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  • 1 University of Tehran, 31587-77871, Karaj, Iran
  • | 2 Soil and Water Research Institute, 31587-77871, Karaj, Iran
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Boron (B) toxicity is an important problem in low rainfall and highly alkaline soils of central and southern part of Iran. We evaluated B toxicity tolerance of 10 Iranian wheat varieties in a greenhouse experiment. Experimental design was factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 10 wheat varieties × six B levels (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg B kg−1 soil) in three replications. The results showed a great range of tolerance among wheat varieties. Arg was the most tolerant one and Chamran showed the least tolerance. It seems that different mechanisms involved in B toxicity tolerance, namely exclusion of B from root, redistribution of B within leaves and integration of these two mechanisms. Significant negative linear correlation observed between shoot B concentration and shoot dry weight (r = 0.85, p < 0.01) and positive linear correlation between shoot B concentration and shoot dry weight reduction percentage (r = 0.82, p < 0.01).

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Cereal Research Communications
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