Authors:
K. Srinivasa Babu Directorate of Wheat Research Karnal 132 001 India

Search for other papers by K. Srinivasa Babu in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Beant Singh PAU Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding Ludhiana Punjab India

Search for other papers by Beant Singh in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
B. Mhaske Agricultural Research Station Niphad, Dist. Nashik, Maharashtra India

Search for other papers by B. Mhaske in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
A. Sharma Directorate of Wheat Research Karnal 132 001 India

Search for other papers by A. Sharma in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Restricted access

Foliar aphid complex is becoming a major constraint of wheat production in India. The only option available to manage them is the use of insecticides. In this endeavor, the All India Coordinated Wheat and Barley Improvement Programme (AICW&BIP) has recommended traditional insecticides viz., dimethoate, oxydemeton methyl etc. Insecticide resistance and dearth of new molecules created a need to identify newer molecules for wheat aphid control. Recently, the neonicotinoids, viz., imidacloprid and thiamethoxam were recommended for the control of foliar aphids by the AICW&BIP. To broaden the base of these molecules, clothianidin, a new molecule, belonging to the neonicotinoids was evaluated at three locations viz., Ludhiana, Karnal and Niphad for two years. It was found that the new molecule was highly effective at 35 g/ha in controlling the foliar aphids and reducing the yield losses. The new molecule was found safe under field conditions but in vitro studies showed that it was relatively toxic to the coccinellid beetles. The feeding preference study showed that the treated leaves were not fed by aphids up to seven days after treatment. No phytotoxicity was observed on the plants even when they were sprayed at very high concentrations.

  • Anonymous 2006. Package of practices for crops of Punjab. Rabi. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India, pp. 1–20.

    Anonymous , '', in Package of practices for crops of Punjab , (2006 ) -.

  • Cloyd, R.A., Dickinson, A. 2006. Effect of insecticides on mealybug destroyer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and parasitoid Leptomastix dactylopii (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), natural enemies of citrus mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae). J. Economic Entomol. 99:1596–1604.

    Dickinson A. , 'Effect of insecticides on mealybug destroyer (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and parasitoid Leptomastix dactylopii (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae), natural enemies of citrus mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) ' (2006 ) 99 J. Economic Entomol. : 1596 -1604 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cutler, G., Christopher, S.D., Cynthia, D. 2007. Exposure to clothianidin seed-treated canola has no long-term impact on honey bees. J. Economic Entomol. 100:765–772.

    Cynthia D. , 'Exposure to clothianidin seed-treated canola has no long-term impact on honey bees ' (2007 ) 100 J. Economic Entomol. : 765 -772 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Frank, J.B., Nick C.T., Anthony, A.U., Joseph, G.M. 2007. Toxicity of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides to avocado thrips in nursery avocado trees. Pest Management Sci. 63:860–866.

    Joseph G.M. , 'Toxicity of systemic neonicotinoid insecticides to avocado thrips in nursery avocado trees ' (2007 ) 63 Pest Management Sci. : 860 -866 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Heinrichs, E.A. 1986. Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect-resistant rice varieties. Agricult., Ecosystems and the Environ. 18:9–36.

    Heinrichs E.A. , 'Perspectives and directions for the continued development of insect-resistant rice varieties ' (1986 ) 18 Agricult., Ecosystems and the Environ. : 9 -36 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mhaske, B.M., Pardeshi, S.R., Bhoite, K.D., Rasal, P.N. 2007. Biosafety of coccinellid predators and chemical control of wheat aphids. Agricult. Sci. Digest. 27:264–266.

    Rasal P.N. , 'Biosafety of coccinellid predators and chemical control of wheat aphids ' (2007 ) 27 Agricult. Sci. Digest. : 264 -266 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Patil, S.D., Rasal, P.N., Babu, K.S., Shambharkar, D.A., Game, B.C. 2009. Efficacy of different newer chemicals and seed treatment against foliage feeding wheat aphids. Int. J. Plant Protec. 2:271–275.

    Game B.C. , 'Efficacy of different newer chemicals and seed treatment against foliage feeding wheat aphids ' (2009 ) 2 Int. J. Plant Protec. : 271 -275 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Plapp, F.W. Jr., Vinson S.B. 1977. Comparitive toxicities of some insecticides to the tobacco budworm and its Ichneumonid parasite, Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron). Environ. Entomol. 6:381–84.

    Vinson S.B. , 'Comparitive toxicities of some insecticides to the tobacco budworm and its Ichneumonid parasite, Campoletis sonorensis (Cameron) ' (1977 ) 6 Environ. Entomol. : 381 -84 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Vastrad, A.S. 2003. Neonicotinoids — Current success and future outlook. Pestology 27:60–63.

    Vastrad A.S. , 'Neonicotinoids — Current success and future outlook ' (2003 ) 27 Pestology : 60 -63 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Collapse
  • Expand

 

 

To see the editorial board, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

 

 

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)