View More View Less
  • 1 IIMAS-UNAM Circuito Escolar s/n, Ciudad Universitaria Coyoacán 04510 México D.F
  • | 2 BECARIO-SNI Mexico
Restricted access

The object of this essay is to understand how the ethnic Csángó’s migratory process develops since the fall of the Romanian communist regime. To do so, we will first present an overview of the major processes that affected the Csángó’s culture, identity and way of life: the building of the Romanian nation-state and the communist modernization of Romania. Starting from a theoretical proposal based on an ecological model of migration, we expose the importance that culture and social networks of exchange have in the migratory process of this group.

  • Adler-Lomnitz, L. (1977): Networks and Marginality. Life in a Mexican Shantytown . New York: Academic Press.

    Adler-Lomnitz L. , '', in Networks and Marginality. Life in a Mexican Shantytown , (1977 ) -.

  • Adler-Lomnitz, L. and Sheinbaum, D. (2004): Trust, Social Networks and the Informal Economy: A Comparative Analysis. Review of Sociology , 10: 5–26.

    Sheinbaum D. , 'Trust, Social Networks and the Informal Economy: A Comparative Analysis ' (2004 ) 10 Review of Sociology : 5 -26.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Arango, J. (2003): La Explicación Teórica de las Migraciones: Luz y Sombra. Migración y desarrollo , 1: October.

  • Arizpe, L. (1978): Migración, Etnicismo y Cambio Económico . México: El Colegio de México.

    Arizpe L. , '', in Migración, Etnicismo y Cambio Económico , (1978 ) -.

  • Barth, F. (1976): Los Grupos Étnicos y Sus Fronteras: La Organización Social de las Diferencias Culturales . México: FCE.

    Barth F. , '', in Los Grupos Étnicos y Sus Fronteras: La Organización Social de las Diferencias Culturales , (1976 ) -.

  • Bartha, A. (1998): Pusztina Pustiana. Thoughts about Past and Present: a Chango Village . Hungary: Balaton Akadémia.

    Bartha A. , '', in Pusztina Pustiana. Thoughts about Past and Present: a Chango Village , (1998 ) -.

  • Benda, K. (2002): The Hungarias of Moldavia (Csángós) in the 16th 17th Centuries. In Diószegi, L. ed.: Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia . Budapest: Teleki László Foundation-Pro Minoritate Foundation, 7–50.

    Benda K. , '', in Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia , (2002 ) -.

  • Bohus P.P. (2005): Earn “Hungarian”, spend “Romanian”! Essay on Moldavian Csángó Guest Workers Economic Strategies, Entrepreneurship, Mutual Information Exchange and Identity Issues in Budapest Based on Participant Observations and Structured Interviews. M.A. Dissertation, Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem.

  • Castells, M. and Portes, A. (1989): World Underneath: The Origins, Dynamics, and Effects of the Informal Economy. In Portes, A., Castells, M. and Benton, L.A. eds.: The informal Economy: Studies in Advanced and Less Developed Countries . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 11–37.

    Portes A. , '', in The informal Economy: Studies in Advanced and Less Developed Countries , (1989 ) -.

  • Castles, S. and Miller, M.J. (1993): The Age of Migration . New York: The Guilford Press.

    Miller M.J. , '', in The Age of Migration , (1993 ) -.

  • Cohen, J. (1968): Man in Adaptation . Chicago: Aldine.

    Cohen J. , '', in Man in Adaptation , (1968 ) -.

  • Domokos P.P. (1985): A Moldvai magyarság . [The Moldavian Hungarians.] Budapest.

  • Feige, E.L. (1990): Defining and Estimating Underground and Informal Economies: The New Institutional Economics Approach. World Development , 18: 989–1002.

    Feige E.L. , 'Defining and Estimating Underground and Informal Economies: The New Institutional Economics Approach ' (1990 ) 18 World Development : 989 -1002.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Friedlander, J. (1975): Being Indian in Hueyapan: a Study of Forced Identity in Contemporary Mexico . New York: St. Martin’s Press.

    Friedlander J. , '', in Being Indian in Hueyapan: a Study of Forced Identity in Contemporary Mexico , (1975 ) -.

  • Herrera, C.R. (2006): La Perspectiva Teórica en el Estudio de las Migraciones . México: Siglo XXI.

    Herrera C.R. , '', in La Perspectiva Teórica en el Estudio de las Migraciones , (2006 ) -.

  • Hobsbawm, E. (1991): Naciones y Nacionalismo desde 1780 . Barcelona: Crítica.

    Hobsbawm E. , '', in Naciones y Nacionalismo desde 1780 , (1991 ) -.

  • Isohookana-Asunmaa, T. (2001): Csángó Minority Culture in Romania. Report for the Council of Europe. Committee on Culture, Science and Education, http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/WorkingDocs/doc01/EDOC9078.html

  • Kápalo, J.A. (1996):. The Moldavian Csángós: “National Minority” or “Local Ethnic”? M.A. Dissertation. Danubiana. European Network for Danubian Studies and Cultural Action, http://danubiana.org

  • Lazaroiu, S. (2003): European Commission Project: Sharing Experience: Migration Trends in Selected Applicant Countries and Lessons Learned from the New Countries of Immigration in the EU and Austria. Volume IV-Romania. More ‘Out’ than ‘In’ at the Crossroads between Europe and the Balkans. Vienna: IOM.

