Authors:
E. Holm Lund University Department of Radiation Physics, Lasarettet Lund Sweden

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S. Ballestra Marine Environment Laboratory International Atomic Energy Agency B. P. No. 800 MC-98012 Monaco

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J. Lopez Marine Environment Laboratory International Atomic Energy Agency B. P. No. 800 MC-98012 Monaco

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A. Bulos Marine Environment Laboratory International Atomic Energy Agency B. P. No. 800 MC-98012 Monaco

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N. Whitehead Marine Environment Laboratory International Atomic Energy Agency B. P. No. 800 MC-98012 Monaco

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G. Barci-Funel Université de Nice Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Faculté des Sciences Nice France

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G. Ardisson Université de Nice Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Faculté des Sciences Nice France

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Abstract  

Samples of macro algae,Codium tomentosum (green),Corallina mediterranea (red),Sphaerococcus coronopifolius (red) andDictyota dichtoma (brown), were collected off Monaco during 1984 and 1988 and analyzed for gamma-emitting radionuclides and transuranium elements. Due to the Chernobyl accident, increased radioactivity in the atmosphere at Monaco was recorded on 30 April 1986 with maximal activity concentrations on 2–3 May. The maximal activity concentrations in sea water occurred on 5–6 May and in the algae on 11 May. The decrease of activity concentrations can be described after May 11 as a single exponential relationship, where elimination rates for different radionuclides and different species specific to the environment can be calculated.The elimination rates thus observed correspond to mean residence times between 70 and 370 days corrected for physical decay. The concentration factors were also estimated and the highest values were found for131I,129Tem, and 110 Agm and lowest for radiocaesium and140Ba. The red algaeSphaerococcus coronopifolius showed generally higher concentration factors than green and brown algae.Regarding transuranium elements, a theoretical contribution from the Chernobyl accident can be made but only242Cm was detected in the algae above previous levels before the accident, due to the relatively small fallout of transuranics.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)