Author: P. Sharifi 1
View More View Less
  • 1 Islamic Azad University Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Rasht Branch Rasht Iran
Restricted access

Salinity stress is one of the important abiotic stresses affecting rice germination and reduces establishment of seedlings in the field. Six varieties of rice were included in a full diallel mating design and together with their progenies were evaluated for salinity tolerance. General combining ability (GCA) effect was significant for germination percentage reduction (GP) and radicle length reduction (RL); whereas specific combining ability (SCA) were significant for all of traits contain GP, RL, germination rate reduction (GR) and coleoptile length reduction (CL). The negative value of heterosis, due to inverse relation of reduction of traits and salinity tolerance, indicated ideal heterosis. The highest value of negative heterosis for GP, GR, RL and CL were displayed in Shahpasand × Sepidrod, Hassani × Sepidrod, Shahpasand × IRFAON-215 and Sepidrod × IRFAON-215, respectively. The parents with negative GCA are superior for salinity tolerance traits. The Genotype, Genotype-by-Environment (GGE) biplot analysis showed that Sepidrod contributed resistance to GP, GR and IRFAON-215 was the best parent for RL and CL. Respondent this view, Sepidrod and IRFAON-215 can be used either as best parents for selection programs due to their GCA effects, or as a superior parent hybrid programs on their SCA effects.

  • Akbar, M., Yabuno, T. 1974. Breeding for saline resistant varieties of rice 2: comparative performance of some rice varieties to salinity during early developmental stages. Japanese J. of Breeding 24:176–181.

    Yabuno T. , 'Breeding for saline resistant varieties of rice 2: comparative performance of some rice varieties to salinity during early developmental stages ' (1974 ) 24 Japanese J. of Breeding : 176 -181.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Alam, M.Z., Bhuiya, M.A.A., Muttaleb, M.A., Rashid, M.M. 2004. Effect of alternating saline and non-saline conditions on emergence and seedling growth of rice. Pakestan J. of Biol. Sci. 7:883–890.

    Rashid M.M. , 'Effect of alternating saline and non-saline conditions on emergence and seedling growth of rice ' (2004 ) 7 Pakestan J. of Biol. Sci. : 883 -890.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Butorac, J., Beljo, J., Gunjaèa, J. 2004. Study of inheritance of some agronomic and morphological traits in burley tobacco by graphic analysis of diallel cross. Plant and Soil Environ. 50:162–167.

    Gunjaèa J. , 'Study of inheritance of some agronomic and morphological traits in burley tobacco by graphic analysis of diallel cross ' (2004 ) 50 Plant and Soil Environ. : 162 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gregorio, G.B., Senadhira, D. 1993. Genetic analysis of salinity tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theor. Appl. Genet. 86:333–338.

    Senadhira D. , 'Genetic analysis of salinity tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.) ' (1993 ) 86 Theor. Appl. Genet. : 333 -338.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Griffing, B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Aust. J. of Biol. Sci. 9:463–493.

    Griffing B. , 'Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems ' (1956 ) 9 Aust. J. of Biol. Sci. : 463 -493.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kozlowski, T.T. 1997. Responses of woody plants to flooding and salinity. Tree Physiology Online Monograph No. 1: 1–29. http:/www.heronpublishing.com/tp/monograph/kozlowski.pdf

  • Krishnamoorthy, G. 2005. A study of heterotic relationships in sorghum. PhD thesis, A&M University, Texas, USA.

    Krishnamoorthy G. , '', in A study of heterotic relationships in sorghum , (2005 ) -.

  • Moeljopawiro, S., Ikehashi, H. 1981. Inheritance of salt tolerance in rice. Euphytica 30:291–300.

    Ikehashi H. , 'Inheritance of salt tolerance in rice ' (1981 ) 30 Euphytica : 291 -300.

  • Munns, R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant Cell Environ. 25:239–250.

    Munns R. , 'Comparative physiology of salt and water stress ' (2002 ) 25 Plant Cell Environ. : 239 -250.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pearson, G.A., Ayers, A.D., Eberhard, D.L. 1966. Relative salt tolerance of rice during germination and early seedling development. Soil Sci. 102:151–156.

    Eberhard D.L. , 'Relative salt tolerance of rice during germination and early seedling development ' (1966 ) 102 Soil Sci. : 151 -156.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pieper, A. 1952. Das Saatgut (The Seed). V.P. Darey Berlin, Hamburg, Germany. (in German)

    Pieper A. , '', in Das Saatgut (The Seed) , (1952 ) -.

  • Puard, M., Clement, G., Mouret, J.C., Roux-Cuvelier, M. 1999. Strategies for rice salinity tolerance in Mediterranean France. Cahiers Options Mediterranéennes 40:83–96.

    Roux-Cuvelier M. , 'Strategies for rice salinity tolerance in Mediterranean France ' (1999 ) 40 Cahiers Options Mediterranéennes : 83 -96.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Ray, P.K.S., Islam, M.A. 2008. Genetic analysis of salinity tolerance in rice. Bangladesh J. of Agricult. Res. 33:519–529.

    Islam M.A. , 'Genetic analysis of salinity tolerance in rice ' (2008 ) 33 Bangladesh J. of Agricult. Res. : 519 -529.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • SAS 2005. SAS/STAT User’s Guide Version 9.1. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.

    '', in SAS/STAT User’s Guide Version 9.1 , (2005 ) -.

  • Singh, S., Singh, A.K., Singh, H.P., Singh, R.S. 2008. Genetic analysis for seed germination, callus induction and survival of rice under salt at in vitro conditions. Oryza 45:512–520.

    Singh R.S. , 'Genetic analysis for seed germination, callus induction and survival of rice under salt at in vitro conditions ' (2008 ) 45 Oryza : 512 -520.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Szabolcs, I. 1994. Soils and salinization. In: M. Pessarakli (ed.), Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, pp. 3–11.

    Szabolcs I. , '', in Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress , (1994 ) -.

  • Wang, Z., Wang, J., Bao, Y., Wang, F., Zhang, H. 2010. Quantitative trait loci analysis for rice seed vigor during the germination stage. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. 11:958–964.

    Zhang H. , 'Quantitative trait loci analysis for rice seed vigor during the germination stage ' (2010 ) 11 J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. : 958 -964.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Yan, W. 2001. GGE biplot — a Windows application for graphical analysis of multienvironment trial data and other types of two-way data. Agron. J. 93:1111–1118.

    Yan W. , 'GGE biplot — a Windows application for graphical analysis of multienvironment trial data and other types of two-way data ' (2001 ) 93 Agron. J. : 1111 -1118.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Yan, W., Hunt, A. 2002. Biplot analysis of diallel data. Crop Sci. 42:21–30.

    Hunt A. , 'Biplot analysis of diallel data ' (2002 ) 42 Crop Sci. : 21 -30.

  • Yan, W., Kang, M. 2003. GGE Biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool for Breeders, Geneticists, and Agronomists. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 288 pp.

    Kang M. , '', in GGE Biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool for Breeders, Geneticists, and Agronomists , (2003 ) -.

  • Yeo, A.R., Yeo, M.E., Flowers, S.A. 1990. Screening of rice genotypes for physiological characters contributing to salinity resistance and their relationship to overall performance. Theor. Appl. Gen. 79:377–384.

    Flowers S.A. , 'Screening of rice genotypes for physiological characters contributing to salinity resistance and their relationship to overall performance ' (1990 ) 79 Theor. Appl. Gen. : 377 -384.

    • Search Google Scholar