Authors:
S. Farooq Opposite K Block Secretariat Director Technical, PAEC Head Quarter Islamabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by S. Farooq in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
S. Gilani University of Agriculture Department of Botany Faisalabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by S. Gilani in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
R. Arshad Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) P.O. Box 128 Faisalabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by R. Arshad in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
M. Afzaal Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) P.O. Box 128 Faisalabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by M. Afzaal in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
M. Akram Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) P.O. Box 128 Faisalabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by M. Akram in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
N. Iqbal Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) P.O. Box 128 Faisalabad Pakistan

Search for other papers by N. Iqbal in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
F. Azam Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture (NIFA) near Tarnab Farms, G.T. Road Peshawar Pakistan

Search for other papers by F. Azam in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Rice germplasm comprising wild species, low land and upland genotypes and 7 progenies of their inter-specific hybrids were tested under water levels of field capacity (100% moisture) and 75, 50 and 25% of field capacity. The objectives were to identify i) most water stress tolerant genotype, ii) characters associated with that genotype and iii) its ability to contribute water deficiency tolerance to lowland rice varieties. Experiment was conducted in potted soil with Randomized Complete Block two-factor factorial design and three replications. Different growth parameters were studied at tillering stage. Within an entry, reduction due to water level was significant in all the parameters. The interaction between various water levels and rice entries was also highly significant. We observed six parameters (shoot length, root length, shoot and root dry weight, number of tillers and leaf area) that were comparatively less affected in some of the progenies such as WAB-56-50 (shoot dry weight and root length), WAB-56-104 (root dry weight and tillers), WAB-272-H3 (leaf area) and WAB-272-H2 (shoot length) when tested under water level which is only 25% of the field capacity. This indicated that using these progenies as donor; water deficiency tolerance in lowland rice cultivars can be improved.

  • Adigbo, S.O., Okeleye, K.A., Adigbo, V.B. 2007. Performance of upland rice fitted into lowland rice-vegetable/cowpea sequence in rain-fed inland valley. Agron. J. 99 :377–383.

    Adigbo V.B. , 'Performance of upland rice fitted into lowland rice-vegetable/cowpea sequence in rain-fed inland valley ' (2007 ) 99 Agron. J. : 377 -383 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ainsworth, R. 2008. Rice production in a changing climate: a meta-analysis of responses to elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration. Global Change Biology 14 :1642–1650.

    Ainsworth R. , 'Rice production in a changing climate: a meta-analysis of responses to elevated carbon dioxide and elevated ozone concentration ' (2008 ) 14 Global Change Biology : 1642 -1650 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Anonymous 2000. Projected water scarcity in 2025. International Water Management Institute (IWMI). www.iwmi.cgiar.org/home/wsmap.htm

  • Anonymous 2009. Monthly report of Pakistan Meteorological Department. http://www.met.gov.pk/edpc/1a.txt

  • Bernier, J., Kumar, A., Ramaiah V., Spane, D., Atlin, G. 2007. Alarge effect QTL for grain yield under reproductive stage drought stress in upland rice. Crop Sci. 47 :507–516.

    Atlin G. , 'Alarge effect QTL for grain yield under reproductive stage drought stress in upland rice ' (2007 ) 47 Crop Sci : 507 -516 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bouman, B.M.A., Humphreys, E., Tuong, T.P., Barker, R. 2007. Rice and water. Advances in Agron. 92 :187–237.

    Barker R. , '' (2007 ) 92 Rice and water. Advances in Agron : 187 -237 .

  • Brown, L.R. 2006. Emerging water shortage. In: Brown, L.R. (ed.), Plan B 2.0. Rescuing a Planet under Stress and a Civilization under Trouble. W.W. Norton & Co., New York.

    Brown L.R. , '', in Plan B 2.0. Rescuing a Planet under Stress and a Civilization under Trouble , (2006 ) -.

  • Bushan, L., Jagdish, K.L., Gupta, R.K., Sing, S., Tirol-Padre, A., Saharawat, Y.S., Gathala, M., Pathak, H. 2007. Saving of water and labor in a rice-wheat system with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies. J. Agron. 99 :1288–1296.

    Pathak H. , 'Saving of water and labor in a rice-wheat system with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies ' (2007 ) 99 J. Agron. : 1288 -1296 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Dubey, R.S. 1997. Photosynthesis in plants under stressful conditions. In: Pessarakli, M. (ed.), Handbook of Photosynthesis. Marcel Decker, New York, pp. 859–875.

