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Vijayan Selvam Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, and Tamil Nadu, India

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Tholkapiyan Muniyandi Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, and Tamil Nadu, India

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This research investigates the effect of incorporating innovative human hair fibers (HHF) and polypropylene fibers (PPF) into concrete, which has been observed to enhance the material’s strength characteristics. These fibers augment the concrete’s tensile strength and resilience, fortifying it against cracks and elevating its overall endurance. This research delves into the impact of reinforcing concrete specimens with human hair and polypropylene fibers. These specimens are employed in cube, cylinder and flexural beam tests. Both fresh and hardened properties, such as compaction factor and slump, and compressive, split-tensile, and flexural strength at varying curing periods (28 days and 90 days) and the ratios (1%, 2%, and 3%) are considered by weight of cement. Specifically, the 3% polypropylene fiber concrete mix exhibited the highest average compressive strength at both 28 and 90 days, while the 2% polypropylene fiber mix showed the highest split-tensile strength. Flexural strength results followed a similar trend. Results show that 3% HHF addition leads to notable improvements in concrete strength properties, albeit not as significant as with polypropylene fibers. Statistical analysis, including independent samples Kruskal–Wallis tests, was conducted to compare the distributions of strength values across different groups. The statistical analysis indicates significant differences in strength distributions across groups, with p-values below the significance level of 0.05. This underscores HHF’s potential as a sustainable alternative in construction applications, contributing to enhanced concrete strength.

A kutatás célja annak vizsgálata, hogy az emberi hajszálak (HHF) és polipropilén szálak (PPF) betonba történő beépítése milyen hatással van az anyag szilárdsági jellemzőire. Ezek a szálak növelik a beton szakítószilárdságát és a rugalmassági modulusát, a repedésekkel szembeni ellenállását, és az anyag tartósságát. A kocka- és henger-próbatesteket nyomószilárdság, a hasáb alakú próbatesteket hajlítószilárdság vizsgálatokhoz használtuk. Mind a friss, mind a megszilárdult beton tulajdonságait vizsgáltuk, például a tömörödési és terülési tényezőt, valamint a nyomó-, hasító- és hajlítószilárdságot különböző időpontokban (28 nap és 90 nap), valamint különböző száladagolási arányokkal (1%, 2% és 3% a cement tömegére vonatkoztatva). A 3%-os polipropilén szálas betonkeverék eredményezte a legnagyobb 28 és 90 napos átlagos nyomószilárdságot, míg a 2%-os polipropilén szálkeverék a legnagyobb hasítószilárdságot. Hasonló tendenciát mutatnak hajlítószilárdsági eredmények is. A kísérleti eredmények szerint a 3%-os HHF-adagolás jelentős javulást eredményez a beton szilárdsági tulajdonságaiban, bár nem olyan mértékben, mint a polipropilén szálak esetében. Statisztikai elemzést végeztünk a Kruskal–Wallis próba használatával, hogy összehasonlítsuk a különböző mintacsoportok szilárdsági eloszlását. A statisztikai elemzés szignifikáns különbségeket jelez a mintacsoportok szilárdság eloszlásban, a p = 0,05-ös szignifikancia szinten. Ez megerősíti azt a HHF-ben rejlő lehetőséget, hogy az használható úgy, mint az építőiparban a beton szilárdságának növeléséhez használt szálaknak a fenntarthatósági szempontok szerinti alternatívája.

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    Akbar, MuhammadUmar, TariqHussain, ZahoorPan, HualiOu, Guoqiang: Effect of Human Hair Fibers on the Performance of Concrete Incorporating High Dosage of Silica Fume. NATO Advanced Science Institutes Series E: Applied Sciences 13 (2022) 1. 124.

