Authors:
Enikő Tóth

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Gábor Janicsák Institute of Ecology and Botany of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Alkotmány u. 2 2163 Vácrátót Hungary

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Imre Máthé

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Gerald Blunden University of Portsmouth School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences St Michaels Building, White Swan Road Portsmouth, Hampshire PO1 2DT UK

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Different parts of three Ballota species ( B. nigra, B. hirsuta , and B. rupestris ) have been analyzed for phenylpropanoid content by means of a simple extraction technique and a newly established TLC-densitometric method. The compounds studied were verbascoside (VE), forsythoside B (FB), and caffeoyl-malic acid (CM). The largest amounts were detected in B. rupestris - CM (0.30%) and VE (4.58%) in the leaves and FB (3.0%) in the roots, followed by B. nigra ; the smallest amounts were found in B. hirsuta - 0.08% CM, 1.64% VE, and 0.91% FB in the leaves. The absence of caffeoylmalic acid was characteristic of the roots only. B. nigra , the common representative of the genus in Hungary, was chosen for thorough study of variation of phenylpropanoids during the vegetative period. Amounts of the phenylpropanoids increased during the main and secondary flowering periods in June (FB, 6.00%; VE, 8.50%; CM, 0.45% in the leaves) and September (FB, 3.80%; VE, 7.00%;, CM, 0.35% in the leaves).

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Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1988
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0933-4173 (Print)
ISSN 1789-0993 (Online)

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