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  • 1 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Department of Fuel Safety Research, Tokai Research Establishment Tokai-mura, Naka-gun 319-11 Ibaraki-ken (Japan)
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Solid formation in a simulated high level liquid waste (HLLW) was experimentally examined at 2M and 0.5M nitric acid concentrations. The precipitation studies were conducted by refluxing the simulated HLLW around 100°C. Zr, Mo, Te and Ru were major precipitation elements in both 2M and 0.5M HNO3 solutions. The amount of precipitate in 2M HNO3 solution decreased with decreasing Zr concentration and no precipitation was found in the solution without Zr. Only about 10% of Zr, Mo and Te were precipitated, if the Mo/Zr ratio in the 0.5M HNO3 solution was kept below 0.5. Complete removal of Zr and Mo was the most effective way to prevent solid formation in the solution with 2M and 0.5M HNO3 concentrations.