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    Worku, TesfayeSukumar, Nachippian: Development and Analysis of Human Hair Fiber and Chicken Feathers Reinforced Composite. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Kapoor, DipshiThakur, Nirbhay: Experimental Study of Concrete Prepared by the Addition of Human Hair and Coconut Fiber. International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development 10 (2020) 3. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Batebi, YadollahMirzagoltabar, AlirezaShabanian, Seyed MostafaFateri, Sara: Experimental Investigation of Shrinkage of Nano Hair Reinforced Concrete. Iranian (Iranica) Journal of Energy and Environment 4 (2013) 1. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Bheel, NaraindasAwoyera, PaulAluko, OluwatobiMahro, SantoshViloria, AmelecSeveriche Sierra, Carlos Alberto: Sustainable Composite Development: Novel Use of Human Hair as Fiber in Concrete. Case Studies in Construction Materials 13 (2020 December) e00412.

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    Ali, HumaRohit, KiranDixit, Savita: Fabrication and Characterization of Eco-Friendly Natural Human Hair Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite. Journal of Natural Fibers 20 (2023) 1.

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    Zakaria, MohammadAhmed, MashudHoque, MozammelShaid, Abu: A Comparative Study of the Mechanical Properties of Jute Fiber and Yarn Reinforced Concrete Composites. Journal of Natural Fibers 17 (2020) 5. 676687. DOI:

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    Bolat, HakanŞimşek, OsmanÇullu, MustafaDurmus, GökhanCan, Ömer: The Effects of Macro Synthetic Fiber Reinforcement Use on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Concrete. Composites Part B: Engineering 61 (2014) 191198.

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    Kanwal, HummairaAslam, Muhammad ShahzadMughal, Tayyaba LatifAsim, MuhammadMemon, Reena Majid: Human Hair as Fiber Reinforced Concrete for Enhancement of Tensile Strength of Concrete. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology 39 (2020) 1. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Khan, MehranMajid, Ali: Effectiveness of Hair and Wave Polypropylene Fibers for Concrete Roads. Construction and Building Materials 166 (2018 March) 581591.

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    Manjunatha, M.Kvgd, BalajiVengala, JagadishManjunatha, L. R.Shankara, K.Patnaikuni, Chandan Kumar: Experimental Study on the Use of Human Hair as Fiber to Enhance the Performance of Concrete: A Novel Use to Reduce the Disposal Challenges. Materials Today (2021) 47. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214785321028923(Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Patil, Yogendra: Experimental Study on Human Hair as Fiber Reinforced Concrete. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology 7 (2019) 3. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Petrounias, PetrosRogkala, AikateriniGiannakopoulou, Panagiota P.Lampropoulou, ParaskeviXanthopoulou, VayiaKoutsovitis, PetrosKoukouzas, NikolaosLagogiannis, IoannisLykokanellos, GeorgiosGolfinopoulos, Aristidis: An Innovative Experimental Petrographic Study of Concrete Produced by Animal Bones and Human Hair Fibers. Sustainability: Science Practice and Policy 13 (2021) 14. 8107.

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    Sancheti, GauravPais, Lucas: Sustainable Infrastructure Development: Concrete with Human Hair as Fiber. 2018 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET). (2018) (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Sezgin, HandeEnis, Ipek Yalcin: Human Hair Fiber as a Reinforcement Material in Composite Structures. 2018. http://set-science.com/manage/uploads/ISAS2018-Winter_0039/SETSCI_ISAS2018-Winter_0039_00166.pdf(Accessed 10 February 2023).

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    Verma, AkarshSingh, V. K.Verma, S. K.Sharma, Anshul: Human Hair: A Biodegradable Composite Fiber–A Review. International Journal of Waste Resources (2016) https://www.research-gate.net/profile/Akarsh-Verma/publication/304904238_Human_Hair_A_Biodegradable_Composite_Fiber_-_A_Review/links/579cbeab08ae6a2882f2e6a5/Human-Hair-A-Biodegradable-Composite-Fiber-A-Review.pdf(Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [17]

    Zaidi, S. Kaleem A.Talha, S. M.Bhati, ManishaRam, Shobha: An Experimental Study on Human Hair Fiber Reinforced Concrete. Trends in Civil Engineering and Its Architecture (2018) (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [18]

