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Zhazira Zhukenova Department of Painting and Sculpture, Kazakh National University of Arts, 010000, 50, Tauelsizdik Ave., Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Ardak Yussupova Department of Art History, Kazakh National University of Arts, 010000, 50 Tauelsizdik Ave., Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Zhazira Zhekibayeva Department of Art History, Kazakh National University of Arts, 010000, 50 Tauelsizdik Ave., Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Nazym Abileva Service of Scientific and Methodical Work, National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 010000, 54 Tauelsizdik Ave., Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Farida Samarkanova Department of Scenography and Decorative Arts, Kazakh National University of Arts, 010000, 50 Tauelsizdik Ave., Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan

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The development of virgin lands (also known as tselina – previously uncultivated or unexplored areas of land, which have not been affected by humans and are typically located in rural or remote regions) has not only boosted the economy but influenced the development of art in Kazakhstan, particularly in Akmolinsk (in 1961 it was renamed Tselinograd, the current name of the city is Astana). Muralists M. Antonyuk and V. Tovtin made a significant contribution to the artistic and aesthetic image of Tselinograd. The purpose of the study is to identify the role of Soviet monumental and decorative art in designing the aesthetics of urban space and to substantiate its historical and cultural value. In this study, the features of stained-glass windows, marquetry, and monumental mosaics of Tselinograd were analysed. Their value as works of art was analysed, the specificities of incorporating national character are described, and their influence on the cultural development of the city is explained. The level of skill of the artists, including the ability to “embed” the artwork in the architectural image of the building is emphasised. The uniqueness of the monumental mosaics of the Soviet period is proved. Conclusions are drawn about their role as agitation. The need to preserve the works of monumental art for future generations is emphasised. This is an important part of the historical period – thoughtless “modernisation” of residential buildings, indifference to and devaluation of the artistic and cultural heritage of the Soviet past are not acceptable.

A szűz földek (más néven celinák – jellemzően vidéki vagy távoli régiókban található, korábban műveletlen vagy feltáratlan, az ember által érintetlen földterületek) fejlődése nemcsak a gazdaságot lendítette fel, hanem befolyásolta a művészet fejlődését is Kazahsztánban, különösen Akmolinszkban (1961-ben átnevezték Celinográdra, jelenlegi neve Asztana). M. Antonyuk és V. Tovtin muralisták jelentősen hozzájárultak Celinográd művészi és esztétikai képéhez. A tanulmány célja a szovjet monumentális és dekoratív művészet szerepének azonosítása a városi tér esztétikájának kialakításában, valamint történelmi és kulturális értékének igazolása. A cikkben a celinográdi ólomüveg ablakok, intarziák és monumentális mozaikok jellemzőinek elemzése olvasható. Művészeti értékük elemzése mellett a nemzeti karakter megjelenésének sajátosságai is ismertetésre kerülnek, valamint a város kulturális fejlődésére gyakorolt hatásuk. A tanulmány kihangsúlyozza a művészek képzettségi szintjét, beleértve azt a képességüket is, ahogyan belefoglalják a műalkotást az épület építészeti arculatába. A szovjet időszak monumentális mozaikjainak egyedisége bizonyított, itt agitációs szerepükről levont következtetések is szerepelnek. A cikk kihangsúlyozza annak szükségességét, hogy e monumentális műalkotásokat megőrizzék a jövő generációi számára. Ez a korszak a történelem fontos része, nem fogadható el a lakóépületek meggondolatlan „modernizálása”, a szovjet múlt művészeti és kulturális örökségének közömbösítése, leértékelése.

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Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sajtos, István, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary

Editor(s): Krähling, János, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gyetvainé Balogh, Ágnes, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary

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Department of History of Architecture and of Monuments
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