    Dubey R.S. , '', in Handbook of Photosynthesis , (1997 ) -.

  • FAO 2002. World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030 Summary Report. FAO. Rome, Italy.

    '', in World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030 Summary Report , (2002 ) -.

  • Fukai, S., Cooper, M. 1995. Development of drought resistant cultivars using morpho-physiological traits in rice. Field Crops Res. 49 :67–86.

    Cooper M. , 'Development of drought resistant cultivars using morpho-physiological traits in rice ' (1995 ) 49 Field Crops Res : 67 -86 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Karaba, A., Dixit, S., Greco, R., Aharoni, A., Trijatmiko, R.K., Marsch-Martinez, N., Krishnan, A., Nataraja, K.N., Udayakumar, M., Pereira, A. 2007. Improvement of water deficiency in rice expression of HARDY, an Arabidopsis drought and salt tolerance gene. PNAS 104 :15270–15275.

    Pereira A. , 'Improvement of water deficiency in rice expression of HARDY, an Arabidopsis drought and salt tolerance gene ' (2007 ) 104 PNAS : 15270 -15275 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kondo, M., Murty, M.V.R., Aragones, D.V. 2000: Characteristics of root growth and water uptake from soil in upland rice and maize under water stress. Soil Sci. and Plant Nutr. 46 :721–732.

    Aragones D.V. , 'Characteristics of root growth and water uptake from soil in upland rice and maize under water stress ' (2000 ) 46 Soil Sci. and Plant Nutr. : 721 -732 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lafitte, H.R., Price, A.H., Courtois, B. 2004. Yield response to water deficit in an upland rice mapping population: associations among traits and genetic markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 109 :1237–1246.

    Courtois B. , 'Yield response to water deficit in an upland rice mapping population: associations among traits and genetic markers ' (2004 ) 109 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 1237 -1246 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sacks, E.J., Roxas., J.P., Sta Cruz, M.T. 2003: Developing perennial upland rice-1. Field performance of Oryza/Orufipogon F1, F4 and BC1F4 progeny. Crop Sci. 43 :120–128.

    Sta Cruz M.T. , 'Developing perennial upland rice-1. Field performance of Oryza/Orufipogon F1, F4 and BC1F4 progeny ' (2003 ) 43 Crop Sci. : 120 -128 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sharma, P.K., Singh, G., Bhagat, R.M. 1997. Effect of water deficit on plant water status, growth and yield of rice. Intl. Rice Res. Notes 22 :16–17.

    Bhagat R.M. , 'Effect of water deficit on plant water status, growth and yield of rice ' (1997 ) 22 Intl. Rice Res. Notes : 16 -17 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sibounheuang, V., Basnayake, J., Fukai, S. 2006. Genotypic consistency in the expression of leaf water potential in rice ( Oryza sativ L.). Field Crops Res. 97 :142–154.

    Fukai S. , 'Genotypic consistency in the expression of leaf water potential in rice (Oryza sativ L.) ' (2006 ) 97 Field Crops Res : 142 -154 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics with Special Reference to Biological Science. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York.

    Torrie J.H. , '', in Principles and Procedures of Statistics with Special Reference to Biological Science , (1980 ) -.

  • Venuprasad, R., Lafitte, H.R., Atlin, G.N. 2007. Response to direct selection of grain yield under drought stress rice. Crop Sci. 47 :285–293.

    Atlin G.N. , 'Response to direct selection of grain yield under drought stress rice ' (2007 ) 47 Crop Sci. : 285 -293 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Virmani, S.S., Viraktanath, B.C., Toledo, R.S., Casal, C.Z., Lopez, M.T., Menalo, J.O. 1997. Hybrid Rice Breeding Manual, IRRI. Los Baños, Philippines.

    Menalo J.O. , '', in Hybrid Rice Breeding Manual , (1997 ) -.

  • Zou, G.H., Mei, H.W., Liu, H.Y., Hu, S.P., Yu, X.Q., Li, M.S., Wu, J.H., Luo, L.J. 2005. Grain yield response to moisture regimes in a rice population: association among traits and genetic markers. Theor. Appl. Gen. 112 :106–113.

    Luo L.J. , 'Grain yield response to moisture regimes in a rice population: association among traits and genetic markers ' (2005 ) 112 Theor. Appl. Gen. : 106 -113 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collapse
  • Expand

 

 

To see the editorial board, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

 

 

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)