A radiochemical procedure was developed and optimized which allows sensitive241Pu measurement in various sample materials. As a first step, Pu isotopes are separated from matrix elements, purified radiochemically, electroplated, and measured by -spectrometry. The electrodeposited Pu is then redissolved in nitric acid and extracted with trioctylphosphinic oxide/cyclohexane. The organic phase is mixed with scintillator cocktail (PPO/Xylene) and Pu is measured with a liquid scintillation counter. The detection limit of the optimized procedure for a counting time of 100 minutes is 50 mBq241Pu per sample at a 95% confidence level.