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  • 1 National Agriculture and Food Centre Lužianky Research Institute of Plant Production Piešťany SK-921 68 Slovak Republic
  • 2 University of SS. Cyril and Methodius Department of Ecochemistry and Radioecology Square of J. Herdu Trnava SK-917 01 Slovak Republic
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The possibilities of the elimination of continuous cropping negative implications on the grain yield and microbial soil diversity were investigated. A stationary field experiment was established on Luvi-Haplic Chernozem. Statistically higher grain yield was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation (5.58 t.ha−1) compared with the variant with mineral fertilization only (4.87 t.ha−1) and with the variant with mineral fertilization and straw incorporation (4.90 t.ha−1). Statistically higher straw yield was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation (6.21 t.ha−1) compared with the variant with mineral fertilization only (4.41 t.ha−1). By cultivar Ebi, the grain yield was significantly higher in comparison to the cultivar Petrana. The lowest metabolic diversity of microbial communities and their respiration activity was found out in the variant with mineral fertilizer. On the other hand, the increase of functional diversity of microorganisms, their respiration activity and the number of cultivable bacteria was found in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw incorporation as well as in the variant with mineral fertilization and straw and organic fertiliser Veget® incorporation.

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