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  • 1 Utkal University Department of Chemistry Vani Vihar 751 004 Bhubaneswar (India)
  • 2 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Nuclear Chemistry Division Bidhan Nagar 700 064 Calcutta (India)
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Abstract  

Presence of thiocyanate ions results in appreciable extraction of Zr(IV) by Aliquat 336 from low aqueous HCl acidities, i.e., 0.1 to 4.5M. The variation of concentrations of HCl, thiocyanate and Aliquat 336 greatly influences the extent of extraction. Mixtures of Aliquat 336 and TOPO result in synergistic extraction of Zr and Hf from acidic thiocyanate media, the extracted species being the disolvate with TOPO. By controlled adjustment of HCl, SCN and Aliquat 336 concentrations, separation of Zr, Nb and Hf is possible. A maximum separation factor (DNb/DZr) of 3675 has been achieved under certain conditions.