Author: G. Iyengar 1
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  • 1 KFA Institute of Medicine D-517 Jülich (FRG)
  • 2 NBS 20899 Gaithersburg MD USA
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Abstract  

A simple radiochemical machine incorporating ion-exchange procedures has been described. The system has been tested repeatedly for the determination of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn and Mo at ultra trace concentration levels in a variety of biological samples such as reference materials, human blood serum, human milk, hair and certain dietary materials, thereby demonstrating its suitability for practical use. The procedure can also yield results for A, Au and W, without any further chemical manipulations. Results show <1, 0.12, 0.18, 983, 0.61 and 0.91 g/l for Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn and Mo, respectively, in human blood serum. Corresponding concentrations in human milk are <1, 0.25, <1, 186 to 310, 4 to 40 and 5.8 g/l. Among the reference materials, IAEA milk standard A-11 shows 1.85, 5.1, 17, 380, 260 and 101 ng/g for Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn and Mo, respectively. Corresponding concentrations in animal muscle H-4 are 4.1, 5, 10.2, 4000, 455 and 45 ng/g. Importantly, this scheme has been applied to process large number of samples from single investigations such as those arising from dietary studies, obtaining quick and reliable data for routine use.