The extraction of Na3+, Eu3+ and Tm3+ by di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, HDEHP has been studied from various aqueous acidic solutions. The extraction of these elements is inversely proportional to the third power of the hydrogen ion concentration. Antagonistic effects were observed when the extraction was studied by mixtures of HDEHP and tributyl phosphate, TBP, or trioctylphosphine oxide, TOPO. The presence of water-miscible alcohols and acetone generally increases the extraction of these three elements from HCl solutions. Reaction mechanisms have been suggested and discussed in the light of the data obtained.