Authors:
Alexander Ruppel Justus Liebig University Giessen Chair of Food Science, Institute of Nutritional Science Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32 35392 Giessen Germany

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Gertrud Morlock Justus Liebig University Giessen Chair of Food Science, Institute of Nutritional Science Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32 35392 Giessen Germany

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The carbohydrate content of floral nectars of 12 Marantaceae species was analyzed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). The main interest was not only to determine the sugar content of the nectar produced by the flowers but also to find potential differences within the genera and species. A total of 131 samples of this plant family, which grows in the tropical understory rainforest, were collected in the Golfo Dulce Region, Costa Rica, and analyzed. The nectar sugars found in the neotropical samples comprised melezitose, fructose, sucrose, glucose, and xylose (listed ascending in hRF values), whereof the main sugars were sucrose, glucose, and fructose. The nectars were successfully analyzed with regard to their individual sugar composition and classified according to their ratios. The overall mean sugar content of the studied species was 36%. The highest sugar contents of ≥40% were found in the nectar of the species Calathea lutea, Calathea donnell-smithii, Calathea marantifolia, Hylaeanthe hoffmannii, and Pleiostachya pruinosa. All species studied showed a ratio of sucrose to glucose and fructose between 1.3 for Calathealutea and 11.2 for Calathea donnell-smithii and, hence, were classified as sucrose dominated. HPTLC was found to be a good analytical method for nectar analysis, which took less than 1.5 h for 21 samples analyzed in parallel (ca. 4 min per sample).

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Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1988
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
6
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0933-4173 (Print)
ISSN 1789-0993 (Online)

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