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  • 1 Poznań University of Life Sciences, ul. Wojska Polskiego 75, 60-625 Poznań, Hungary
  • | 2 Warsaw University of Life Sciences SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159, 00-789 Warsaw, Poland
  • | 3 Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Strzeszyńska 34, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
  • | 4 Plant Breeding and Accimatization Institute, 05-870 Radzików, Poland
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Two Fusarium species were identified in mouldy maize ears with the highest frequency during 2005–2014 in 7 seasons: F. subglutinans (3.1–42.0%) and F. verticillioides (44.1–70.3%). Two other species were also found but with lower frequency: F. graminearum (1.0–13.0%) and F. poae (1–45.7%). In 2005 fumonisin FB1, and in 2013 and 2014 three fumonisins (FBs) – FB1, FB2 and FB3 — were identified in harvest samples. The Fusarium-damaged kernel (FDK) fraction contained almost the totality of mycotoxins (90.0–95.0%), while healthy looking kernels (HLK) contained only below 5.0 to 10.0%. Kernels naturally infected by F. verticillioides and F. proliferatum contained (in mg kg−1) up to 710.00 of fumonisin B1, up to 209.72 of fumonisin B2 and up to 35.72 of fumonisin B3.

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Cereal Research Communications
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