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  • 1 Central Statistical Office, Social Statistics Department Budapest, Keleti Károly u. 5-7. H-1024
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In this analysis we assess the effects of different social charasteristics of individuals on their propensity for the first marriage taking into account the joint educational distribution of spouses. In line with the theoretical hypotheses and the findings of previous research, we have found a tendency for individuals with similar levels of education to marry one another. People with compulsory schooling and with university degrees are the most likely to marry homogamously. The odds of marrying people with equal or higher education are greater as individuals get older. However, the effect of the variable describing time out of school becomes smaller at the higher levels of the educational hierarchy, especially at the university level. This findings suggests the low-cost marriage market function of universities, the fact that these institutions collect students whose future socio-economic prospects re very homogeneous. Parental education has a consistent effecgt on marital behaviour. Well-educated individuals who possess higher levels of inherited educational capital appear to gain more advantage in the marriage market compared to their counterparts with less advantageous backgrounds. Among poorly educated people the lack of parental resources further decreases the likelihood of a „good match”. As for the historical trends are concerned, the likelihood of marriage with poorly educated candidates has declined the most; and in the case of better-educated potential spouses the marriage propensity has even increased, or at least has not decreased to a large extent. This tendency indicates a changing economic context for marriage. Modern long-term partnerships are based on the expectation that partners can make similarly valuable contributions to the marriage in order to maintain or increase the total wealth and success of the family.

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