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  • 1 Inter University Consortium for DAE Facilities Ill/LB-8, Bidhan Nagar 700 091 Calcutta India
  • | 2 Utkal University Department of Chemistry 751 004 Bhubaneswar India
  • | 3 Institute of Physics 751 005 Bhubaneswar India
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Abstract  

Ferromanganese nodules found on the Ocean bed are complex heterogenous mixtures of several components. Two nodules from Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) were analysed by proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) technique using 3UD Tandem pelletron. The precision and the accuracy of this technique for chemical analyses has been confimed by analysing USGS Geological Standards. Thick sample targets were bombarded by 3 MeV protons for the multielemental analysis. GUPIX-96 software was used for spectral data analysis. Quantative estimate of K, Ca, Tl, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Mo, Ba, Ce, Tl and Pb has been ascertained. The occurrence of Ga, Ge, Rb and Zr in nodules from this region is reported for the first time. The role of manganese and iron oxide phases in determining the uptake of various trace elements from ocean water and bottom sediment pore water has been discussed.