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Jana Pohaničová Institute of History and Theory of Architecture and Monument Restoration, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Námestie slobody 19, 812 45 Bratislava, Slovakia

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Matúš Dulla Institute of History and Theory of Architecture and Monument Restoration, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Námestie slobody 19, 812 45 Bratislava, Slovakia

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Nina Bartošová Institute of History and Theory of Architecture and Monument Restoration, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Námestie slobody 19, 812 45 Bratislava, Slovakia

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This paper focuses on the reactions of three professors and architects (Jan E. Koula, Vladimír Karfík, and Alfred Piffl) to how the totalitarian political regime restricted and interfered with creative and academic freedoms in the period starting with the introduction of architectural education at the Slovak University of Technology and ending with the so-called “normalization” period in the former Czechoslovakia. All three of them were already active in interwar Czechoslovakia and thus had rich experience with working under democratic conditions, and their early work was influenced by the interwar avant-garde movements. After World War II, in part thanks to their pioneering work at the Slovak University of Technology, they got caught up in the system of the authoritarian socialist state. The central question that this study asks is how the trio dealt with the totalitarian regime, which stood in contrast with the democratic period of interwar Czechoslovakia that formed them as architects, and brought further limits to their work. Based mostly on material from their personal estates and period publications, we reveal how each of them found his own way to deal with the totalitarian regime, and we argue that even its limitations did not make Koula, Karfík, and Piffl abandon their beliefs and creative credos completely.

Ez a tanulmány három professzor és építész (Jan E. Koula, Vladimír Karfík és Alfred Piffl) reakcióit vizsgálja arra vonatkozóan, hogy a totalitárius politikai rendszer hogyan korlátozta és hogyan avatkozott be az alkotói és tudományos szabadságukba a Szlovák Műszaki Egyetemen az építészképzés bevezetésétől az úgynevezett „normalizációs” időszakig tartó korszakban az egykori Csehszlovákiában. Mindhárman már a két világháború közötti Csehszlovákiában is tevékenykedtek, így gazdag tapasztalatokkal rendelkeztek a demokratikus körülmények között végzett munkáról, és korai munkásságukra hatással voltak a két világháború közötti avantgárd mozgalmak. A második világháború után, részben a Szlovák Műszaki Egyetemen végzett úttörő munkájuknak köszönhetően, belekerültek a tekintélyelvű szocialista állam rendszerébe. A tanulmány központi kérdése az, hogy a trió hogyan viszonyult a totalitárius rendszerhez, amely ellentétben állt a két világháború közötti Csehszlovákia demokratikus időszakával – amely építészként formálta őket – és további korlátokat szabott munkásságuknak. Főként személyes hagyatékaik és korabeli kiadvá nyaik anyagára támaszkodva feltárjuk, hogyan találta meg mindegyikük a maga útját a totalitárius rendszerrel szemben, és amellett érvelünk, hogy még annak korlátai sem késztették Koulát, Karfíkot és Pifflt arra, hogy teljesen feladják hitüket és alkotói hitvallásukat.

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  • Piffl, Alfred: Zápas o Bratislavský hrad [Battle for Bratislava Castle]. Marenčin PT, Bratislava 2007.

  • Pohaničová, Jana: Keď archívy rozprávajú... alebo Alfred Piffl mnohodimenziálna komplexnosť [When Archives Talk: Alfred Piffl’s Multidimensional Complexity] In Profesor Alfred Piffl. Bratislava, on 13 June 2007. Bratislava 2008. 1029.

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  • Pohaničová, Jana: Alfred Piffl – nielen pamiatkar [Alfred Piffl – Not Just a Conservationist]. In Dulla, et al. (eds): Zapomenutá generace: čeští architekti na Slovensku. České vysoké učení technické v Praze, Prague 2019. 258281.

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Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sajtos, István

Editor(s): Krähling, János

Co-ordinating Editor(s): Gyetvainé Balogh, Ágnes

Department of History of Architecture and of Monuments
Name of the Institute: Budapest University of Technology and Economics
Address: Műegyetem rkp. 3, K II. 82, 1111 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (36 1) 463 1330

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • SCOPUS

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
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not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
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5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
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Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.128
Scimago Quartile Score

Architecture (Q3)
Conservation (Q3)
Visual Arts and Performing Arts (Q2)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0.3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Visual Arts and Performing Arts 285/615 (53rd PCTL)
Conservation 67/102 (34th PCTL)
Artchitecture 127/170 (25th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.382

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,101
Scimago Quartile Score Architecture (Q4)
Conservation (Q4)
Visual Arts and Performing Arts (Q4)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
0,3
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Visual Arts and Performing Arts 247/584 (Q2)
Conservation 60/96 (Q3)
Architecture 103/149 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,397

2020

 
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,111
Scimago
Quartile Score
Architecture Q4
Conservation Q3
Visual Arts and Performing Arts Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
15/63=0,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Architecture 88/138 (Q3)
Conservation 52/85 (Q3)
Visual Arts and Performing Arts 221/532 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,604
Scopus
Cites
4
Scopus
Documents
16
Days from submission to acceptance 17
Days from acceptance to publication 123
Acceptance
Rate
69%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
3
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,133
Scimago
Quartile Score
Architecture Q3
Conservation Q3
Visual Arts and Performing Arts Q2
Scopus
Cite Score
19/62=0,3
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Architecture 71/126 (Q3)
Conservation 44/78 (Q3)
Visual Arts and Performing Arts 168/502 (Q2)
Scopus
SNIP
0,339
Scopus
Cites
15
Scopus
Documents
12
Acceptance
Rate
67%

 

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