    Lazaroiu S. , '', in European Commission Project: Sharing Experience: Migration Trends in Selected Applicant Countries and Lessons Learned from the New Countries of Immigration in the EU and Austria. Volume IV-Romania. More ‘Out’ than ‘In’ at the Crossroads between Europe and the Balkans , (2003 ) -.

  • Livezeanu, I. (1995): Cultural Politics in Greater Rumania . Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

    Livezeanu I. , '', in Cultural Politics in Greater Rumania , (1995 ) -.

  • Marcu, S. (2003): El proceso de Transición Política en Rumania: Herencias y Realidades Postcomunistas. Revista Electrónica de Estudios Internacionales , Asociación Espańola de Profesores de Derechos Internacional y Relaciones Internacionale, 7., www.reei.org .

  • Martinas, D. (1999): The Origins of the Changos . Iasi, Oxford, Portland: The Center for Romanian Studies.

    Martinas D. , '', in The Origins of the Changos , (1999 ) -.

  • Massey, D., Arango, J., Graeme, H., Kouachi, A., Pellegrino, A. and Taylor, E. (1993): Theories of International Migration: a Review and Appraisal. Population and Development Review , 19(3): 431–466.

    Taylor E. , 'Theories of International Migration: a Review and Appraisal ' (1993 ) 19 Population and Development Review : 431 -466.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mitchell J.C. (1969): Social Networks in Urban Situations . Manchester: Manchester University Press.

    Mitchell J.C. , '', in Social Networks in Urban Situations , (1969 ) -.

  • Muńoz H.O., Oliveira, P., Singer, P. and Stern, C. (1972): Migración y Desarrollo . Buenos Aires. CLACSO.

    Stern C. , '', in Migración y Desarrollo , (1972 ) -.

  • Okólski, M. (2004): The effects of Political and Economic Transition on International Migration in Central and Eastern Europe. In Douglas, S., Massey, D. and Taylor, J.E. eds.: International Migration. Prospects and Policies in a Global Market . New York: Oxford University Press, 35–58.

    Okólski M. , '', in International Migration. Prospects and Policies in a Global Market , (2004 ) -.

  • Portes, A. and Haller, W. (2005): The Informal Economy. In Smelser, N.J. and Swedberg, R. eds.: The Handbook of Economic Sociology . Princeton University Press.

  • Rosu, I. (2002). Post-socialist Transition: A Comparison between Romania and Poland. (To be published)

  • Slujukic, S. (2001): Sociological Aspects of Peasant Cooperation in Post-Socialist Romania. In: REGIONAL PROGRAM Year Book, 2001–2002. Bucharest: New Europe College, 169–209.

    Slujukic S. , '', in REGIONAL PROGRAM Year Book, 2001–2002 , (2001 ) -.

  • Sik, E. (1995): Measuring the Unregistered Economy in Post-communist Transformation. Eurosocial Report. Budapest: European Center for Social Welfare Policy and Research.

    Sik E. , '', in Measuring the Unregistered Economy in Post-communist Transformation. Eurosocial Report , (1995 ) -.

  • Sik, E. (2002): Informal Labor Market-place on the Moscow Square. In Neef, R. and Stanculescu, M. eds.: The Social Impact of Informal Economies in Eastern Europe . England: Ashgate, 231–248.

    Sik E. , '', in The Social Impact of Informal Economies in Eastern Europe , (2002 ) -.

  • Stanculescu, M.S. and Llie, S. (2001): Informal Sector in Romania . Bucharest: UNDP/RIQL.

    Llie S. , '', in Informal Sector in Romania , (2001 ) -.

  • Tánczos, V. (2002): About the Demography of the Moldavian Csángós. In Diószegi, L. ed.: Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia . Budapest: Teleki László Foundation-Pro Minoritate Foundation, 117–147.

    Tánczos V. , '', in Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia , (2002 ) -.

  • Tóth, J.I. and Sik, E. (2002): Hidden Economy in Hungary. In Neef, R. and Stanculescu, M. eds.: The Social Impact of Informal Economies in Eastern Europe . England: Ashgate, 219–230.

    Sik E. , '', in The Social Impact of Informal Economies in Eastern Europe , (2002 ) -.

  • Wallerstein, I. (1974). The Modern World-System. Vol. I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century . New York/London: Academic Press

    Wallerstein I. , '', in The Modern World-System. Vol. I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century , (1974 ) -.

  • Vincze, G. (2002): An Overview of the Modern History of the Moldavian Csángó-Hungarians. In Diószegi, L. ed.: Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia . Budapest: Teleki László Foundation-Pro Minoritate Foundation, 51–82.

    Vincze G. , '', in Hungarian Csángós in Moldavia , (2002 ) -.

  • Wolfe, A.W. (1970): On Structural Comparisons of Network Situation and Social Network in Cities. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology , 7(4).

Review of Sociology
Language English
Year of
Foundation
2000
Publication
Programme
ceased
Founder A Magyar Szociológiai Társaság -- Hungarian Sociological Association
Founder's
Address
H-1097 Budapest, Hungary Tóth Kálmán u.4.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1417-8648 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2845 (Online)