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  • 1 University of Gent Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry Institute for Nuclear Sciences (INW) Proeftuinstraat 86 B-9000 Gent Belgium
  • 2 University of Trondheim Department of Chemistry N-7055 Dragvoll Norway
  • 3 KFKI-AEKI POB 49 H-1525 Budapest 114 Hungary
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Abstract  

An investigation is made of the importance of (n,,n, ) second-order reaction interferences in reactor neutron activation analysis (NAA), in addition to the commonly considered (n, , ; n, ) interferences. The algorithms for the calculation of the interference are derived from the Bateman-Rubinson equation, taking into account the formation of all m-and g-states involved bum-up effects, and the growth of the interfering radionuclide after irradiation due to a mother-daughter relationship. The following practical cases are examined in detail:138Ba 140La (detemination of La in presence of excess Ba),139La 141Ce (Ce in La),164Dy 166Ho (Ho in Dy),186W 188Re (Re in W) and192Os 194Ir (Ir in Os). A computer search was done for the nuclear data involved in the computation. For139La[(n,; n,; )+(n,; ; n,)]141Ce, and164Dy[(n,; n,; )+ (n,; ; n,)]166Ho experimental checks were performed in the Budapest Research Reactor, which confirmed the calculations showing that the (n,; n,; ) interference gives the largest contribution to the apparent concentration of Ce in La and of Ho in Dy, respectively.