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  • 1 Academia Sinica Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Research Shanghai (China)
  • 2 Suzhou University Chemistry Department Suzhou (China)
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Abstract  

In this work, ten disubstituted amides have been synthesized and the extracting ability for U and Th fission products (mainly Zr, Nb and Ru) and the tendency of third phase formation have been studied. From the preliminary studies, two disubstituted amides, N-octylcaprolactam (OCLA) and N-(2-ethyl) hexylcaprolactam (EHCLA) were chosen for further studies. All studies were compared with those obtained by using TBP under exactly the same conditions. The dependence of aqueous nitric acid concentration, extractant concentration, temperature, -ray irradiation on extraction of Th, U and some fission products were studied. Back extraction of Th and U from organic phases and third phase formation were also studied. The studies of the reaction mechanism indicate that Th and U are extracted as disolvates, whereas HNO3 is extracted as monosolvate. Extraction distribution of Th and U decrease with increase of temperature, indicating the extraction reaction to be exothermic. Preliminary studies show that OCLA and EHCLA have better -irradiation stabilities compared with TBP.