Indoor radon concentrations were measured in 10 821 pupils primary schools of Osijek by means of the Radhome silicon detector. The values ranged from 15 to 300 Bq/m3 with the arithmetic and geometric means of 93.4 and 70.6 Bq/m3, respectively. Ten years continuous radon measurements performed with the LR-115 nuclear track detector in three houses of different construction and town area gave means of 27, 96 and 23 Bq/m3; the indoor Rn concentration for a heating period was a factor of 1.5 higher than for the warm season. The average effective dose equivalent for the primary school pupils was 2.8 mSv/y (with occupancy factors of 0.6, 0.2 and 0.2 for home, school and outdoors, respectively). For citizens of Osijek it was 1.7 mSv/y.