    Adamczak-Bugno, AnnaLipiec, SebastianAdamczak, JakubVičan, JosefBahleda, František: Identification of Destruction Processes and Assessment of Deformations in Compressed Concrete Modified with Polypropylene Fibers Exposed to Fire Temperatures Using Acoustic Emission Signal Analysis, Numerical Analysis, and Digital Image Correlation. Materials 16 (2023) 20. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [19]

    Cao, PengCao, LiangChen, GuoqingShi, FeitingZhou, ChangjunWang, Jianru: Experimental and Simulation Study of the Fracture Instability Behavior in Polypropylene Fiber-Reinforced Concrete. Materials 16 (2023) 13. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [20]

    Chen, LongyangLi, PenghuiGuo, WeiguoWang, RuifengZhang, DongjianGao, MengPeng, Chang: Experimental Investigation of the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene-Fiber-Reinforced Foamed Concrete at High Temperatures. Polymers 15 (2023) 11. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [21]

    Tan, LixinYang, JunLi, ChuanxiZhang, GaozhanDing, QingjunSun, DaoshengZhang, Yongyuan: Effect of Polyoxymethylene Fiber on the Mechanical Properties and Abrasion Resistance of Ultra-High-Performance Concrete. Materials 16 (2023) 21. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [22]

    Del, SavioAlmeida, AlexandreLa Torre Esquivel, DarwinLandeo, Joaquín M. García: Post-Cracking Properties of Concrete Reinforced with Polypropylene Fibers through the Barcelona Test. Polymers 15 (2023) 18. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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    Ellrich, Julius A.Ehlers, Sonja M.Furukuma, ShunjiPogoda, BernadetteKoop, Jochen H. E.: Characterization of Three Plastic Forms: Plasticoncrete, Plastimetal and Plastisessiles. The Science of the Total Environment 895 (2023 October) 165073.

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  • [24]

    Gao, YongweiZhou, BoruiYao, XianhuaGuan, JunfengHan, Xiaoyu: The Influence of Metakaolin and Polypropylene Fiber Concrete on Mechanics Properties and Microstructure Combined Action under Multi-Salt Soaking and Freeze-Thaw. Materials 16 (2023) 16. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [25]

    Mousavi, Seyed SinaDehestani, Mehdi: On the Possibility of Using Waste Disposable Gloves as Recycled Fibers in Sustainable 3D Concrete Printing Using Different Additives. Scientific Reports 13 (2023) 1. 10812.

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  • [26]

    Zhu, HongbingWen, SiyuLi, XiuLi, YahanFu, Zhenghao: Damage Evolution of Polypropylene-Basalt Hybrid Fiber Ceramsite Concrete under Chloride Erosion and Dry-Wet Cycle. Polymers 15 (2023) 20. (Accessed 5 February 2024).

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  • [27]

    Win, The ThweJongvivatsakul, PitchaJirawattanasomkul, TidarutPrasittisopin, LapyoteLikitlersuang, Suched: Use of Polypropylene Fibers Extracted from Recycled Surgical Face Masks in Cement Mortar. Construction and Building Materials 391 (2023 August) 131845.

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  • [28]

    Zhang, XutaoYin, RuijieChen, YunjuanLou, Chao: Experimental Study on the Axial Tensile Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Concrete. Scientific Reports 13 (2023) 1. 16383.

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Visual Arts and Performing Arts 285/615 (53rd PCTL)
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Visual Arts and Performing Arts (Q4)
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Visual Arts and Performing Arts 247/584 (Q2)
Conservation 60/96 (Q3)
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2020

 
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4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,111
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Architecture Q4
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Scopus
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15/63=0,2
Scopus
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Architecture 88/138 (Q3)
Conservation 52/85 (Q3)
Visual Arts and Performing Arts 221/532 (Q2)
Scopus
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Scopus
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16
Days from submission to acceptance 17
Days from acceptance to publication 123
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2019  
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3
Scimago
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0,133
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Visual Arts and Performing Arts 168/502 (Q2)
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0,339
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12
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