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  • 1 Yale University Department of Sociology 140 Prospect 06511 New Haven
  • | 2 Yale University Department of Sociology 140 Prospect 06511 New Haven
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In this paper we analyze whether and how unemployment patterns changed during the transition from socialism to capitalism in Hungary and Poland. Specifically, we test two competing theories that make predictions about women's employment outcomes as a result of market reforms.First, Fodor's theory of „revalued resources” predicts that women will have a significant advantage over men in the labor market as a result of attaining high levels of education and gaining substantial work experience in the servicesector under socialist regime. Alternatively, the „re-traditionalization” theory predicts that women's emloyment will gradually deteriorate as a result of traditional gender ideologies that have re-emerged throughout the transitional period. In order to adjudicate between these competing theories, our analysis draws upon two major cross-national surveys conducted in Central and Eastern Europe in 1993 and 2000. By comparing labor market figures in Hungary and Poland in 1988, 1993 and 2001, our analysis maps the trajectory of men and women's unemployment from the period immediately precedeing market reforms to the current phase of transition. Overall, we find modest evudence for both theories depending on the country of interest. íFurthermore, while women, as compared to men, have sustained a relatively strong position in the labor market after over a decade of reforms in Hungary, the employment situation for women in Poland is becoming increasingly bleak.

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Review of Sociology
Language English
Year of
Foundation
2000
Publication
Programme
ceased
Founder A Magyar Szociológiai Társaság -- Hungarian Sociological Association
Founder's
Address
H-1097 Budapest, Hungary Tóth Kálmán u.4.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1417-8648 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2845 (Online)