View More View Less
  • 1 Research Centre SELTON s.r.o., Stupice 24 Sibrina 250 84 Czech Republic
Restricted access

Wheat with its advantages of high yield stability, well-mastered crop management and the possibility of long-term storage is suitable for ethanol production. Ethanol production has to be cost-effective and, therefore, wheat used in production should have a high potential for ethanol production. Previous works showed that low-nitrogen grain content is important for the relative ethanol yield and the agronomic yield for the absolute ethanol yield per area is important. In this work, importance of grain nitrogen and starch content for ethanol conversion efficiency was verified. Furthermore, environmental effects in relation to the ethanol conversion efficiency and ethanol yield in conditions of Central Europe were studied. With regard to the environmental factors, the annual rainfall sum was found to be the most important factor for ethanol conversion efficiency, while the grain yield was found to be the most important factor for the ethanol yield. On the basis of these findings it can be considered that wheat varieties possessing high yields of low protein grain planted in areas with higher rainfall amount would be ideal for the production of ethanol.

  • AACC International 2000, Approved Methods of the American Association of Cereal Chemists, 10th Ed., Method 55–30. The Association, St. Paul, MN, USA.

    '', in Method , (2000 ) -.

  • Agu, R.C., Bringhurst, T.A., Brosnan, J.M. 2006. Production of grain whisky and ethanol from wheat/-maize and other cereals. J. Inst. Brew. 112:314–323.

    Brosnan J.M. , 'Production of grain whisky and ethanol from wheat/-maize and other cereals ' (2006 ) 112 J. Inst. Brew. : 314 -323.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Beta, T., Corke, H. 2001. Genetic and environmental variation in sorghum starch properties. J. Cereal Sci. 34:261–268.

    Corke H. , 'Genetic and environmental variation in sorghum starch properties ' (2001 ) 34 J. Cereal Sci. : 261 -268.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brosnan, J.M., Makari, S., Paterson, L., Cochrane, M.P. 1999. What makes a good distilling wheat. In: Campbell, I. (ed.), Proceedings of the Fifth Aveimore Conference on Malting, Brewing and Distilling. Institute of Brewing, London, UK, pp. 225–228.

    Cochrane M.P. , '', in Proceedings of the Fifth Aveimore Conference on Malting, Brewing and Distilling , (1999 ) -.

  • Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport. Available at http://ec.europa.eu/energy/res/legislation/doc/biofuels/en_final.pdf (accessed 24.5.2010)

  • Johnson, V.A., Mattern, P.J. 1987. Wheat, rye, and triticale. In: Olson, R.A., Frey, K.J. (eds), Nutritional Quality of Cereal Grains: Genetic and Agronomy Improvement. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA, 28:133–182.

    Mattern P.J. , '', in Nutritional Quality of Cereal Grains: Genetic and Agronomy Improvement , (1987 ) -.

  • Kennedy, J.F., Stevenson, D.L., Junel, K. 2006. An objective illustration of the inadequacy of the official EC Ewers method for the determination of starch. Starch 42:8–12.

    Junel K. , 'An objective illustration of the inadequacy of the official EC Ewers method for the determination of starch ' (2006 ) 42 Starch : 8 -12.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kindred, D.R., Vehoeven, T.M.O., Weightman, R.M., Swanston, J.S., Agu, R.C., Brosnan, J.M., Sylvester-Bradley, R. 2008. Effects of variety and fertiliser nitrogen on alcohol yield, grain yield, starch and protein content, and protein composition of winter wheat. J. Cereal Sci. 48:46–57.

    Sylvester-Bradley R. , 'Effects of variety and fertiliser nitrogen on alcohol yield, grain yield, starch and protein content, and protein composition of winter wheat ' (2008 ) 48 J. Cereal Sci. : 46 -57.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lacerenza, J.A., Martin, J.M., Talbert, L.E., Lanning, S.P., Giroux, M.J. 2008. Relationship of ethanol yield to agronomic and seed quality characteristics of small grains. Cereal Chem. 85:322–328.

    Giroux M.J. , 'Relationship of ethanol yield to agronomic and seed quality characteristics of small grains ' (2008 ) 85 Cereal Chem. : 322 -328.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • López-Bellido, L., Fuentes, M., Castillo, J.E., López-Garrido, F.J. 1998. Effects of tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on wheat-grain quality grown under rainfed Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Res. 57:265–276.

    López-Garrido F.J. , 'Effects of tillage, crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on wheat-grain quality grown under rainfed Mediterranean conditions ' (1998 ) 57 Field Crops Res. : 265 -276.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Loyce, C., Rellier, J.P., Meyard, J.M. 2002. Management planning for winter wheat with multiple objectives (2): ethanol — wheat production. Agricultural Systems 72:33–57.

