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  • 1 MH Egészségügyi Központ, Szív-, Ér- és Mellkassebészet, Anaesthesiologia és Intenzív Therapiás Osztály, 1134 Budapest, Róbert K. krt. 44.
  • 2 Mayo Clinic, Gonda Vascular Center, Dept. Vascular Surgery, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
  • 3 SOTE Városmajori Szív- és Érgyógyászati Klinika, Budapest
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Összefoglaló. A thoracoabdominalis aortakirekesztés okozta gerincvelő ischemia súlyos neurológiai következményeit számos klinikai és kísérleti tanulmány bizonyítja. E nehezen kiszámítható, súlyos szövődmény megelőzésének érdekében régi törekvés megfelelő intra- és posztoperatív monitorizálás kifejlesztése, ami előre jelzi a gerincvelő-funkció romlását, illetve a kialakuló celluláris károsodást. A legelterjedtebb, a klinikai gyakorlatban széles körben alkalmazott megoldás a gerincvelői kiváltott motoros potenciál (MEP) folyamatos ellenőrzése. Ritkábban alkalmazott – bár ígéretes – eljárás a biokémiai változások nyomon követése, ami a sejtszintű károsodás markereit használja fel az ischemia okozta változások felismerésére.

Korábbi dolgozatunkban kutyákon végzett kísérleteink azon eredményeit ismertettük, amelyekben a 60 perces thoracoabdominalis aortakirekesztés okozta neurológiai változások és a perfúzió adatainak összefüggéseit tárgyaltuk. Jelen tanulmányunkban a gerincvelői motoros (MEP) és szenzoros (SEP) kiváltott potenciálok változásait vizsgáljuk a neurológiai végállapot vonatkozásában. Megállapítottuk, hogy SEP változásai a neurológiai károsodás mértékével értékelhető összefüggést nem mutatnak. A MEP-amplitúdó és -latencia értékei biztonsággal jelzik a fenyegető gerincvelő ischemiát. A neurológiai deficit mélységét (Tarlov 2,1,0) a MEP-értékek változásai numerikusan nem értékelhetően követik.

Summary. Severe neurological complications of the thoracoabdominal aortic clamping were published in numerous clinical and experimental studies. These hardly predictable, devastating consequences demanded to develop a monitoring system which might detect impending level of spinal cord ischemia in time – in order to introduce or enhance protective procedures and prevent permanent neurological deficit. The most widely used monitoring in clinical practice is the continuous surveillance of the motor evoked potentials (MEP) during and after thoracoabdominal aortic clamping. Much less used, but promising opportunity is to control the metabolic changes and cellular integrity utilizing specific markers like liquor lactate and neuron specific enolase (NSE) etc. In our earlier study we published data of our canine experiment related to coherencies between neurological outcome and specific perfusion of the spinal cord during and after one hour thoracoabdominal aortic clamping. In the present paper we investigate the behavior of motor evoked (MEP) and sensory evoked (SEP) potentials related to neurological changes. We conclude the behavior of SEP values hardly correlate with the neurologic outcome, meanwhile decrease of MEP amplitude provides reliable signal for developing spinal cord ischemia. We could not confirm a numeric correlation of these data and the level of the final neurologic outcome.

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