View More View Less
  • 1 Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012, India
  • | 2 Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012, India
Restricted access

Tropospheric ozone (O3) adversely affects growth and productivity of crops and also influences crop—pathogen interactions. Adverse effects of O3 on crops can be mitigated by antioxidants application. In the present study through lab and field experiments impact of O3 and antioxidants treatment to wheat was assessed on growth of Bipolaris sorokiniana (BS-75 strain) pathogen responsible for Spot blotch disease, pathogenesis related (PR) proteins and chitinase content. Results showed that growth of Bipolaris was significantly higher in elevated ozone (EO3) exposed plants as compared to control plants. Antioxidants — ascorbic acid (AA), tagetes extract (T) and quercetin (Q) application on culture media and wheat plants, respectively, retarded the growth of Bipolaris sorokiniana. Among the three antioxidants minimum growth of Bipolaris was observed in AA-treated plants as compared to control plants. Reduction in chitinase activity and PR proteins content due to EO3 treatment in wheat plants was 18% and 78%, respectively, as compared to control plants. Increase in chitinase activity and PR proteins content due to antioxidants treatment in wheat plants was 45% and 60%, respectively, as compared to control plants.

  • Barna, B., Fodor, J., Harrach, B.D., Pogány, M., Király, Z. 2012. The Janus face of reactive oxygen species in resistance and susceptibility of plants to necrotrophic and biotrophic pathogens. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 59:3743.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chen, Z., Gallie, D. 2005. Increasing tolerance to ozone by elevating foliar ascorbic acid confers greater protection against ozone than increasing avoidance. Plant Physiol. 138:16731689.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chowdhury, A.K., Singh, G., Tyagi, B.S., Ojha, A., Dhar, T., Bhattacharya, P.M. 2013. Spot blotch disease of wheat–a new thrust area for sustaining productivity. J. of Wheat Res. 5:111.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Conklin, P.L., Barth, C. 2004. Ascorbic acid, a familiar small molecule intertwined in the response of plants to ozone pathogens, and the onset of senescence. Plant Cell Environ. 27:959970.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cowan, M.M. 1999. Plant products as antimicrobial agents. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 12:564582.

  • Didyk, N.P., Blum, O.B. 2011. Natural antioxidants of plant origin against ozone damage of sensitive crops. Acta Physiol Plant. 33:2534

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ebrahim, S., Usha, K., Singh, B. 2011. Pathogenesis related (PR) proteins in plant defense mechanism. In: Mendez-Vilas, A. (ed.), Science against Microbial Pathogens: Communicating Current Research and Technological Advances. Formatex Microbiology Series. No. 3, 1, pp. 10431054.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Elad, Y., Pertot, I. 2014. Climate change impacts on plant pathogens and plant diseases. J. Crop Improv. 28:99139.

  • Fuhrer, J. 2009. Ozone risk for crops and pastures in present and future climates. Naturwissenschaften 96:173194.

  • Ghude, S.D., Jena, C., Chate, D.M., Beig, G., Pfister, G.G., Kumar, R., Ramanathan, V. 2014. Reductions in India’s crop yield due to ozone. Geophys. Res. Lett. 41:56855691.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holland, M., Kinghorn, S., Emberson, L., Cinderby, S., Ashmore, M., Mills., G., Harmens, H. 2006. Development of a framework for probabilistic assessment of the economic losses caused by ozone damage to crops in Europe. CEH Project No. CO2309, New report to U.K. Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs under Contract 1/2/170–1/3/205.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • IPCC 2013. Climate change 2013: The physical science basis. In: Stocker, T.F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.K., Tignor, M., Allen, S.K., Boschung, J., Nauels, A., Xia, Y., Bex, V., Midgley, P.M. (eds.), Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA. 1535 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Manning, W.J., von Tiedemann, A. 1995. Climate change: potential effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), ozone (O3), and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on plant diseases. Environ. Pollut. 88:219245.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mina, U., Kumar, P., Varshney, C.K. 2010. Response of different growth stages of potato (Solanum tuberosum) to ozone stress. Phyton. 49:253266.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mikkelsen, B.L., Jørgensen, R.B., Lyngkjær, M.F. 2015. Complex interplay of future climate levels of CO2, ozone and temperature on susceptibility to fungal diseases in barley. Plant Pathol. 64:319327.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morgan, W.T.J., Elson, L.A. 1934. A colorimetric method for the determination of N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylchrondrosamine. Biochemical J. 28:988995.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Puckette, M.C., Tang, Y., Mahalingam, R. 2008. Transcriptomic changes induced by acute ozone in resistant and sensitive Medicago truncatula accessions. BMC Plant Biol. 8:46.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rice-Evans, C.A., Miller, N.J., Paganga, G. 1997. Antioxidant properties of phenolic compounds. Trends Plant Sci. 2:152159.

  • Saari, E.E. 1998. Leaf blight diseases and associated soil borne fungal pathogens of wheat in south and southeast Asia. In: Duveiller, E., Dubin, H.J., Reeves, J., McNab, A. (eds), Helminthosporium Blights of Wheat: Spot Blotch and Tan Spot. CIMMYT, Mexico D.F., pp. 3751.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schraudner, M., Graf, U., Langebartels, C., Sandermann, H. 1994. Ambient ozone can induce plant defence reactions in tobacco. Proc. of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Section B. Biological Sciences 102:5561.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shetty, N.P., Jørgensen, H.J.L., Jensen, J.D., Collinge, D.B., Shetty, H.S. 2008. Roles of reactive oxygen species in interactions between plants and pathogens. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 121:267280.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Thalmair, M., Bauw, G., Thiel, S., Döhring, T., Langebartels, C., Sandermann, H. 1996. Ozone and ultraviolet B effects on the defense-related proteins ß-1,3-glucanase and chitinase in tobacco. J. Plant Physiol. 148:222228.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tiedemann, A.V. 1992. Ozone effects on fungal leaf diseases of wheat in relation to epidemiology. I. Necrotrophic pathogens. J. Phytopath. 134:177186.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)

 

Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101
E-mail: crc@gk-szeged.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS

 

Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
1973
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)