    Meyard J.M. , 'Management planning for winter wheat with multiple objectives (2): ethanol — wheat production ' (2002 ) 72 Agricultural Systems : 33 -57.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mikhaylenko, G.G., Czuchajowska, Z., Baik, B.K., Kidwell, K.K. 2000. Environmental influences on flour composition, dough rheology, and baking quality of spring wheat. Cereal Chem. 77:507–511.

    Kidwell K.K. , 'Environmental influences on flour composition, dough rheology, and baking quality of spring wheat ' (2000 ) 77 Cereal Chem. : 507 -511.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Murthy, G., Singh, V., Johnston, D., Tumbleson, M., Singh, V.J. 2006. Improvement in fermentation characteristics of degermed ground corn by lipid supplementation. Crop Convers. Sci. Eng. 33:655–660.

    Singh V.J. , 'Improvement in fermentation characteristics of degermed ground corn by lipid supplementation ' (2006 ) 33 Crop Convers. Sci. Eng. : 655 -660.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • O’Brien, L., Orth, R.A. 1977. Effect of geographic location of growth on wheat milling yield, farinograph properties, flour protein, and residue protein. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 28:5–9.

    Orth R.A. , 'Effect of geographic location of growth on wheat milling yield, farinograph properties, flour protein, and residue protein ' (1977 ) 28 Aust. J. Agric. Res. : 5 -9.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Rao, A.C.S., Smith, J.L., Jandhyala, V.K., Papendick, R.I., Parr, J.F. 1993. Cultivar and climatic effects on the protein content of soft white winter wheat. Agron. J. 85:1023–1028.

    Parr J.F. , 'Cultivar and climatic effects on the protein content of soft white winter wheat ' (1993 ) 85 Agron. J. : 1023 -1028.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Riffkin, H.L., Bringhurst, T.A., McDonald, A.M.L., Hands, E. 1990. Quality requirements of wheat for distilling. Aspects of Applied Biology, Cereal Quality II. 25:29–40.

    Hands E. , 'Quality requirements of wheat for distilling ' (1990 ) 25 Aspects of Applied Biology, Cereal Quality II : 29 -40.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sedláček, T., Horčička, P. 2009. Wheat wort density as a tool for prediction of ethanol yield. J. Agrobiol. 26:69–74.

    Horčička P. , 'Wheat wort density as a tool for prediction of ethanol yield ' (2009 ) 26 J. Agrobiol. : 69 -74.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Smith, T.C., Kindred, D.R., Brosnan, J.M., Weightman, R.M., Shepherd, M., Sylvester-Bradley, R. 2006. Wheat as a feedstock for alcohol production; HGCA Research Review no. 61. Available at http://www.lowcvp.org.uk/assets/reports/HGCA RR61Wheat for alcohol.pdf (accessed 24.5.2010)

  • Swanston, J.S., Newton, A.C., Brosnan, J.M., Fotheringham, A., Glasgow, E. 2005. Determination the spirit yield of wheat varieties and variety mixtures. J. Cereal Sci. 42:127–134.

    Glasgow E. , 'Determination the spirit yield of wheat varieties and variety mixtures ' (2005 ) 42 J. Cereal Sci. : 127 -134.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Swanston, J.S., Smith, P.L., Gillespie, T.L., Brosnan, J.M., Bringhurst, T.A., Agu, R.C. 2007. Associations between grain characters and alcohol yield among soft wheat varieties. J. Sci. of Food and Agriculture 87:676–683.

    Agu R.C. , 'Associations between grain characters and alcohol yield among soft wheat varieties ' (2007 ) 87 J. Sci. of Food and Agriculture : 676 -683.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Tester, R.F., Karkalas, J. 2001. The effects of environmental conditions on the structural features and physico-chemical properties of starches. Starch 53:513–519.

    Karkalas J. , 'The effects of environmental conditions on the structural features and physico-chemical properties of starches ' (2001 ) 53 Starch : 513 -519.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Thomas, K.C., Ingledew, W.M. 1990. Fuel alcohol production: Effects of free amino nitrogen on fermentation of very-high-gravity wheat mashes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:2046–2050.

    Ingledew W.M. , 'Fuel alcohol production: Effects of free amino nitrogen on fermentation of very-high-gravity wheat mashes ' (1990 ) 56 Appl. Environ. Microbiol. : 2046 -2050.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Venendaal, R., Jorgensen, U., Foster, C.A. 1997. European energy crops: A synthesis. Biomass and Bioenergy 13:147–185.

    Foster C.A. , 'European energy crops: A synthesis ' (1997 ) 13 Biomass and Bioenergy : 147 -185.

    • Search Google Scholar

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)

 

Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101
E-mail: crc@gk-szeged.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS

 

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)