motivated by quadrature rules of approximate integration. In previous results the solutions of this equation were found only in some particular cases. For example the coefficients λi were supposed to be rational or the equation in question was solved only for n=2. In the current paper we do not assume any particular form of coefficients occurring in this equation and we allow n to be any positive integer. Moreover, we obtain a solution of our equation without any regularity assumptions concerning the functions f and F.
 Bessenyei, M., Páles, Zs.2010Characterization of higher order monotonicity via integral inequalitiesProc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A140723–736.