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  • 1 Université Masaryk Brno Institut de Langues et Littératures Romanes Arna Nováka 1 602 00 Brno République Tch?que
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Contrary to the situation in France, French Canadian and Quebec literature lays much greater importance on orality. The effect of the {joual} in texts and on stage in the period of 1950--1980 as well as the literary experience of writers such as Godbout (vécrire), Gauvreau (langue exploréenne), Ducharme, Tremblay, Renaud, Victor-Lévy Beaulieu, Maillet and others reintroduce orality in the modern literary context. The paper attempts to clarify some causes and factors influencing the phenomenon: the linguistic and cultural circumstances during the colonization period, the tendencies towards a baroque expression leading to a scenografy of literary performances, cultural peripherization (19th and 20th century), linguistic and cultural emancipation and the pursuit of a new cultural identity -- the québécitude.