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  • 1 Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACW Route de Duillier 50 1260 Nyon Switzerland
  • 2 ETH Zurich Institute of Agricultural Sciences Universitaetstrasse 2 8092 Zurich Switzerland
  • 3 INRA UMR 1095 GDEC F-63039 Clermont-Ferrand France
  • 4 UBP UMR1095 GDEC F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand France
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Low viscosity in cereals is important for monogastric livestock feeding. With respect to triticale, knowledge on the variability of its viscosity and its environmental dependence is deplorably low. Six winter varieties with similar earliness at maturity were chosen that covered a large range of potential applied viscosity (PAV) (individual values ranging from 1.8 to 4.9 ml/g). These were cultivated in four locations in Switzerland, at altitudes ranging between 430 and 700 m a.s.l., in 2008 and 2009. The effect of genotype on the PAV was significant and clearly influenced by the location factor. Although variety × location and variety × year interactions were rather low, they were still very important for the PAV compared with other variables such as grain yield and specific grain weight. The PAV expression of one variety seemed not to be susceptible to environmental conditions. The varietal range in viscosity demonstrates a high potential for breeding to raise quality, especially as the viscosity and the grain yield were not correlated. The favourable relationship between the PAV and protein content found in the present study may provide a further incentive to improve this trait to yield high-quality triticale. Existing variability might be used to guide the choice of favourable varieties.

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