abstracts. VI seminar of plant protection, Plant protection society of Serbia), pp. 10–11.

  • Jović, J., Cvrković, T., Mitrović, M., Krnjajić, S., Redinbaugh, M.G., Pratt, R.C., Gingery, R.E., Hogenhout, S.A., Toševski, I. 2007. Roles of stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Ciicinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of maize redness in Serbia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 118 :85–89.

    Toševski I. , 'Roles of stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Ciicinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of maize redness in Serbia ' (2007 ) 118 European Journal of Plant Pathology : 85 -89.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kerečki, B. 2003. Uticaj suše i visokih temperatura na fiziološke promene u biljci kukuruza (Drought and high temperature effects on physiological changes in maize plants). Zbornik referata XXXVII Seminara agronoma. Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad. Proceedings of the 37 th Seminar of Agronomists, Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, pp. 99–106.

    Kerečki B. , '', in Zbornik referata XXXVII Seminara agronoma , (2003 ) -.

  • Marić, A. 1971. Zaštita kukuruza od štetočina, bolesti i korova (Corn protection from pests, diseases and weeds). Poglavlje: Bolesti kukuruza (Chapter: Corn Diseases). Kolektiv autora. Zadružna knjiga, Beograd.

    Marić A. , '', in Poglavlje: Bolesti kukuruza , (1971 ) -.

  • Marić, A., Kosovac, Z. 1959. Proučavanje uzroka i štetnosti crvenila kukuruza u Vojvodini (Study of causes and harmfulness of corn reddening in Vojvodina). Savremena poljoprivreda, 12 :1028–1043.

    Kosovac Z. , 'Proučavanje uzroka i štetnosti crvenila kukuruza u Vojvodini ' (1959 ) 12 Savremena poljoprivreda : 1028 -1043.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Milošević, M., Ćirović, M. 1994. Seme (Seeds). Institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad, pp. 209–210.

    Ćirović M. , '', in Seme , (1994 ) -.

  • Rosić, K., Kerečki, B., Mišović, M. 1973. Selekcija hibrida kukuruza otpornih prema suši (Corn breeding for drought tolerance). Arhiv za poljoprivredne nauke 26 :59–65.

    Mišović M. , 'Selekcija hibrida kukuruza otpornih prema suši ' (1973 ) 26 Arhiv za poljoprivredne nauke : 59 -65.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Šutić, D. 1987. Anatomija i Fiziologija Bolesnih Biljaka (Anatomy and Physiology of Diseased Plants). Nolit, Belgrad, Serbia, pp. 107–109.

    Šutić D. , '', in Anatomija i Fiziologija Bolesnih Biljaka , (1987 ) -.

  • Šutić, D., Tošić, M., Starović, M., Stanković, R., Tomić, T. 2002. O crvenilu kukuruza (Redness of Maize). Zaštita Bilja 53 :240–241.

    Tomić T. , 'O crvenilu kukuruza ' (2002 ) 53 Zaštita Bilja : 240 -241.

  • Šutić, D., Starović, Mira, Tošić, M., Stojanović, S., Kuzmanović, S. 2003. Novija proučavanja crvenila kukuruza u nas (New studies of corn reddening). Zbornik rezimea VI savetovanja o zaštiti bilja, Društvo za zaštitu bilja Srbije. (Book of abstracts. VI seminar of plant protection, Plant protection society of Serbia), pp. 42.