The roots of
, known as ‘Bala’ in the Ayurvedic system of medicine, are used to treat a variety of ailments, including pulmonary tuberculosis, rheumatism, hematuria, urinary and heart diseases. The roots have recently been used to cure
disease and as a food supplement for fat loss. During a survey of Indian herbal drug markets it was observed that the roots and whole plants of other species of
S. acuta, S. cordata
, were being sold under the same vernacular name. In this context, HPTLC markers and a method for quantitative estimation of ephedrine, one of the therapeutically active constituents of this genus, have been developed. The study concluded that common and distinguishing bands were observed for all four
species in UV light at
= 366 nm. The roots of
had a similar HPTLC profile but the whole plant of
had characteristic blue bands at
0.60 and 0.81 and a red band at
0.87. Similarly, the whole plant of
can easily be differentiated on the basis of blue bands at
0.15 and 0.67; the roots can be differentiated by blue bands at
0.84 and 0.90. Although no characteristic bands were observed for
whole plant, the roots of this plant could also be identified by the presence of yellow and blue bands at
0.18 and 0.79, respectively. Amount of ephedrine varied in the four species studied. The maximum amount (0.112%) was found in
whole plant and the minimum amount (0.005%) in the roots of
R.N. Chopra, S.L. Nayar
, Glossary of Indian Medicinal plants, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, 1956.
Chopra I.C. , '', in Glossary of Indian Medicinal plants, (1956) -.
Chopra I.C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal plants1956)| false
Anon., The wealth of India. A dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and Industrial Products, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, 1972.
N. Nagashayana, P. Sankarankutty, M.R. Nampoothiri, P.K. Mohan
, J. Neurol Sci
(1) (2001) 124–127.