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  • 1 CSK HP Agricultural University, Palampur 176062, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • 2 Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Indian Institute of Seed Science, Kushmaur, Mau 275103, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Doubled haploidy breeding via wide hybridization has been used in durum wheat haploid production for creating homozygosity in the shortest possible time. Post pollination treatment with hormones is a key factor for inducing haploid embryos in durum wheat wide crosses. An intergeneric hybridization experiment was carried out in seven durum wheat genotypes using Imperata cylindrica and two composites of Maize viz., Bajaura Makka and Early Composite, as pollen sources. The pollinated spikes were injected with 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) in five different concentrations i.e., 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 ppm, for three consecutive days at 24, 48 and 72 hrs after pollination. Analysis of variance revealed that the five concentrations of 2,4-D significantly differed in their ability to induce haploid embryos and 2,4-D at 250 ppm was found to be most effective in durum wheat haploid production through wide hybridization. The highest frequency of embryo carrying seeds was recorded to be 65.75 and 36.73 percent, at 250 ppm with I. cylindrica and Bajaura Makka, respectively in first cropping season. During second season, embryo formation frequency was observed to be maximum, 70.69, 32.84 and 27.59 percent, at 250 ppm 2,4-D with all three pollen sources, viz., I. cylindrica, Bajaura Makka and Early Composite, respectively.

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